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1. pathology -2 points -loss of calcium from the bones -porous bone is formed PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1. pathology -2 points -loss of calcium from the bones -porous bone is formed -affects primarily women -1point Caused by –eg menopause -1-point Effects- hip fractures-1 point. 2. increased LDL-c and small dense LDL – increases fat deposition into artery walls- increased atherosclerosis

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1. pathology -2 points -loss of calcium from the bones -porous bone is formed

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1 pathology 2 points loss of calcium from the bones porous bone is formed

1.

pathology -2 points

-loss of calcium from the bones

-porous bone is formed

-affects primarily women -1point

Caused by –eg menopause -1-point

Effects- hip fractures-1 point


1 pathology 2 points loss of calcium from the bones porous bone is formed

2.

increased LDL-c and small dense LDL – increases fat deposition into artery walls- increased atherosclerosis

decreased HDL-c – decreases fat removal from arteries- increased atherosclerosis

Decreased platelet reactivity- less atherosclerosis

Decreased LDL oxidation- decreased atherosclerois (controversial)

-high saturated fat diets – decrease HDL-c, increased LDL-c and increased triglycerides leading to increased small dense LDL

-increased polyunsaturated fatty diets- increased HDL-c, decrease LDL-c and decrease triglycerides leading to decreased small dense LDL

-increased dietary fibre-increased HDL-c, decreased LDL-c

-increased omega 3 fatty acids (eg EPA and DHA)-decreased platelet reactivity

-increased antioxidant vitamins ( eg C, E)-decreased LDL oxidation-controversial


1 pathology 2 points loss of calcium from the bones porous bone is formed

3.

Diet- no shown link with prevention or management of rheumatoid arthritis (2 points)

Functional foods- no shown link with prevention or management of rheumatoid arthritis (2 points)

Nutraceuticals-no known link with prevention however, omega 3 fatty acids (ALA eg in borage converted to EPA, EPA eg in fish oil)-EPA converted to anti-inflammatory leukotrienes and prostaglandins- reduce inflammation and hence pain, swelling and stiffness post onset


1 pathology 2 points loss of calcium from the bones porous bone is formed

  • 3.

  • Following Canada’s food guide helps to reduce obesity because intake proportions of carbohydrates, fats and proteins are in line with requirements for normal body weight

  • -obesity increases waist circumference

  • increased waist circumference increases blood FFA

  • -increased blood FFA causes insulin insensitivity

  • -increased insulin insensitivity results in higher blood glucose which results in dyslipidemia which causes increased blood pressure


1 pathology 2 points loss of calcium from the bones porous bone is formed

5.

-eat in accordance of Canada’s food guide-reduces chances of obesity-obesity linked to colon cancer in males and females

-decrease red meat consumption- high red meat consumption associated with colon cancer

-increased dietary fibre- suggested to block absorption of carcinogens into the body

-reduce alcohol consumption- increased alcohol consumption elevates estrogen levels and elevated estrogen levels associated with increased breast cancer

-reduce foods containing nitrite preservatives-such nitrites form nitrosamines which are carcinogenic


1 pathology 2 points loss of calcium from the bones porous bone is formed

6.

Nutritional issue that needs to be addressed presently because:

-public needs to know about a nutritional issue because it is of great significance to the public

-is an issue which has been shown to be potentially manageable pre- or post-onset by nutritional intervention and therefore needs research

-is an issue that is immersed in considerable controversy that only continued research will address such controversy


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