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Chapter 7. 山东滨州学院外语系. Chapter 7. Make a Working Bibliography. 1. The definition of bibliography. The bibliography is an alphabetical list of the sources used in developing a research paper.

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Chapter 7
Chapter 7

山东滨州学院外语系


Chapter 71
Chapter 7

Make a Working Bibliography


1 the definition of bibliography
1. The definition of bibliography

  • The bibliography is an alphabetical list of the sources used in developing a research paper.

  • A working bibliography means that the bibliography can be very useful for your later writing. It should contain all the information you need to identify each of the sources you


1 the definition of bibliography1
1. The definition of bibliography

  • You have chosen for later use including books, articles, and sources of any other form.


2 technology notes
2. Technology notes

  • There are several ways to research through computer catalogs.

  • (1) subject search

  • (2) word search

  • (3) author search

  • (4) title search


3 using a card file for your working bibliography
3. Using a card file for your working bibliography

  • Alphabetical order

  • Cards

  • Card file


3 using a card file for your working bibliography1
3. Using a card file for your working bibliography

  • Write sources in an alphabetical order by the last name of the author, recording each source on an individual card and keeping them together as a file.


4 mla bibliographic formats
4. MLA bibliographic formats

  • Different academic disciplines may require different bibliographic formats for research writing.

  • The Modern Languages Association (MLA) bibliographic style is the standard for research writing in English.


1 the basic format for a book
(1) The basic format for a book

  • 1) Full name of the author:

  • last name first, followed by a comma, and then the first name and middle name or initial. End the author’s full name with a period and two spaces.




  • Chase, Richard. city of publication followed by a comma and one space, and finally the year of publication. End the publication information with a period.The American Novel and Its Tradition. New York:Harcourt, 1965.


  • 夏洛蒂 city of publication followed by a comma and one space, and finally the year of publication. End the publication information with a period.·勃郎特,《简·爱》, 祝庆英 译,上

    海:上海译文出版社, 1992。

  • 盛宁,《二十世纪美国文论》,北京:北京

    大学出版社,1993。

  • 弗吉尼亚·伍尔芙,《伍尔芙随笔全集》,黄

    梅等译,北京:中国社会科学出社,2000。


  • 陈章云, city of publication followed by a comma and one space, and finally the year of publication. End the publication information with a period.“孤舟在命运的沧海”,《外语教学与研究》 2003第5期。

  • 刘小枫,“圣人的虚静”,《读书》2002第3期。

  • 王克非,“英汉 / 汉英语句对应的语料库考察”,《外语教学与研究》2003第6期。

  • 许 英,“达沃斯经济论坛的政治解读”,《瞭望东方刊》2005第5期。


  • 中文书目按作者姓氏字母顺序排列 city of publication followed by a comma and one space, and finally the year of publication. End the publication information with a period.

  • 文章标题用“引号”,刊物、杂志名用《书名号》

  • 第二行缩进两个汉字


Chapter 5 develop tentative thesis statement and outline
Chapter 5 Develop tentative thesis statement and outline city of publication followed by a comma and one space, and finally the year of publication. End the publication information with a period.

  • 1.Evaluating Sources and Reading for Ideas

  • (1) How to read a book

  • A simple and efficient way to do this is to scan the front and back covers, the introduction, the table of contents, and the index.


  • (2) Factors to determine the reliability of sources city of publication followed by a comma and one space, and finally the year of publication. End the publication information with a period.

  • The author:

  • Reputation is the best criterion for judging the reliability of a source.

  • The publisher:

  • The more established and well-known the



  • Periodicals: works.

  • Signed articles with the author’s credit.

  • Content:

  • An outline is an orderly plan in writing, showing the division and arrangements of ideas.


2 writing a tentative thesis statement
2. Writing a tentative thesis statement works.

  • A thesis statement should be expressed in “a single sentence that formulates both your topic and your own point of view toward it.”

  • 3. Writing a preliminary outline

  • (1) draw up some plan that will act as a blueprint.

  • (2) put your thoughts down on paper with


2 writing a tentative thesis statement1
2. Writing a tentative thesis statement works.

  • The idea that you will be reviewing this outline and eliminating items that are not pertinent.(相关的)

  • (3) The actual order will be determined by the subject matter.

  • (4) Always keeping your thesis statement before you, you should list those topics that


2 writing a tentative thesis statement2
2. Writing a tentative thesis statement works.

  • You think should be discussed in your paper.

  • (5) After listing all possible topics, you should check each one against your thesis statement, asking yourself, “Will this help to prove my thesis?” If the answer is no, then that topic should be eliminated. The remaining topics should be organized in a logical order, focused on solving the problem set forth in the thesis statement.


山东滨州学院外语系 works.

Thank You !


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