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3/30/12. Name 3 things that can influence your food choices. (What you eat, when you eat or how much you eat.) vs.vs. 4/16/12. How can you eat healthy but still enjoy some of your favorite foods that might not be so good for you?. Why do people eat?

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3 30 12

3/30/12

Name 3 things that can influence your food choices.

(What you eat, when you eat or how much you eat.)

vs.vs.


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4/16/12

How can you eat healthy but still enjoy some of your favorite foods that might not be so good for you?


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Why do people eat?

Think of a food that you ate in the last 24 hours. Write it down.

  • Why did you choose to eat?

  • Why did you choose that particular food?

    • Write your answers.


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Do you usually eat because you are hungry or because you have an appetite?

Hunger is the natural physical drive that protects you from starvation.

Appetite is a psychological desire rather than a need to eat.


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With the person sitting next to you, list 5 emotions that sometimes cause people to eat.

What is “mindless” eating?

Give an example.

Are these reactions hunger or appetite?


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With the person sitting next to you, list 5 emotions that sometimes cause people to eat.

What is “mindless” eating?

Give an example.

Are these reactions hunger or appetite?


Food your environment

Food & Your Environment

  • Family & Culture

  • Friends

  • Time & Money

  • Advertising

    With the person sitting next to you come up with 2 ways that each of these influence your eating behaviors.


Check this out

Check this out!

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fUjz_eiIX8k


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Nutrition

Good Nutrition =

Healthy Body =

Lifelong Health

Reduces Risks of:

StrokeCardiovascular Disease

OsteoporosisCancersDiabetes


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4/17 /12

What does your ideal meal include? Is this different from what you think is a healthy meal? How?


Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-oaepPms0I&feature=channel


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Nutrition

Nutrition is the process by which the body takes in and uses food.

Calories or (Kcal) Kilocalories, are units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.


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Nutrients are the substance in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself and to supply you with energy.


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6 Essential Nutrients

The 6 Essential Nutrients fulfill 3 main functions for the body.

Provide Energy

Build and repair body tissue

Regulate Body Processes


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The 6 Essential Nutrients are

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Fats

Vitamins

Minerals

Water


6 essential nutrients activity

6 Essential Nutrients Activity

Textbook

Groups


Q o d 4 18 12

Q.O.D. : 4/18/12

  • Why is it so important to watch what you eat/carefully make your food selection?


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Carbohydrates

  • Are the major source of energy for the body.

    Fiber –indigestible complex carbohydrates.

    Helps to reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer and diabetes

  • Most carbohydrates come from plants.


Carb s cont

Carb’s, cont.

  • Starches and sugars found in foods are the main source of carbohydrates in the body.

    2 Types

    Simple carbohydrates are sugars.

    Complex carbohydrates are starches.

Which is which?


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Proteins

Proteins help build and maintain body cells and tissues.

Proteins can be found in animal

products and plants.

As Americans we eat too many proteins.

Are made up of amino acids.


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FATS

Fats are a type of lipid, a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water.

Fats are the most concentrated form of food energy.

Fats are the most efficient way for the body to store energy.


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FATS, cont.

Fats add texture and flavor to food.

Fats are necessary for growth and healthy skin.

In excess fats can lead to heart disease and cancer.


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3 Types of Fats

Polysaturated fat is a healthier fat to consume. It lowers blood cholesterol levels.

Monosaturated fat has no effect on the blood cholesterol level.


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3 Types of Fats

Saturated fat is found in animal products, elevates blood cholesterol levels.

Cholesterol is a fatty compound in the blood that is also found in deposits on the walls of arteries.

High cholesterol levels can lead to clogged arteries, heart disease and stroke.


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Vitamins

Vitamins are compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients.


2 types of vitamins

2 Types of Vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins

  • are transported and stored by the body’s fat cells and liver

  • stored in the body for longer periods of time, sometimes months

  • examples Vitamin A, D, E, & K


2 types of vitamins cont

2 Types of Vitamins, cont.

Water-soluble vitamins

  • dissolve in water and pass easily into the blood

  • body does not store these so a person need to replenish regularly

  • examples are Vitamin C & B-complexes


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Minerals

Minerals are substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes.


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The body’s most abundant mineral is calcium. Not enough calcium in the body can lead to osteoporosis.

Examples: Calcium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Iron,


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Water

Water serves as transportation for other nutrients.

It helps rid the body of wastes and control body temperature.

Dehydration is when your body lacks enough water to function properly.

Without water your body will NOT function.


Activity directions

Activity Directions

With your learning partner.

One partner does across answers, the other does down.

When you have finished your part of the puzzle, you may share your answers with your partner.

All of the information was discussed in class. You may use your notes in case you need help with the information.

Complete for homework if you do not finish in class.


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4/19/12

  • Describe your favorite food (smell, taste, appearance, etc.) .


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http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18560_162-57330816/the-flavorists-tweaking-tastes-and-creating-cravings/?tag=contentMain;contentBody

http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=food+revolution+james+oliver&view=detail&mid=2424BB2FD28AB3CF8C262424BB2FD28AB3CF8C26&first=0&FORM=LKVR&adlt=strict


Review

Review

  • 3 main functions of the 6 essential nutrients are:

    • Provide Energy

    • Build and repair body tissue

    • Regulate Body Processes

  • 6 essentials nutrients are: ___?


