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European Integration: Past , Present and Future Innovative Spatial Planning Instruments and their Contribution to European Integration A Case Study of a Border Region in Northern Bavaria Michael Seidel Waterloo, Ontario, May 1, 2010. Need for new spatial planning instruments.

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European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

European Integration: Past, Presentand Future

Innovative SpatialPlanning Instruments andtheirContributionto European Integration

A Case Study ofa Border Region in Northern Bavaria

Michael Seidel

Waterloo, Ontario, May 1, 2010


European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

  • Need fornewspatialplanninginstruments

  • The fall of the iron curtain and the need for rapid change of border regions (1989),

  • The Single European Market (1993),

  • The opening of the European Union for countries of central and eastern Europe (2004),

  • Serious challenges caused by structural change, mainly internationalization and globalization,

  • Rising regional disparities,

  • Budget constraints called for an effective use of increasingly scarce resources in all member states.


European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

  • New national planninginstrumentsandtheirinterfaces

  • Euroregionsascross-bordercooperations

  • Permanent structuresintendedto promote integration on bothsidesoftheborder

  • Supportedby European Parliamentsincemorethan 30 years

  • In thefocusofthenewobjective 3 (former INTERREG community initiative)


  • European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Borderregions in thefocusofthe European Union


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Towards a multi-levelarchitectureofspatialplanning

    • Central planningunabletoprevent regional disparities

    • Towards a multi-levelarchitectureofspatialplanning

    • From top-down tobottom-up philosophy


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    Figure 1: Breakdown of finances by priority axis

    New instrumentsincluded in EU support

    Operational Czech Republic Cross borderprogramme (INTERREG IV)


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    Case study High Franconia: a region in a blind spot


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Status quo after the fall oftheironcurtain

    • Bad image („bavarianSiberia“, „poorhouseof Bavaria“, borderregion, „no-man‘s –land“), nobranding

    • „Regional mind-set“: passive and defensive

    • Lack ofcooperationbetweenfirms, countiesandtowns

    • Monostructure: „oldfashioned“ industry-portfolio

    • Highestunemployment-rate in Bavaria

    • Brain drain: lossofyoung, qualifiedpeople

    • Demographicsituation: lossofpopulation


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    Implicationsofthedivision: lossofpopulation


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Implementing regional marketingandmanagement

    • Defining a regional platform: thecityof Hof togetherwiththecountiesof Hof and Wunsiedel

    • Choosing a functionalregion, not an administrative one

    • Re-designing a region: High Franconiainsteadof „North-East-Upper-Franconia“

    • SWOT-analysis

    • Branding strategy, financialsupportby EU-EFRE-funds


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    Comparativecostadvantages


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Business location marketing – promoting core competencies and clusters

    • Logistics – gateway to middle and eastern Europe

    • IT, call center and back office

    • Automotive industry

    • Fostering regional entrepreneurship


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • EUREGIO EGRENSIS: German-Czech cross-borderplatform

    • From 2007 – 2013 supportby INTERREG IV: € 4 million

    • Successfulprojects:

      • Education:languagecourses, pupilsexchangeprogramme,

      • Thematicevents: cross-bordergardenshow,

      • Project „Goodneighbourhood“: informationcampaigns, interculturalworkshops

    • Effects:

      • Success in seeking, establishingandstabilizingcontacts

      • Cultural awareness on bothsidesoftheborder

      • Committmentaboveaveragetoachievecommonlyestablishedgoals


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • East-Western business competence center

    • Developingtheeast-western businesscompetencecenter

    • One-stop-competenceforbusiness in Central Europe

    • ReinforcestheattractivenessoftheBavarian-Czech borderzone

    • Increasedeconomicalcross-bordercooperation


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Conclusions I: Added value of innovative instrumentsfor European Integration

    • European andpolitical added value

    • Institutional added value

    • Socio-economic added value:

      • Synergies, e.g. in researchanddevelopment

      • Economiesofscale via newmarkets

      • Exchange ofbestpracticesandexperiences

      • Cross-borderspin-offs

    • Socio-cultural added value


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Conclusions II

    • Bottom-up-basednewinstrumentscanhelp rural regionstokeeppacewiththemetropolitanareas

    • The innovative, bottom-up-basedapproachcontributestomakingregionsmore intelligent and flexible

    • New instrumentsrecommendedforimplementation all overthestatebyBavarianGovernment

    • Multi-level-architecturegivesregionsandmunicipalitiesmorebargainig power vis-à-vis thecentralstate


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Conclusions III: requirementsforsuccessfulimplementation

    • Using EU- orgovernmentgrantsisonly a startingpointand not sufficientforsuccess

    • Need of professional andconsistentstrategyandmarketing-mix

    • Functionalregions fit betterthan administrative ones

    • Need ofcommitment: regional politicians must beorbecometeam-players

    • Need ofpatience: changing regional mindsetsmaytakemore time thanchanginginfrastructureandeconomy


    European integration past present and future innovative spatial planning instruments and their contribution to european integration

    • Conclusions IV: unsolvedquestions

    • Regional initiatives underpublicor private law?

    • Inflationaryfoundingofnewinstruments in a regionmaycause:

      • Overlap

      • Double expenditures

      • Over-complexity

      • Fragmentation

      • Problems ofintegration

    • Desireforevaluation: Ifyoucan‘tmeasureit, youcan‘t manage it“.


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