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Introduction To Biology. What is Biology?. Biology is the study of life It is not only life, but also the study of interactions that occur between organisms and the environment. Organism: “living thing”. How do we determine what life is?. Where do you think new life comes from?.

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What is biology
What is Biology?

  • Biology is the study of life

  • It is not only life, but also the study of interactions that occur between organisms and the environment.

  • Organism: “living thing”


How do we determine what life is
How do we determine what life is?

Where do you think new life comes from?

Does it arise spontaneously?


To be considered life all things must have these four characteristics
To be considered life…ALL things must have these four characteristics

  • Orderly Structure

  • Must be able to grow and develop

  • Adjust to changes in the environment

  • Produce offspring


1 orderly structure
1. Orderly Structure characteristics

  • Means there is organization

  • Whether an organism is made up of 1 or many cells, all of its parts must function as a whole

  • Every living thing, whether single or multi-cellular, is made up of parts that function together in orderly living systems.


2 grow and develop
2. Grow and Develop characteristics

  • Growth

    • means that there is an increase in the amount of living material

  • Develop

    • All of the changes that take place during the life of an organism


3 adjust to changes in the environment
3. Adjust to changes in the environment characteristics

  • Environment

    • The surroundings in which an organism lives

  • Organisms must respond according to the environments stimuli:

    • Stimulus: Anything that causes an organism to react

    • Response: A reaction to stimulus


The ultimate goal
The ultimate goal…. characteristics

  • The ultimate goal of an organisms is to reach homeostasis.

  • Homeostasis: When the regulation of an organisms internal environment maintains conditions suitable for survival.

  • Examples: Drinking enough water to not be thirsty….or producing enough heat be comfortable in ones environment.


Adaptation
Adaptation characteristics

  • Animals come to adapt to their environment.

  • Adaptations are inherited traits from previous generations that allow an organism to better survive its environments.

  • Example:

    • Grasshoppers grow wings if

      food becomes scarce.

    • Polar bears have hollow hair

      to increase warmth.


4 produce offspring
4. Produce Offspring characteristics

  • Reproduction

    • Is the process by which living organisms produce offspring.

    • Organisms don’t live forever, and in order to survive and continue they must produce offspring.

  • Organisms can only produce like offspring.

    • ELEPHANTS CAN’T MAKE CHICKEN BABIES!!!


How do biologists study organisms
How do Biologists study organisms? characteristics

Biologists use scientific method--

  • 1. Observation

  • 2. Forming Hypothesis

    • a testable explanation

  • 3. Collecting Data

    • Data comes from both investigation and experimentation.


How do biologists study organisms1
How do Biologists study organisms? characteristics

  • 4. Forming a theory

    • A theory is a hypothesis agreed on by many scientists

  • 5. Revising a theory

    • A law is a scientific theory that is commonly accepted as fact.


Data can be two things
Data can be two things characteristics

  • Qualitative

    • Written descriptions or

      observational data

  • Quantitative

    • Numerical data


What is the goal of science
What is the goal of science? characteristics

  • To be caretakers of the environment and all organisms

  • To improve life by improving technology

    • Technology: the application of scientific research to society’s needs and problems.

  • We all have an ethical responsibility to ensure science and technology is used properly.


What is the goal of science1
What is the goal of science? characteristics

  • What other goals are present?

  • How has science improved your life?


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