Chapter 17 face and related structures
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Chapter 17 Face and Related Structures. Face. Frontal. Nasal. Sphenoid. Maxilla. Mandible. Tempomandibular Joint. Glenoid fossa. Mandibular condyle. Ramus. Angle. Body. Ear. Middle. External. Inner. Auricle. Semicircular Canals. Vestibular Nerve. Cochlear Nerve. Cochlea.

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Chapter 17 Face and Related Structures

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Chapter 17 face and related structures

Chapter 17Face and Related Structures


Chapter 17 face and related structures

Face

Frontal

Nasal

Sphenoid

Maxilla

Mandible

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Tempomandibular joint

Tempomandibular Joint

Glenoid fossa

Mandibular condyle

Ramus

Angle

Body

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Chapter 17 face and related structures

Ear

Middle

External

Inner

Auricle

Semicircular Canals

Vestibular Nerve

Cochlear Nerve

Cochlea

Tympanic Membrane

Eustachian tube

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Middle ear

Middle Ear

  • Auditory ossicles

    • Transmit vibrations to oval window on vestibule

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Chapter 17 face and related structures

Nose

Hard Palate

Soft Palate

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Throat

Throat

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Mouth and teeth

Mouth and Teeth

  • Incisors (4)

    • Cutting

  • Canines (2)

    • Tearing

  • Premolars (4)

    • Crushing, grinding

  • Molars (6)

    • Crushing, grinding

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Teeth

Teeth

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Chapter 17 face and related structures

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Chapter 17 face and related structures

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


History

History

  • Ear

    • LOP

      • Pressure

        • Infection

        • Tympanic Membrane Rupture

      • Intense chronic pain and itching

        • Otitis externa

          • Infection of external auditory meatus

    • MOI

      • Blunt trauma

      • Physical puncture

      • Diving

      • Airplane travel

    • Complaints of tinnitus of dizziness

      • Indicative of concussive force, infection, pressure related to air travel

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


History1

History

  • Nose

    • LOP

      • Radiating pain

    • Onset

      • Acute

      • Chronic

        • Sinusitis

        • Upper respiratory infection

    • MOI

      • Direct blow

        • Epistaxis

    • Previous history of nasal injury

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


History2

History

  • Throat

    • LOP

      • Pain in anterior neck

      • Deep pain associated with illness

    • Onset

      • Acute

    • MOI

      • Direct blow: bat, racquet, ball, elbow, etc.

    • Symptoms

      • Inability to speak

        • Crushed larynx

      • Respiratory distress

        • Obstruction in airway

        • Results in raspy voice when speaking

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


History3

History

  • Maxillofacial Injuries

    • LOP

      • Usually pinpointed by athlete

    • Onset

      • Acute

        • Direct blow

      • Chronic

        • Non-athletic dental problems

    • MOI

      • Blunt trauma

    • Complaints of

      • Vision impairment

      • Malocculsion

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection

Inspection

  • Primary Survey

    • Obvious lacerations

    • Airway

      • Inspection of blockage in oral cavity

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection1

Ear

Auricle

Contusion

Auricular hematoma

Laceration

Avulsion

External auditory meatus

Inflammation

Otitis externa

Tympanic membrane

Using an otoscope

Normal

Shiny, translucent, smooth

Damaged

Swollen, perforated, fluid-filled (pus)

Periaucular area

Contusions

Battle Signs (ecchymosis at mastoid process)

Inspection

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection2

Inspection

  • Nose

    • Alignment

      • Asssymetry

        • Fracture

        • Swelling

    • Epistaxis

      • Direct blow

        • Mucosal laceration

    • Septum and Mucosa

      • Using otoscope or penlight

        • Assymetry or angulation

          • Deviated septum

    • Eyes and Face

      • Racoon eyes

        • Periorbital ecchymosis

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection3

Inspection

  • Throat

    • Respiration

      • Breathing patterns

        • Respiratory distress

      • Thyroid and cricoid cartilage

        • Deformity

        • Rapid swelling

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection4

Inspection

  • Face and Jaw

    • Bleeding

      • Facial lacerations

        • Underlying trauma

    • Ecchymosis

      • Periorbital

        • Fracture- nasal, maxilla, zygoma

      • Angle of mandible

        • Fracture- mandible

    • Asymmetry

      • Zygoma fracture, temporomandibular joint dysfunction. mandible fracture

      • Eye movement

    • Muscle tone

      • Symmetrical movement of mouth, eyebrow, forehead

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection5

Inspection

  • Oral Cavity

    • Lips

      • Lacerations

    • Teeth

      • Fractures

    • Tongue

      • Lacerations

    • Lingual frenulum

      • Laceration related to tooth fractures

    • Gums

      • Laceration

      • Abscess

      • Gingivitis

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Inspection6

Inspection

  • Activity

    • Look at your neighbor for 30 seconds

    • Inspect the face and related structures for asymmetry, previous injury

      • Report findings using appropriate medical terminology and abbreviations

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


Palpations

Palpations

  • Nasal bone

  • Nasal cartilage

  • Zygoma

  • Maxilla

  • Temporomandibular joint

  • Periauricular area

  • External ear

  • Teeth

  • Mandible

  • Hyoid bone

  • Cartilage rings of throat

Lindsey E. Eberman, MS, ATC, LAT


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