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Motivation!. Factors that can influence learning 19 September 2006. Motivation!. What factors influence motivation? Student motivation (M. Hunter) What motivates you to learn? What motivates your students? The classroom evironment Applications to teaching Scenarios. Motivation!.

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Motivation

Motivation!

Factors that can influence learning

19 September 2006


Motivation1
Motivation!

  • What factors influence motivation?

  • Student motivation (M. Hunter)

  • What motivates you to learn?

  • What motivates your students?

  • The classroom evironment

  • Applications to teaching

  • Scenarios


Motivation2
Motivation!

  • Student Motivation (M. Hunter)

    Variables under teacher’s control

    Most variables work together and not in isolation

    • Situational

      • Learner’s degree of concern/tension

        • How much effort do they have to put in to relieve the tension of the situation?

      • Feeling tone (positive, negative, or neutral)

        • How does the learner perceive the situation?

    • Task Oriented

      • Student interest level

        • What topics, teaching methods are most effective?

      • Feelings of success/Difficulty of the task

        • Is the task/topic too complicated for this age group?

      • Knowledge of results/Feedback

        • Do the students know how they are doing?

      • Relation to an internalized goal (intrinsic/extrinsic)

        • Why are the students completing this task?


Motivation3
Motivation!

  • What motivates you to want to learn?

  • What motivates your students to want to learn?


Motivation4
Motivation!

  • Sass (1989) found when surveying students:

    • Instructor's enthusiasm

    • Relevance of the material

    • Organization of the class

    • Appropriate difficulty level of the material

    • Active involvement of students

    • Variety

    • Rapport between teacher and students

    • Use of appropriate, concrete, and understandable examples


Motivation5
Motivation!

The Classroom Environment

  • Maslow (physical, safety, emotional … learning/understanding)

  • The “invisible suitcase”

  • Rapport building

  • Making learning personal & relevant

  • Feelings of ownership in learning

  • Instructional variety & lesson sequencing

  • Learning styles

  • Discrepant events


Motivation6
Motivation!

  • Student Motivation (M. Hunter, 1967)

    Variables under teacher’s control

    Most variables work together and not in isolation

    • Situational

      • Learner’s degree of concern/tension

        • How much effort do they have to put in to relieve the tension of the situation?

      • Feeling tone (positive, negative, or neutral)

        • How does the learner perceive the situation?


Motivation7
Motivation!

  • Student Motivation (M. Hunter, 1967)

    • Task Oriented

      • Student interest level

        • What topics, teaching methods are most effective?

      • Feelings of success/Difficulty of the task

        • Is the task/topic too complicated for this age group?

      • Knowledge of results/Feedback

        • Do the students know how they are doing?

      • Relation to an internalized goal (intrinsic/extrinsic)

        • Why are the students completing this task?


Motivation8
Motivation!

  • Scenarios: What would you do?

    1) You are required to teach a unit on insects to seventh graders. What might you do to pique their interest?


Motivation9
Motivation!

  • Scenarios: What would you do?

    2) You are required to teach a unit on electricity. This topic isn’t very interesting to you. What might you do to help motivate your students?


Motivation10
Motivation!

From your experience, what situations can you think of for each of the following factors?

  • Relevance of the material

  • Organization of the course

  • Appropriate difficulty level of the material

  • Active involvement of students

  • Variety

  • Rapport between teacher and students

  • Use of appropriate, concrete, and understandable examples


Motivation11
Motivation!

From your experience, what situations can you think of for each of the following factors?

  • Maslow (physical, safety, emotional … learning/understanding)

  • The “invisible suitcase”

  • Rapport building

  • Making learning personal & relevant

  • Feelings of ownership in learning

  • Instructional variety & lesson sequencing

  • Learning styles

  • Discrepant events


Motivation12
Motivation!

  • Thoughts …

  • Questions???


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