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Total Defence Day 2008 15 Feb 08. Origins of Total Defence…. Introduced on 2 Apr 84 Adapted from Swiss and Swedish experience Rationale: given our small population, we cannot maintain a regular armed forces nature of modern warfare has changed.

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Origins of Total Defence…

  • Introduced on 2 Apr 84

  • Adapted from Swiss and

    Swedish experience

  • Rationale:

    • given our small population, we

      cannot maintain a regular armed

      forces

    • nature of modern

      warfare has changed


Five Aspects of Total Defence

...work together in an integrated response


Total Defence Framework

  • Not just a defence plan that is rolled

    out during times of war

  • A comprehensive and integrated

    response to deal with all kinds of

    threats/challenges

  • A relevant and useful approach to

    tackle terrorism threat

  • Is about building a strong nation


Total Defence Involves Everyone

  • Brings together government, private

    sector and all Singaporeans to deal

    with threats, crises, challenges

  • SARS: An example of TD in action


Total Defence...

  • is a long-term investment

  • prepares our nation to deal

    with crises when they occur


Three Examples:

(1) Economic Crisis (1997)

  • strong economic foundation

  • sound policies

  • educated workforce

  • good industrial relations

  • adequate reserves


(2) Dealing with non-conventional threats

- inter-agency cooperation

RSN-Coast Guard joint exercise



We have been building our civil defence capabilities

...preparing Singaporeans for civil emergencies





(3) Tsunami disaster (2004) cohesion

We were able to respond swiftly...



Prevention, Protection, Response... cohesion

What are we doing to become a “hard target” against terrorism?


  • Stepped up security cohesion

    measures

  • Air defences on

    heightened alert

    24 hours a day

  • Stricter checks on passengers and

    baggage

  • Selected ships transiting through

    Singapore Straits to be escorted


  • Random armed cohesion

    patrols at commercial,

    residential and

    entertainment areas

  • Rubbish bins removed at MRT platforms

  • Postboxes moved outside MRT and LRT

    stations

  • Security personnel at bus interchanges

    and MRT stations


  • Chemical firms to

    alert police of

    suspicious buyers

  • Vehicles carrying hazardous materials to

    be tracked by SCDF


  • Security measures

    enhanced in schools

  • CCTV cameras installed

    in streets and public

    areas


What you can do... cohesion

  • Complement work of government

    agencies by keeping ears to the

    ground and eyes open

  • Know what to do during emergencies

  • Keep fit. Take NS duties seriously


What you can do… cohesion

  • Upgrade your skills to stay

    relevant and employable

  • Understand and be

    sensitive to different

    ethnic groups

  • Have pride in and be loyal to

    Singapore


Psychological resilience is key cohesion

If anything happens in Singapore,

…would we be able to bounce back quickly?


We build resilience by… cohesion

  • Being aware of potential threats

    and challenges

  • Having confidence in the capabilities

    of the government and security

    agencies

  • Being prepared for emergencies

  • Drawing on how we overcome

    past adversities


  • “Ultimately, it’s not the government or the civil defence or the police who are going to defeat terrorists: It’s the response of the whole society – the cohesion, the unity, the determination, the grit – that will make the difference.”

    • PM Lee Hsien Loong

  • 9 Jan 06


  • Thank you defence or the police who are going to defeat terrorists: It’s the response of the whole society – the cohesion, the unity, the determination, the grit – that will make the difference.”


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