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Phenomenological Perspective Humanistic/Existential. Basic principles. Subjective experience Personality: process not product Here and Now focus (ongoing experiencing) Free Will and Responsibilty vs. Determinism Search for meaning (Frankel). Rogers. The Self

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Phenomenological perspective humanistic existential

Phenomenological PerspectiveHumanistic/Existential


Basic principles
Basic principles

  • Subjective experience

  • Personality: process not product

  • Here and Now focus (ongoing experiencing)

  • Free Will and Responsibilty vs. Determinism

  • Search for meaning (Frankel)


Rogers
Rogers

  • The Self

  • Human nature is innately positive

  • OVP (actualizing tendency)

  • Necesssary conditions:

    Acceptance, Empathy, Unconditional Positive Regard

  • Conditions of worth (Incongruence)


Maslow
Maslow

  • Heirarchy of Needs

  • Self-actualization



Assessment
Assessment

  • Q-Sort

  • Semantic Differential

  • REP Test


Positive psychology
Positive Psychology

  • emphasis on strength and resilience

  • striving for happiness


Contributions and limitations
Contributions and Limitations

  • focus on subjective experience

  • focus on free will & responsibility

  • focus on present (be here now)

  • focus on whole & healthy person (positive)

  • difficult to operationalize

  • what about pathology and even “evil”

  • neglect of history and genetics

  • bias of self-deception


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