What is gothic romanticism
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What is gothic romanticism?. Gothic Romanticism. Definition: Gothic romanticism is a form of romanticism that focuses on temptations of sin and evil in society and the will to succumb darkness in the human soul. Characteristics of Gothic Romanticism. Curses Cemeteries Demons

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What is gothic romanticism?

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What is gothic romanticism?

Gothic Romanticism

  • Definition: Gothic romanticism is a form of romanticism that focuses on temptations of sin and evil in society and the will to succumb darkness in the human soul.

Characteristics of Gothic Romanticism

  • Curses

  • Cemeteries

  • Demons

  • Dreams or nightmares

  • Supernatural elements

  • Eerie settings

  • Mysteries

  • Death

  • Castles

  • Evil

Gothic Romanticism

  • Setting- bleak, remote places

  • Plot- morbid, or violent incidents

  • Characters – psychological or physical torment

  • Supernatural element present

Gothic Romanticism

  • Share the same attributes as romanticism like emphasis on the past, nature, deep feeling, and the supernatural or unnatural

  • Gothic Romantics studied Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper

  • Gothic Romanticism accents more the fantastic aspects of human experience

    • Examines darker facets of humanity: death, loss, greed, vanity, guilt, and the seven deadly sins

Gothic Romanticism

  • Narrators are terrified or distraught

  • Characters are ill of mind or body or carry terrible haunting secrets

    • Characters usually go insane or die

  • Hidden Evil

    • Unspeakable mysterious crimes

    • Obsession with death

      • Ghosts, blood, body parts

Gothic Romanticism

  • Viewed as anti-transcendentalists because of gloomy view of the world

  • Wanted to move beyond sunny world of optimists and ordered world of rationalists

  • Influenced authors such as Stephen King, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Fyodor Dostoevsky

Practitioners of Gothic Romanticism

  • Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • Washington Irving

  • Herman Melville


Edgar Allan Poe


  • Was born January 19th, 1809 in Boston

  • His mother died two years later

  • He moved to Richmond Virginia and was raised by John Allan a successful tobacco exporter


  • He was sent to the best boarding schools around

  • He enrolled in the University of Virginia

  • He did very well academically and excelled greatly but had to leave because John Allan would not lend him money for his gambling debts.

Growing Up

  • Relationship with the Allan’s worsened

  • He left Richmond for Boston

  • He then enlisted in the United States Army

  • During that time period he published his first few collections of poetry, neither of which landed him with any public attention

  • Admitted into the United States Military Academy, he could not continue for lack of financial support

Life On Track

  • Moved to Baltimore, Maryland and in with his Aunt Clemm and her daughter Virginia

  • He began selling his works to magazines and edited the Southern Literary Messenger back in Richland

  • He married his cousin Virginia at age 13 and brought her and her mother to Richmond with him

His Works

  • Journals for New York and Philadelphia

  • “The Fall of the House of Usher”

  • “The Tell-Tale Heart”

  • “The Murders in the Rue Morgue”

  • “The Raven”

  • “The Masque of the Red Death”

  • The Cask of Amontillado”

  • “Annabel Lee”

Father of the short story and the detective story

Nearing The End

  • In 1847, his dear wife/cousin died of Tuberculoses

  • In Poe’s mind the saddest theme was death of a beautiful women because of the loss of his mother, stepmother, and wife

  • From then on, he struggled to maintain himself and support his aunt while suffering from severe depression and alcoholism

  • He made his last stop in Baltimore, where they found him semi-conscious on October 3rd 1949

  • Four days later he died of “acute congestion of the brain."


  • “Edgar Allan Poe.” Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, 2010. Web. 7 Apr. 2010. <http://www.poets.org/‌poet.php/‌prmPID/‌130>.

  • James, Wilson Southall. “Poe’s Life.” Poe Museum. N.p., 2004. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://www.poemuseum.org/‌poes_life/‌index.html>.

  • Stewart, Lynn, Mrs. “Dark Romantics.” room 124, Seneca Valley Senior Highschool. Nov.-Dec. 2009. Class presentation.

  • "Gothic Romanticism." Lower Dauphin School District. N.p., n.d. Web. 28      Mar. 2010. <http://www.ldsd.org/5561209414221490/lib/5561209414221490/      Gothic_Romanticism.ppt>. Powerpoint in which gothic romanticism is explained

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