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Obesity tests PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Weight loss and overweight conditions. Tips and reading materials on weight loss diet, weight loss food plan provided to boost physical fitness awareness.

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Weight loss

WEIGHT LOSS

Obesity Tests


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WEIGHT LOSS

Obesity Tests

  • A person is said to be overweight when he is having more body fat than is ideal for his  good physical shape. Being overweight is normal particularly where nourishment supplies are plentiful and ways of life are inactive.

  • Persons who do not take up sufficient physical activity or exercise for weight loss cannot burn the excess fat accumulated on their body.

  • Overabundance weight has reached a dangerously expanding stage all around the world. The number of obesity victims doubled in the past ten years over all age groups.


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  • A sound body requires a base measure of fat for the appropriate working of the hormonal, regenerative, and immune systems, for protecting as a shock absorber for delicate areas, and as vitality for future use.

  • In any case, the amassing of an excess of body fat can weaken development, the flexibility of movement and change the physical appearance of the body.


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Categorization

  • How much a man is overweight is for the most part portrayed by body mass index, generally called as BMI. Overweight is characterized as a BMI of 25 or more, in this way it is expressed pre-heftiness characterized as a BMI somewhere around 25 and 30 and stoutness as characterized by a BMI of 30 or more.

  • Pre hefty and overweight, however, are regularly used interchangeably, consequently giving overweight a typical meaning of a BMI of between 25 - 30.There are however a few other basic approaches to quantify the measure of excess fat or fat present in an individual's body.


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Body mass Index

  • The body mass index, generally known as BMI has used a measure of a person’s weight considering his tallness. It is given by the equation: BMI is a measure of a man's weight in kilograms divided by the square of the tallness in meters. The units hence are kg/m2 yet BMI measures are regularly used and composed without units.

  • BMI gives an essentially more precise representation of body fat content than just measuring a man's weight. It is just fairly connected with both body fat percentage and body fat mass.

  • It doesn't consider certain elements, for example, pregnancy or weight training; though, the BMI is a precise impression of the fat rate in most of the grown-up populace.


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Simple weighing

  • The individual's weight is measured and compared with an expected perfect weight. This is the simplest and most normal strategy, but it is not accurate, as it just measures one aspect that is weight and does not consider various other elements, for example, stature, body type, and relative measure of muscle mass.

    Body volume Index

  • The body volume Index popularly known as BVI was invented in 2000 as a computerized measurement, as opposed to manual way of testing, for estimating the obesity of human body and it is considered another option to the BMI


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  • Body volume list utilizes 3D programming to make a precise 3D picture of a man so BVI can differentiate between individuals with the same BMI rating, however, who have a different shape and different weight dispersion.

  • BVI measures where a man's weight and the fat are situated on the body, as opposed to aggregate weight or aggregate fat stuff and spots weight carried around the waist, generally known as central heftiness.

  • There has been an acknowledgment as of late that stomach fat and weight around the waist constitute a more noteworthy wellbeing risk.


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Skin fold calipers

  • The skin at a few particular points on the body is squeezed and the thickness of the subsequent fold is measured. This gauges the thickness of the layers of fat situated under the skin, from which a general estimation of the aggregate sum of fat in the body is estimated.

  • This technique can be sensibly accurate for some individuals, however, it expects specific fat circulation designs over the body—which may not apply to all people, and does not represent fat stores not specifically under the skin.

  •  Additionally, as the estimation and investigation by and large includes a high level of practice and understanding, an accurate result can be expected only from an expert in this field.


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Hydrostatic weighing

  • Hydrostatic weighing is considered one of the most precise strategies for measuring body fat, this system includes complete submersion of a man in the water, with special equipment to quantify the individual's weight while submerged. This weight is then evaluated with the weight as weighed up outside the water to decide general body density.

  • As fat is less dense than muscle, vigilant use of this method can give a sensible close gauge of fat substance in the body. This strategy does, on the other hand, require costly particular equipment and trained experts to conduct it professionally.


