Who is the woman in this image?. 32. 28. Penelope Athena Sisyphus’ Wife Faustina. 0. Mean = 1.2857. The Ethiopians say that their gods are snub- nosed and black, the Thracians that theirs have light blue eyes and red hair?. 34. Xenophanes of Colophon Theagenes of Rhegium Aeschylus
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Mean = 1.2857
Mean = 2.9643
Mean = 4.8148
Mean = 2.3571
Ways of Interpreting Myth:Tricksters
A monolithic theory of myth vs. the multifunctionalism of myth
The autonomy of myth
See: Some Theories of Myth
Externalist Theories: Myths as Products of the Environment
Internalist Theories: Myths as Products of the Mind
Myths as Aetiology
Myths as Rituals
Founder of the social scientific study of religion
Study of Vedic peoples of ancient India applied to myths of other cultures (Greece and Rome)
For Müller, the culture of the Vedic peoples represented a form of nature worship, an idea clearly influenced by Romanticism
belief-systems set up to authorize and validate current social customs and institutions.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Carl Jung (1875-1961)
Eliade's analysis of religion assumes the existence of "the sacred" as the object of worship of religious humanity.
Myths reflect a creative era, a sacred time, a vanished epoch of unique holiness.
More on Eliade: http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/bodhidharma/mircea.html
Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908-)
How does a trickster mediate contradictions?
For more on Levi-Strauss see http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/klmno/levi-strauss_claude.html
Vlaimir Propp (1895-1970)
Propp argued that all fairy tales were constructed of certain plot elements, which he called functions, and that these elements consistently occurred in a uniform sequence. Based on a study of one hundred folk tales, Propp devised a list of thirty-one generic functions, proposing that they encompassed all of the plot components from which fairy tales were constructed.
Marija Gimbutas (1921-1994)
Marija Gimbutas was an archaeologist with a scholarly background in folklore and linguistics, making her uniquely qualified to synthesize information from science and myth into a controversial theory of a Goddess-based culture in prehistoric Europe. Joseph Campbell said that, if her work had been available to him, he would have held very different views about the archetypes of the female Divine in world mythology.
Primacy of Matriarchy