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Moldova's R&D programs competition system, state of the art and future developments. Vasile GRAMA, Director of the Center for Fundamental and Applied Research Funding of Moldova (CFCFA) http://cfcfa.asm.md. 17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine. CONTENT. Historic Background

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Moldova's R&D

programs competition system,

state of the art and future developments

Vasile GRAMA,

Director of the Center for Fundamental and Applied Research Funding of Moldova (CFCFA)http://cfcfa.asm.md

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


CONTENT

  • Historic Background

  • Today nationals funding programs,

  • Competition system – accessibility and transparency,

  • Problems,

  • Needs,

  • Online submission,

  • Future agenda.

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


Republic of Moldova –

Research & Development

  • Total area – 33,7 thousand km²

  • Capital – Chisinau

  • Population: 3,4 million

  • Research Institutes: 31

  • Universities (acred for R&D): 13

  • Science and Technology Parks: 3

  • Innovation Incubators 7

  • Investment in R&D: 0,4 of GDP (2012)

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


Historic Background

  • 1991 - Declaration of Independence of the Rep. of Moldova;

  • Moldova inherited advanced Research Infrastructure, with more than 100 research institutions;

  • State Policies implemented immediately after 1991 din not encourage development of the R&D sector in Moldova:

    • 1991 - establishment of the Ministry of Science and Education of Moldova

    • During 1994 – 1998 the role of science has significantly diminished

    • In 1998 Ministry of Education and Research was reestablished

    • In the 2001-2004 timeframe, the Government of Moldova din not have a specialized structure dealing with R&D policy

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


Historic Background

comparative analysis

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


Historic Background

  • Science Reform in Moldova- Adoption of the Code on Science and Innovation by the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova (July 15, 2004);

  • Agreement between the Academy of Sciences and the Government of the RM;

  • New principle - financing of science on competitive basis.

  • R&D scientific priorities adopted by the Parliament.

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


The association of RM to FP7

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


R&D support infrastructures

(auxiliary institutions)

  • Advisory Expertise Council (2004);

  • Agency for Innovation and Technology Transfer (2007);

  • Center for International Projects (2009);

  • Center for Fundamental and Applied Research Funding of Moldova (2012).

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


The main aim/mission

Distinct delimitation between policy making bodies and between the executive bodies (with responsibility for policy implementation)

To support and stimulate the national scientific community by applying a competitive system, in strict compliance with the legal frame of the RM

17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


The Advisory Expertise Council

Creating in 2004

  • Major goal – promotion of excellence research.

  • 1. Evaluation of project proposals received within the competitions launched by ASM with funding from the State Budget, such as:

  • State Programs;

  • National research infrastructure support program;

    • Young scientists support program;

      • Scientific events support program;

        • Bilateral and multilateral projects;

          • Technology transfer projects.

    • 2. Evaluation activity via local peer review – most projects. Limited involvement of international experts.

  • 17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    AEC Advisory Board

    AEC staff

    7

    20

    500

    The Advisory Expertise Council

    • Selection of evaluators

    • On the recommendation of the relevant Advisory Board members (research field related), the AEC staff selects two evaluators for each national project.

    • AEC expert database represents an input for this step. The decision is taken basing on the narrow specialization data of evaluators.

    • 2. The expert is contacted by AEC staff and project summary is submitted. The selected expert decides either to evaluate or not the submitted project. On his approval, the integral project is submitted.

    • 3. AEC concludes a written contract with each evaluator. He is paid for his services.

    • 4. Evaluators are being evaluated by AEC according to a special procedure.

    Expert database

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    INNOVATION

    ACADEMIA

    Added Value

    Economic Competitiveness

    BUISSNESS

    AITT

    AITT

    AITT

    MISSION:

    Coordinate, stimulate and implement mechanisms in the field of the technology transfer in RM.

    RESPONSIBILITY:

    to administrate the Project Management Cycle (PMC) concerning technology transfer

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Center for International Projects (CIP)

    (created in 2008)

    Main duties

    • Promotes and manages bilateral and multilateral programs in science and innovation;

    • Provides managerial, technical, informational to Moldovan scientific community

    • Serves as a Host Institution of the Moldovan FP7 National Contact Points Network;

    • Supports and coordinates the activity of:

      • Moldovan Office for Science and Technology, Brussels;

      • Official Representatives and National Experts in the FP7 Program Committees.