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Dietary Guidelines

Set of recommendations for healthful eating and active living.

Grouped into 3 areas known as the ABC’s of good health


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Dietary Guidelines

Following the guidelines can help lower your risk of the following diseases.

Heart disease Diabetes

High cholesterol Obesity

High blood pressure


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A = Aim for Fitness

A from ABC’s deals with fitness goals.

In order to improve or maintain fitness;

Aim for a healthy weight.

Be physically active each day.


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B = Build a Healthy Base

B from ABC’s deals with building a healthy eating plan.

Make your food choices carefully.

Choose a variety of grain products, especially whole grains.

Choose a variety of fruit and vegetables daily.

Keep food safe to eat.


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C = Choose Sensibly

C from ABC’s involves making sensible food choices.

Choose a diet that;

Is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat.

Includes beverages and foods that do not contain a lot of sugar.

Consists of food that has less salt.


Dietary guidelines

Dietary Guidelines

Get most out of what you eat by eating nutrient dense foods.

Nutrient-dense: foods that have a high ratio of nutrients to calories.

Ex. Carrot vs. Potato Chip

Even if you are eating right you can still become overweight.

Don’t forget to AIM FOR FITNESS.


Bmi body mass index

BMI (Body Mass Index)

BMI is a measure of your body in relation to your height.

BMI Formula

(first convert height to inches and weight to lbs)

W (lbs)/ H (inch)

H (inch)

X 703


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Caloric Needs

First Find Your BMR (Basil Metabolic Rate)

Women

BMR = 655+ (4.35 x weight in lbs) + (4.7 x height) – (4.7 x age)

Men

BMR = 655+ (6.23 x weight in lbs) + (12.7 x height) – (6.8 x age)


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Caloric Needs

Multiply BMR by your Activity Level. Choose one from below.

If you are Sedentary (little or no exercise)

= BMR x 1.2

If you are lightly active or sports 1-3 days/week)

= BMR x 1.375

If you are moderately active exercise/sports 3-5 days/week)= BMR x 1.55

If you are very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) = BMR x 1.725


Video

Video?

“Heavy”


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4/20/12

  • Making a Menu

    • Shopping

    • Planning a menu

    • Creating that menu


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4/23/12

  • MyPyramid Activity

    • Diet Analysis


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4/24/12

Food Labels – QOD (see next slide)


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Food Labels

Besides excessive weight and eating disorders, what other health problems are associated with food?

We get essential information from food labels. Do you ever look at food labels? What do you look for?


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RDA

RDA = Recommended Daily Allowances

This is the amount of nutrients needed each day by most healthy people.


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Percent Daily Values are percentages that are based on the RDA.

Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calories per day diet.

Each day a person should consume;

Less than 65 grams of fat

Less than 2400 mg of sodium

Less than 300 mg of cholesterol


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What you can find on a label...

  • The name of the food product.

  • The amount of food in the package.

  • The name and address of the company that makes, packages, or distributes the product.

  • The ingredients in the food.

  • The nutritional facts panel.


Food labels

Food Labels

Activity : Comparing food labels


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Food Guide Pyramid

Food Guide Pyramid is an outline of what to eat each day to maintain a healthy, balanced diet.

What is on the food pyramid?

serving sizes

pictures of foods

types of foods

A serving size is a measurement of food.


The old pyramid

The Old Pyramid


The new pyramid 2010

The New Pyramid (2010)


Myplate

MyPlate


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4/25/12


Video1

Video

  • Jamie Oliver –Food Revolution


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4/26/12

School Day SAT…4 students


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4/27/12

  • Mr. Baker presentation

  • School menu analysis

  • Create your own school menu /personal eating plan

    • Individually

    • Pairs

  • Fast Food


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Pretend that we have permission to eat our lunch today at either McDonalds, Wendy’s, Burger King or Kentucky Fried Chicken.

QOD 4/30/12

What restaurant would you choose?

List what you would order, list all the items and their size.


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FAST FOOD

Reasons why fast food restaurants are popular.

Time

Convenience

Taste


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Problems

Problems with eating too many fast food meals.

ExpensiveDo not provide energyHigh in fat, calories, sodiumCan cause obesity and disease


Diet related health problems

Diet Related Health Problems

Heart Disease

High Blood Pressure

Obesity

Diabetes


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RDA

RDA = Recommended Daily Allowances

This is the amount of nutrients needed each day by most healthy people.


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Percent Daily Values are percentages that are based on the US RDA.

Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calories per day diet.

Each day a person should consume;

Less than 65 grams of fat

Less than 2400 mg of sodium

Less than 300 mg of cholesterol


Fast food choices

Fast Food Choices

Restaurant ___________Group # ______ Speaker _______


Activity instructions

Activity Instructions

  • In groups of 2, pick 4 meals from 4 different fast food restaurants.

  • Fill out a worksheet for each.


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Fast Food Activity

http://eatthis.menshealth.com/home


5 1 12

5/1/12

Food, Inc.


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