Criminal justice process sentencing and corrections
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Criminal Justice Process: Sentencing and Corrections. CLJ M. Teal. Vocabulary. Presentence report Capital punishment Aggravating circumstances Mitigating circumstances.

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Presentation Transcript

Vocabulary
Vocabulary

  • Presentence report

  • Capital punishment

  • Aggravating circumstances

  • Mitigating circumstances



Sentencing options
Sentencing Options the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  • Most criminal statutes set out basic guidelines for sentencing, but judges generally have considerable say in determining the appropriate sentence for a defendant.

  • Judges may have several options for sentencing.

    • suspending the sentence

    • Probation

    • Home confinement

    • restitution

    • Work release

    • Imprisonment

    • death


Three strikes law
Three Strikes Law the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJotrsvQbNU


Purposes of punishment
Purposes of Punishment the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  • There are four general reasons given for punishing convicted defendants—retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and incapacitation.

  • Retribution is the idea that punishment should involve some form of payback ("an eye for an eye").

  • Deterrence is the concept that punishment will discourage others from engaging in future criminal activities.

  • Rehabilitation is the idea that time in prison will allow the prisoner to change his or her ways and learn how to function as a productive member of society.

  • Incapacitation removes the individual from society in order to make the community safe from the threat he or she posed.


Parole
Parole the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  • Parole is the release of a convicted person from prison before his or her entire sentence has been served.

  • Parole is a privilege granted to those convicts who seem to have reformed and appear ready to rejoin society.


Capital punishment
Capital Punishment the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  • Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a highly controversial topic.

  • The Supreme Court has upheld the constitutionality of capital punishment under certain circumstances.


Death penalty for mentally disabled
Death Penalty for Mentally Disabled the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ndtsLLsprIc


Corrections
Corrections the sentencing of a guilty defendant by either a judge or a jury.

  •  There are several treatment and punishment options available to the government, including halfway houses, mental facilities, and prisons.

  • Some aspects of the correctional system also focus on preparing the prisoner to re-enter society.


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