    • Manages the activity of EURAXESS service in Moldova etc.

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Bilateral cooperation framework

    In responsibility of (CIP)

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Cooperation on the multilateral level

    In responsibility of (CIP)

    15

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Center for Fundamental and Applied

    Research Funding of Moldova

    (CFCFA)

    Established in June 2012

    CFCFA is the responsible institution to assure all steps of project life cycle for the national programs

    funded from the State Budget

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Type of programs (calls)

    • Fundamental and applied projects for R&D organizations (Institutional support program);

    • State programs;

    • Young scientists support program;

    • National research infrastructure support program;

    • Scientific events support program;

    • Scientific publications support program.

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Main duties

    • Call announcement;

    • Preparation of information package, information campaigns;

    • Call milestones;

    • Online submission system – management and back-office;

    • Proposal validation;

    • Grant agreement, Contract drafting and signing;

    • Performance monitoring;

    • Project results assessment;

    • Results dissemination

    • Reports etc.

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Project management cycle

    (AITT, CIP, CFCFA)

    Responsible organization

    Step

    Definition of strategic priorities/policies

    Decision making body

    SCSTD/ASM

    Center for B&ARF(CFCFA)

    Launching project calls

    Center for Int. Projects

    Agency for I &TT

    Proposals evaluation

    AEC

    Research units

    Running the projects

    Responsable units

    Projects monitoring

    SCSTD

    Macro monitoring

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Project life cycle

    CSŞDT

    CSŞDT

    AITT

    AEC

    AEC

    CIP

    Decides about Call announcement

    CFCFA

    Project life cycle

    AEC

    Manager

    Program manager

    Project Manager

    Project Manager

    AEC

    Manager

    Program

    coordinator

    Finance Manager

    Project Manager

    Activity

    indicators

    Results

    dissemination

    Results

    dissemination

    Projects

    approval

    Proposal

    application

    Proposals

    Evaluation

    Contracting

    Execution,

    Management

    Results

    evaluation

    Call

    announcement

    Proposals

    reception

    Reporting

    Final report

    CONTEST

    /Disproof

    Project

    Coordinator

    Project Coordinator

    Experts

    Projects

    Cordinator

    Project

    Coordinator

    Project

    Coordinator

    Experts

    Project Coordinator

    Final report

    Publications

    Evalualuation

    fiche

    Financing contract

    Intermediate

    report

    Results

    Evaluation

    fiche

    Approved

    projects

    Application form


    Problems

    • Still high phenomenon - Brain Drain;

    • Quite difficult and sophisticated procedures for applying project proposals (ex. estimations of expenditure);

    • Quite low level of IT use (Online submission system – management and back-office - bad working);

    • Low level of working experiences for staff (particularly for CFCFA);

    • Low level of connections between research institutes, universities and private companies;

    • In today Government Program, R&D is not in list of National priorities (politicians are unsatisfied for R&D outcomes);

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Problems

    (cont.)

    • Low transparency in PMC (conflict of interest in the distribution of money);

    • National R&D has conservative character (connection between R&D units and public authorities - low levels);

    • Still quite low level of participations of the national R&D units in developing of the international projects proposal (co-funding - is not guaranteed)

    • Enough money (public) for quality support of R&D etc.

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Needs

    • Develop new funding programs:

      • Cooperation (mandatory to have consortium at least between one unit from research institute, university and private company – 40 % of R&D budget);

      • Capacity support programs:

        • R&D infrastructures;

        • Ensuring of the co-financing for the approved international projects;

        • Young scientists support;

        • Scientific events support;

        • Mobility support (from brain drain to brain mobility) etc.

      • program for the fundamental research (applications in English – external evaluations);

    • Increasing the building capacity of the staff for executive institutions (joint projects …)

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Future tasks

    • Clarity and simplification of procedures for project submission (information package - similar forms for submission of international projects);

    • Fostering the international standards for implementing of evaluation system for R&D activities;

    • Opening and international relations development with similar institutions;

    • Improvement of national legal aspects of calls and projects management;

    • Development of a sustainable e-platform for calls and projects management etc.

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


    Thank you for your attention !

    http://cfcfa.asm.md

    [email protected]

    17-18 April, 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine


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