Status of queen conch fisheries in the caribbean netherlands
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Status of Queen Conch fisheries in The Caribbean Netherlands. Panama 23-25 October 2012 Pieter van Baren. The Caribbean Netherlands. Recent constitutional change 10-10-2010 Netherlands Antilles dissolved Bonaire, Saba & Sint Eustatius become special municipalities.

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Status of queen conch fisheries in the caribbean netherlands

Status of Queen Conch fisheries in The Caribbean Netherlands

Panama 23-25 October 2012

Pieter van Baren


The caribbean netherlands
The Caribbean Netherlands

  • Recent constitutional change

  • 10-10-2010 Netherlands Antilles dissolved

  • Bonaire, Saba & Sint Eustatius become special municipalities




The caribbean netherlands3
The Caribbean Netherlands

  • There are 2 governmental layers (national & island)

  • The islands are responsible for fisheries in territorial waters

  • The national government is responsible for fisheries in the EEZ

  • National legislation on Queen Conch which applies on all 3 islands

  • Each island has its own legislation

  • Saba is the only island with specific fishery legislation. Bonaire and St. Eustatius have incorporated their fishery legislation into the marine environment ordinances

  • No data on landings, abundance or catch effort

  • Enforcement has always been a problem on these islands


The caribbean netherlands4
The Caribbean Netherlands

The national legislation concerning Queen Conch

  • CITES

    Fishery legislation BES

  • For everyone in the fishing zone, and the license holders in the territorial sea, prohibited to fish for:

    a. sea snails belonging to the species Strombusgigas of less than 18 cm in length; in the case that sea snails have already been removed from their shell, the minimum weight of the meat should be 225g;


Bonaire
Bonaire

  • Queen Conch legally protected since 1985

  • Stock currently too low to allow a fishery

  • Legislation was not enforced until the mid-1990’s

  • In 2005 the enforcement was stepped up

  • Since August of 2010 start of a 3 year Conch restoration project

  • Establishing a baseline of abundance & reproduction

  • Building relationship with local fishermen

  • Building awareness


Bonaire1
Bonaire

Bonaire Marine Environment Ordinance

  • 1. It is prohibited to collect conch without a permit from the Executive Council. The permit will be issued with conditions set by the Marine Environment Commission

  • 2. The maximum number of permits will be set by the Island Resolution Containing General Provisions under advice from the Marine Environment Commission

  • 3. By the Island Resolution Containing General Provisions further conditions may be set on the conch fishery

  • Current moratorium on permits

  • Poaching is a big problem


Saba

  • Currently no commercial fishing for Queen Conch

  • Historically supported large conch fisheries until mid 1990’s

  • Intensive & unsustainable fishing during mid 1980’s

  • Decline of the stock on the Saba Bank

  • Severely overfished by foreign vessels

  • Coastguard enforcing legislation since 1996

  • Saba Bank source of larval recruitment for entire region

  • Moratorium on commercial harvesting of conch

  • Permits being requested for the Saba Bank

  • Saba island government indicated the wish to establish the Saba Bank as a conch reserve

  • Present & future


Saba

Marine Environment Ordinance Saba

  • The collection of sea snails (conch) in the marine park is only allowed in accordance with the following provisions:

  • (a) It is forbidden to catch conch using scuba or Hookah equipment,

  • (b) It is forbidden to catch conch smaller than 19 cm (7,5 inches) or conch which do not have a well developed lip,

  • (c) It is prohibited to take more than 20 conch per person per year,

  • (d) The collection of conch is only for private use and consumption,

  • (e) It is prohibited for non-inhabitants which are not Saban to catch conch,

  • (f) Persons who collect conch must report their catch at once to the manager of the Statia Marine Park.


St eustatius
St. Eustatius

  • Since 10-10-2010 no export of conch

  • 2 fishermen fishing for conch

  • Fishing with scuba at a depth of 30 to 40 m

  • open boats (20 & 28ft) with outboard engines

  • illegal poaching in the marine park

  • both fishers have had the bends

  • Present: data monitoring (conch survey)

  • Future: fishery ordinance with quota system for conch


St eustatius1
St. Eustatius

Marine Environment Ordinance St. Eustatius

  • (a) The collection of sea snails (conch) in the marine park is only allowed in accordance with the following provisions:

  • (b) It is forbidden to catch sea snails using scuba or Hookah equipment,

  • (c) It is forbidden to catch sea snails smaller than 19 cm (7,5 inches) or sea snails which do not have a well developed lip,

  • (d) It is prohibited to take more than 20 conch per person per year,

  • (e) The collection of conch is only for private use and consumption,

  • (f) Persons who collect conch must report their catch at once to the manager of the Statia Marine Park.


Conch

lasers

camera

..Conch...

2012 St Eustatius

2013 Saba Bank



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