Features. Shape Features Perimeter, Area, Moments, Contour, Convexity, Symmetry. Texture Features Gaussian Differential Co-occurrence Local point features. Sample. Ensemble Classifier Results.
Local point features
Ensemble Classifier Results
M Sieracki1, E Riseman2, W Balch1, M Benfield3, A Hanson2, C Pilskaln1, H Schultz2, C Sieracki4, P Utgoff2, M Blaschko2, G Holness2, M Mattar2, D Lisin2, B Tupper1
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Science1 Computer Vision Lab, U. Mass. Amherst2 Louisiana State University3Fluid Imaging Technologies4
Marine particles, including plankton and non-living particles, play important roles in ecosystem function and material flux in the oceans. Digital imaging technology used in instruments to study these particles can rapidly produce huge archives of images that require expert interpretation. Automated methods to assist the expert interpret these images are urgently needed. We are building automatic classifier systems to work with the experts to efficiently and accurately classify images of marine particles. We will use images from in-situ camera instruments (e.g. VPR) for zooplankton and marine snow, an imaging-in-flow system (FlowCAM) for phytoplankton, and digital fluorescence microscopy for pico- and nanoplankton. Experiments were conducted using low resolution FlowCAM images of 13 classes of phytoplankton from natural communities, and a variety of image features and classifiers, including classifier ensembles. These preliminary tests yielded classification accuracy of over 70%, compared to published human expert agreement of about 80%. This indicates that automated classification will be practical to automate the majority of images. We intend to develop a probabilistic approach to particle enumeration, and to test the generality of our classifiers across instrument types.
Support Vector Machines
1 Video Plankton Recorder (VPR)
Test Image Sets
2 FlowCAM Imaging-in-flow
3 Epifluorescence Microscopy
Preliminary Results for FlowCAM Images