Causes, Effects and Responses to the 1998 Floods in Bangladesh. By: Christina McConney MYP1
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Causes, Effects and Responses to the 1998 Floods in Banglade...

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1. Causes, Effects and Responses to the 1998 Floods in Bangladesh. By: Christina McConney MYP1 1

2. What are the Physical Causes of Flooding 2

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4. What are the Human Causes of Flooding 4

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7. Primary effects 1,070 people died because they drowned or they caught infectious diseases. 70% of the country was flooded People were being bitten by snakes because both humans and snakes looked for the same safe dwelling place. Crops and animals were dying which left the people with little food. 2 thirds of Dhaka (the capital city) was flooded 30 million people were left homeless Communications became difficult 7

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9. Secondary effects Lack of basic medical care 175 000 cases of serious diarrhoea Major food shortage No safe drinking water. Water supplies were contaminated by dead bodies of humans and animals. This spread diseases like Cholera and Typhoid. Little to no safe dwelling place. Snakebites Decrease in manufacturing Difficult communication 9

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12. Positive effects to flooding Along the way, the flood water picks up soil which it then spreads over the crops when it floods. This soil is rich in important nutrients which are needed for the people to grow their crops. The deposit of silt has also provided the people with more land to live on. 12

13. Longer term responses Millions of people were poisoned by Arsenic found in the contaminated flood waters. Eight million bore wells were dug and the sub soil water being pumped out showed to be the real culprit of Arsenic poisoning. UNESCO and WHO, learned about this poisoning and, decided to build fresh water wells so that the people won?t have to drink contaminated water. They were able to provide fresh drinking water to at least 80% of the people living there. The Bangladesh government was given ? 21 million by the UK government to help repair the damage from the flood. Water purification tablets were brought in by WHO ( world health organisation) 13

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15. Immediate responses International food aid programs were set up through out the flooded areas in Bangladesh. The government distributed free seeds to farmers to try and reduce the impact of food shortages. The government also gave 350,000 tones of cereal to feed the people that were affected. Volunteers and aid workers, worked to try and repair the damage that was caused by the flood. Water purification tablets were brought in by WHO ( world health organisation) after having enough money to get them. 15

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17. Long term responses 17

18. Bibliography Picture on slide 2: http://www.ifrc.org/what/disasters/images/about/p16204.jpg Map on slide 3: http://www.globalwarmingart.com/images/thumb/e/ef/Bangladesh_Sea_Level_Risks.png/300px-Bangladesh_Sea_Level_Risks.png Graph on slide 4: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Bangladesh Diagram on slide 5: http://science.jrank.org/article_images/science.jrank.org/deforestation-and-landscape.1.jpg Picture on slide 5: http://www.alphabetics.info/international/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/deforestation.gif Picture on slide 6: http://www.global-greenhouse-warming.com/images/BangladeshFlood2004.jpg Picture on slide 7: http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/rio_conventions_calendar/2005/image/pjpeg/rio_calendar2005_intro.jpg Picture on slide 8: http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/40425000/jpg/_40425043_floodsbody_afp.jpg Picture on slide 8: http://brucekekule.com/wp-content/gallery/the-west/king-cobra1-w.jpg 18

19. Bibliography Picture on slide 9: http://chandrashekharasandprints.wordpress.com/2009/11/20/poisoning-bangladesh/ Picture on slide 9: Picture: http://www.all-creatures.org/hope/gw/2004-09-13_Bangladesh_flood.jpg Picture on slide 11: http://access.nscpcdn.com/gallery/i/f/floods/lg5.jpg Picture on slide 11: http://pakistanisforpeace.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/shahid-khan-flood-victim.jpg Picture on slide 12: http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/faculty/hodgson/Courses/so191/Projects2010/Abena_Dickson/genderinequality%20(3).jpg Picture on slide 14: http://www.globalenvision.org/files/bangladesh%20water%20well.jpg Picture on slide 16: http://www.pplmotorhomes.com/parts/rv-pumps-water/drinking-water-purification-tablets.jpg Picture on slide 16: http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/2007/shelter_bangladesh.jpg 19

20. Bibliography http://geobytesgcse.blogspot.com/2006/12/flooding-in-ledc-1998-floods-in.html http://geobytesgcse.blogspot.com/2006/12/flooding-in-ledc-1998-floods-in.html http://hubpages.com/hub/Bangladesh-Floods-1998 http://www.slideshare.net/cheergalsal/flooding-in-bangladesh http://cgz.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cgz/accounts/staff/rchambers/GeoBytes/GCSE/Case%20Studies/Case%20Study.%20Flooding%20in%20Bangladesh.htm 20


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