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Development from the Bottom of the Pyramid: An Analysis of the Development Innovation Ventures Program. Julian Leland American Society of Mechanical Engineers Swarthmore College August 4 th , 2011. Outline. Definition Technology-Based Development Today Global Development Policy Directive

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Development from the Bottom of the Pyramid:An Analysis of the Development Innovation Ventures Program

Julian Leland

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Swarthmore College

August 4th, 2011


Outline
Outline

  • Definition

  • Technology-Based Development Today

    • Global DevelopmentPolicy Directive

    • Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) Program

  • Problems in Technology-Based Development

    • Current Funding Climate

  • Policy Recommendations


Definition
Definition

  • Technology-Based Development

    • Achievement of development outcomes through innovative technological means

    • Not basic science research

    • Emphasis on producing immediate development outcomes

    • Targeting Individuals

    • Targeting the “bottom of the pyramid” (BOP)


Definition1
Definition

  • Why technology-based development?

    • Leverage of existing technologies (cellphones)

Kickstart Super Moneymaker Pump

LifeStraw Water Filter Pen

Nokero N100 Solar Bulb

http://si.wsj.net/public/resources/images/PD-AA003_STRAW_20080616161258.jpg

http://www.skipumps.com/images/moneymaker-1.png

http://listverse.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/nokeron100-light-bulb-small.jpg?w=196&h=350


Technology based development today
Technology-Based Development Today

  • The Global Development Policy Directive

    • Emphasis on Science, Technology and Innovation in Development

      “In FY 2012, in support of the President’s Global Development Policy, the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) will enhance the use of science, technology, and innovation to achieve global development goals.”


Technology based development today1
Technology-Based Development Today

  • Programs at USAID

    • The DIV Program

http://www.usaid.gov/div/model.html


Evaluation
Evaluation

  • Methodology

    • Interviews

      • Technology-Based Development Practitioners

      • Funding Organizations

      • Relevant Experts

      • Government Representatives


Evaluation1
Evaluation

  • Current Funding Climate: Public Funding

    • Excludes DIV

    • Problems

      • Grants are limited in applicability

      • Grant-making process is resource-intensive, inflexible and slow


Evaluation2
Evaluation

  • Current Funding Climate: Private Funding

    • Problems

      • Not enough money at the bottom


Evaluation3
Evaluation

  • Current Funding Climate: DIV


Evaluation4
Evaluation

  • Other Notes

    • Implementing programs takes time – level of scaling is not feasible

    • Visibility is important


Recommendations
Recommendations

  • Short Term:

    • Keep funding focused on Tier 1

    • Increase visibility of DIV program

    • Modify definition of “innovative” programs

      • Support for non-internet & communications technology (ICT)/business programs

      • Increase emphasis on sustainability of solutions


Recommendations1
Recommendations

  • Long Term

    • Create small-scale funding opportunities

    • Pursue alternative grant systems for small grants

      • Facilitate crowdsourced funding for small grants

      • Low/zero-interest loans

      • Low overhead traditional grants

    • Pursue intergovernmental partnerships to leverage other government assets


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Thanks to…

    • WISE: Melissa Carl, Sandy Yeigh, fellow WISE interns

    • Noha El-Ghobashy, Ian Hoffbeck, Jeff Brown, Hillary Chen, John Buydos

    • Interviewees at organizations

      Questions?


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