Fungi: Molds and Yeasts. Types of Fungi. Yeast: unicellular Molds: multicellular. Molds. The cells are filamentous structures called hyphae (singular = hypha). Hyphae are little tubes.
Cleistothecium (enclosed fruiting body)
Ascus with ascospores
(asexual spore; a type of conidiospore)
Aspergilloma (Fungus balls)
Basidiomycota are mushrooms which are either edible or deadly. The species agaricus is the edible “Button mushroom” in stores.
The species amanita is deadly and produces a mycotoxin called phaloidin (damages liver).
The species psilocibe (called “magic mushrooms”) produces a mycotoxin called psilocybin, which is a hallucinogen like LSD.
Filobasidella (Cryptococcus) neoformans
Diagnosis of Dermatophytes
1. Yellow fluorescence with Wood\'s lamp
2. KOH wet mount
Oral Medicines if topicals don’t work