Total Defence Day 2008
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Total Defence Day 2008 15 Feb 08 PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Total Defence Day 2008 15 Feb 08. Origins of Total Defence…. Introduced on 2 Apr 84 Adapted from Swiss and Swedish experience Rationale: given our small population, we cannot maintain a regular armed forces nature of modern warfare has changed.

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Total Defence Day 2008 15 Feb 08

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Total Defence Day 2008

15 Feb 08

Origins of Total Defence…

  • Introduced on 2 Apr 84

  • Adapted from Swiss and

    Swedish experience

  • Rationale:

    • given our small population, we

      cannot maintain a regular armed


    • nature of modern

      warfare has changed

Five Aspects of Total Defence together in an integrated response

Total Defence Framework

  • Not just a defence plan that is rolled

    out during times of war

  • A comprehensive and integrated

    response to deal with all kinds of


  • A relevant and useful approach to

    tackle terrorism threat

  • Is about building a strong nation

Total Defence Involves Everyone

  • Brings together government, private

    sector and all Singaporeans to deal

    with threats, crises, challenges

  • SARS: An example of TD in action

Total Defence...

  • is a long-term investment

  • prepares our nation to deal

    with crises when they occur

Three Examples:

(1) Economic Crisis (1997)

  • strong economic foundation

  • sound policies

  • educated workforce

  • good industrial relations

  • adequate reserves

(2) Dealing with non-conventional threats

- inter-agency cooperation

RSN-Coast Guard joint exercise

HAZMAT team in operation at the British Council, 2001

We have been building our civil defence capabilities

...preparing Singaporeans for civil emergencies

Air disaster simulation exercise, May 2001

911 and the JI arrests had repercussions on our social cohesion

…but we were able to talk openly about these issues

(3) Tsunami disaster (2004)

We were able to respond swiftly...

Singapore Red Cross Society in Meulaboh

Prevention, Protection, Response...

What are we doing to become a “hard target” against terrorism?

  • Stepped up security


  • Air defences on

    heightened alert

    24 hours a day

  • Stricter checks on passengers and


  • Selected ships transiting through

    Singapore Straits to be escorted

  • Random armed

    patrols at commercial,

    residential and

    entertainment areas

  • Rubbish bins removed at MRT platforms

  • Postboxes moved outside MRT and LRT


  • Security personnel at bus interchanges

    and MRT stations

  • Parking spaces in front of hotel lobbies

    cordoned off

  • Metal barricades at driveways of


  • Chemical firms to

    alert police of

    suspicious buyers

  • Vehicles carrying hazardous materials to

    be tracked by SCDF

  • Taxi drivers to report

    suspicious passengers

  • Simulated exercises to

    emphasise need for


  • Security measures

    enhanced in schools

  • CCTV cameras installed

    in streets and public


What you can do...

  • Complement work of government

    agencies by keeping ears to the

    ground and eyes open

  • Know what to do during emergencies

  • Keep fit. Take NS duties seriously

What you can do…

  • Upgrade your skills to stay

    relevant and employable

  • Understand and be

    sensitive to different

    ethnic groups

  • Have pride in and be loyal to


Psychological resilience is key

If anything happens in Singapore,

…would we be able to bounce back quickly?

We build resilience by…

  • Being aware of potential threats

    and challenges

  • Having confidence in the capabilities

    of the government and security


  • Being prepared for emergencies

  • Drawing on how we overcome

    past adversities

  • “Ultimately, it’s not the government or the civil defence or the police who are going to defeat terrorists: It’s the response of the whole society – the cohesion, the unity, the determination, the grit – that will make the difference.”

    • PM Lee Hsien Loong

  • 9 Jan 06

  • Thank you

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