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Bioelectrical impedance investigation

  • A little electric current is passed through the body to quantify its electrical resistance. As fat and muscle conduct power in a different way, this technique can give an immediate estimation of the body fat percentage, in connection to muscle mass.

  • In the past, this method could be performed dependably only by trained experts with specific equipment , however, it is presently possible to purchase home testing packs that let individuals do this without anyone else's help with minimum training.

  • In spite of the development and effortlessness of this procedure throughout the years, various components can influence the outcomes, together with hydration and body temperature, so it should be carefully monitored when taking the test to assure that the results are precise.


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Dual-energy X-ray (DEXA)

  • Initially created to gauge bone thickness, DEXA imaging is additionally used to closely decide body fat content by utilizing the density of different body tissues to identify which segments of the body are fat.

  • This test is by and large viewed as extremely precise, yet requires a lot of costly equipment and trained experts to perform the test.

  • The most well-known strategy for examining this subject and the one utilized fundamentally by scientists and advisory establishments is BMI. Description of what is viewed as overweight differs by ethnicity.


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  • It is proposed that the heftiness of all groups belonging to a different demographic is a BMI of 30 or more.

  • BMI, nevertheless, does not account extremes of bulk; it is influenced by some uncommon hereditary elements, the exceptionally youthful, and a couple of other individual varieties.

  • Along these lines, it is possible for people with a BMI of fewer than 25 to have excess body fat, while others may have a BMI that is altogether higher without falling into this category of overweight. Some of the above techniques for deciding body fat are more exact than BMI.


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  • On the off chance that an individual is overweight and has an abundance of body fat it could, however, will not always, make or direct to wellbeing dangers.

  •  It is reported that, being somewhat overweight to marginally stout – BMI being somewhere around 24 and 31.9 – might be really rewarding and that individuals with BMI somewhere around 24 and 31.9 could actually live longer than people with typical weight or underweight.


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Wellbeing impacts

  • While the negative wellbeing results connected with heftiness are acknowledged inside the medicinal group, the wellbeing implications of the overweight classification are more disputable. Generally accepted view is that that being overweight makes similar wellbeing issues to obesity, yet to a lesser degree.

  • A study related to obesity and heart diseases observed that being overweight at age 40 decreased their life by three years.

  • Astonishingly another report found that, however, the death rate for people who are named overweight may really be lower than for those with a perfect weight.

  • Being overweight has been distinguished as a reason for cancer.

  • Mental prosperity is likewise at danger in the overweight individual because of social isolation. However, youngsters less than eight years old are ordinarily not affected.


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Causes

  • Being overweight is, for the most part, brought about by the admission of more calories, by consuming eatables and drinks and burning or expending less calorie by the way of physical action and body exercise as an attempt to weight loss.

  • The excess calorie is accumulated in the body in the form of fat. Components that may add to this unevenness include:

  • Overeating

  • Eating scatters, for example, voraciously consuming food

  • Stress

  • Hormonal irregular characteristics

  • Limited physical activity and stationary way of life


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  • Smoking suspension and other stimulant withdrawal

  • By taking poor quality food stuff results in overweight.

  • Alcoholism

  • Genetic preference

  • Insufficient sleep or improper body rest

  • Psychotropic drug

  • Individuals who have insulin-dependent diabetes and constantly overdose insulin may put on weight, while individuals already identified as overweight may develop insulin resilience, and over the long haul result in type 2 diabetes.


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Treatment

  • The typical recommendation for overweight people is eating regimen and physical activity.

  • Dieticians, by and large, prescribe eating a few balanced diets scattered throughout the day, with a blend of dynamic, fundamentally oxygen consuming, physical activity as a weight loss plan.

  • Since this general prescription and arrangement help most instance of stoutness, this tactic can be adopted as a measure ofweight loss diet plan for people as a normal way of fighting against all levels of overweight.


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The study of disease transmission

  • More than half of the grown-up populace around the world is considered either overweight or stout, and this rate has expanded in the course of the most recent four decades.


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