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“Write Now ” 10/1. What does the word “mythology” mean to you? Name some of the major mythologies that you know and tell a little about the mythology. Definition. Mythology: stories that are meant to instruct Does NOT mean an untrue story!!!!! Myths have serious moral implications

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“Write Now ” 10/1

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Write now 10 1

“Write Now” 10/1

  • What does the word “mythology” mean to you? Name some of the major mythologies that you know and tell a little about the mythology.


Definition

Definition

  • Mythology: stories that are meant to instruct

    • Does NOT mean an untrue story!!!!!

    • Myths have serious moral implications

    • Captures the essence of the human experience

    • Mythology builds cultures


Major mythologies of western culture

Major Mythologies of Western Culture

  • Greek

    • Polytheistic

  • Judeo-Christian

    • Monotheistic

  • Science

    • Non-theism


Three holy books

Three Holy Books

  • Torah (Judaism)

    • Old Testament – Covers creation and major laws and beliefs

  • Bible (Christianity)

    • Old Testament + New Testament, with focus on the new

    • Shares beliefs of Judaism but with revisions made my Jesus

  • Quran (Islam)

    • Considers Old and New Testaments as holy works but provides a new book to reconcile the two, through the teachings of Muhammad

    • Recognizes Jesus as a profit but see his divinity as contradictory to a monotheistic religion


Our focus the torah

Our Focus: The Torah

  • Pentateuch: first five books of the Old Testament

    • Genesis, Exodus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Leviticus

  • Genesis:

    • Creation

    • Covenants – promises made by God

    • First Families


Genesis authorship

Genesis Authorship

  • Moses: originally credited with authorship

  • Problems with Mosaic Authorship:

    • Discrepancies

    • Repetitions

    • Speaking in third person

    • Talks about his own death

    • Linguistics: different writing styles


Documentary hypothesis

Documentary Hypothesis

  • 4 major contributors to the Pentateuch

    • Yahwist Source (J)

    • Elohist Source (E)

    • Deuteronomist Source (D)

    • Priestly Source (P)


Yahwist source

Yahwist Source

  • Uses personal name “Yahweh” for God

  • Anthropomorphic portray of Deity

  • Vivid, concrete style

  • Dramatic storyline (beginning with creation Gen. 2:4)


Elohist

Elohist

  • Uses generic plural Elohim for God

  • Less picturesque (than J)

  • Less anthropomorphic (than J)

  • Begins narrative with Abraham


Deuteronomist

Deuteronomist

  • More elaborate rhetorical style than J and E


Priestly

Priestly

  • Focuses on Priestly interests

    • Legalistic

    • Ritual

  • Precise, pedantic style, meticulously listing genealogies, censuses, dates, and instructions for the cult

  • Added to JE epic during and after the Babylonian exile


Projects

Projects


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