Organizational structure
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Organizational Structure. Introduction. Human nature breaks things into smaller, more manageable parts. By breaking large groups into smaller component groups while giving them a definite structure, the fire department can communicate and provide services effectively. Scalar Structure.

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Organizational Structure

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Organizational structure

Organizational Structure


Introduction

Introduction

  • Human nature breaks things into smaller, more manageable parts. By breaking large groups into smaller component groups while giving them a definite structure, the fire department can communicate and provide services effectively.

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Scalar structure

Scalar Structure

  • Organizational principle dating back to the Roman Empire

    • Organizes members by a number of criteria

      • Education level

      • Length of service

      • Experience

      • Job Description

    • Use of paramilitary terms

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Organizational relationships

Organizational Relationships

  • Defined in a fire department by the use of scalar organizational structure

    • What does your chart look like?

CHIEF

Centralized at top and decisions are directed through the middle down to the base of the department

Allows for information to be transmitted up and down in the pyramid

MIDDLE LEVEL MGT

FIREFIGHTERS

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


What s the difference

What’s the Difference?

  • Pure form of scalar structure does not allow for the chain to be broken

    • Military

  • Evolved form; allows for cross communications with some decisions made at an intermediate level

    • Within staff functions; fire prevention

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Line and staff functions

Line and Staff Functions

  • Line Function

    • Those activities associated with operations

      • Company Officer

  • Staff Function

    • Those activities concerned with administration & providing assistance to line personnel.

      • FPO

      • Training

Emergency Operations

Non-emergency

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


What about today s fire service

What About Today’s Fire Service

  • Is the line between line and staff clearly defined or is it not as easy to see?

    • Consolidation of divisions

    • Combination of functions

    • Regional approaches to these positions

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Typical approaches to department operations

Typical Approaches to Department Operations

Upper management delegates implementation of a decision to staff who then deals directly with line personnel.

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Staff direct implementation

Advantages

Good for procedures

Quick and direct

Eliminates mid-staff

Deal direct with line to implement decisions made by upper management

Disadvantages

Doesn’t work well for policy matters

Causes a break in unity of command

Results depend on attitudes of those involved

Staff Direct Implementation

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Typical approaches to department operations1

Typical Approaches to Department Operations

Staff officer directly advises the company officer, who then advises the company. Staff typically is still responsible for success or failure.

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Staff direct advice

Advantages

Company officer is trained by knowledgeable staff member

Trained company officer is better prepared to lead his company

Disadvantages

Staff keeps authority to correct, which could cause problems between staff and company officer

Staff Direct Advice

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Typical approaches to department operations2

Typical Approaches to Department Operations

Line and staff work together to make and implement decisions

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Mutual line staff overlap

Advantages

Line and staff have equal input

Disadvantages

Results will depend upon a cooperative attitude between line and staff personnel.

Mutual Line/Staff Overlap

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Typical approaches to department operations3

Typical Approaches to Department Operations

Company Officer provides information to staff officer. Example: personnel evaluations

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Line advice to staff

Advantages

Promotes interaction between line and staff positions

Allows line input into decision making process

Disadvantages

Line keeps authority to correct implementation

May cause tension between staff and firefighters if line officer is left out.

Line Advice to Staff

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Centralized and decentralized authority

Centralized and Decentralized Authority

  • Authority defined;

    • legal responsibility of an individual to make and implement decisions for which that individual is held accountable.

  • Centralized Authority

    • Decisions are made by 1 person at the top

  • Decentralized Authority

    • Decisions made at lower level and are reported through the structure

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Company organizational structure

Company Organizational Structure

  • Company structures are more flexible than departmental

    • Company Officer must know how the company fits into the department

    • Choice of the appropriate structure for the task at hand

    • Several styles may be employed during the course of a shift

Situational Leadership

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Flat company structure

Flat Company Structure

Company Officer deals directly with the firefighters on a one-on-one basis.

Chain of Command

Unity of Command

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Flat company structure1

Advantages

Direct flow of information from Company Officer to each company member

Good for independent tasks

Simple to organize and implement

Disadvantages

Poor for complex tasks

Span of Control in question

Some problems between company members may arise

Flat Company Structure

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Scalar company structure

Scalar Company Structure

Arranged by:

Seniority

Experience

Training

Informal Leadership Principles will be used.

Department may dictate this arrangement

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Scalar company structure1

Advantages

Ideal for emergency operations

Span of control is manageable

Info. is centralized

Functional Chain of Command is maintained

Unity of Command

Disadvantages

May bog down routine work

May make individual initiative difficult

Info. may be distorted through levels

Promotes static organizations

Scalar Company Structure

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Circular company structure

Circular Company Structure

  • All company members share in decisions

Firefighter

Firefighter

Firefighter

Company Officer

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


Circular company structure1

Advantages

Great for problem solving

Increase personal commitment because they provide more feedback on tasks

Disadvantages

Input/feedback process makes structure slow

Too time consuming for most emergency situations

Minor details may get too much attention

May cause side-taking

Circular Company Structure

IFCF - Mgt 1 - Org. Structure


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