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Bus Rapid Transit in Rouen, France Using Siemens Optical Guidance System. Contents Community Transit Overview Historical Summary Today’s System Capital and Operating Costs Optical Guidance and Signaling Dealing with Narrow Rights of Way Urban Integration Rolling Stock

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Bus rapid transit in rouen france using siemens optical guidance system
Bus Rapid Transit in Rouen, FranceUsing Siemens Optical Guidance System


  • Community Transit Overview

  • Historical Summary

  • Today’s System

  • Capital and Operating Costs

  • Optical Guidance and Signaling

  • Dealing with Narrow Rights of Way

  • Urban Integration

  • Rolling Stock

  • Appendix: Some Details

CREA since 1st January 2010

Communauté de l'Agglomération Rouen Elbeuf Austreberthe

La CREADirection de la communication14 bis avenue PasteurCS 50589 - 76006 ROUEN Cedex

  • 70 municipalities

  • 493,382 inhabitants

Areas of jurisdiction

Economic development

(roughly equivalent to Metropolitan Planning Organization [MPO])

Public transport


Cultural and sports activities

(Re-) Employ-ment


Grants for small municipali-ties



Municipal policy

Spatial planning



The CREA transport network


TEOR (Rouen East-West Transport)

Structuring lines

Secondary lines

TAE lines (Elbeuf transport)


Population density (1999)


Teor transport est ouest de rouen rouen east west transit


Improve access to districts with high population densities

Enable access to the congested shopping mall

Enable access to frequently used facilities (Government center, University Hospital center, University faculties)

“TEOR” Transport Est-Ouest de Rouen(Rouen East-West Transit)

1994 (December): North-South light rail (with downtown subway) commissioned

1996 (December): Request for Proposals based on performance forecast for east-west light rail line

1997 (December): RFP declared unsuccessful due to high cost of rail option

1997 (December): New RFP for BRT-based system

Background of the East-West transport scheme

1999 (July): Declaration of Public Utility (i.e. Project approved for National-level funding)

2001 (February): Lines T2 and T3 West enter service

2002 (April): Line T1 West enters service

2003 (February): Launch of work in Rouen city center and to the East

2007 (January – December): TEOR gradually enters service eastwards

Background to the East-West transport scheme

The lines of the Greater Rouen network


- 1 line 9.4 miles long

- 31 stations / 5 municipalities

- 28 train sets

- Journey speed: 11.9 MPH

- Frequency:

2.5 min peak

6 min off-peak

- 65,335 boardings / day


- 3 lines 18.5 miles long

- 53 stations / 8 municipalities

- 66 vehicles

- Journey speed: 10.9 MPH

- Frequency (common sections):

2 min peak hours

3 min off-peak hours

- 69,170 boardings / day

The lines of the Greater Rouen network

Bus network:

- 8 structuring lines

- 22 secondary lines

- 11 taxi lines

- 28 school lines

- 53, 000 journeys / day

Final teor right of way


Frequently used facility

High density housing

Shopping mall

Final TEOR right-of-way



Gov’t Center

Railway Station

Univ. Hospital

Law School

Medical School

School of


Shopping Center

& Stadium

Network intermodality

Park & Ride

Metro / TEOR Interchange

Rest area

Bike-share area

Secure bicycle base

Structuring bus lines

Growth of teor ridership
Growth of TEOR ridership





Comparison of rail and brt costs
Comparison of Rail and BRT Costs











Project investment costs million
Project investment costs(€ million)

Investment cost: € 196 million

  • TEOR investment cost: € 6.5 million/km

  • Light Rail investment cost: € 31.3 million/km

Annual operating costs thousands in 2011
Annual operating costs(€ thousands in 2011)

Operating costs: € 1,624,000

Dealing with Narrow Rights-of-Way

Vehicles travel on a two-lane busway with a concrete barrier separating them from general traffic

Vehicles travel on a single (central or lateral), with a crossable concrete strip separating them from general traffic

Vehicles circulate with general traffic, but with fully equipped stations

Two-way lane

length: 4.5 mi.

One-way lane

length: 3.7 mi.

Unmarked lane

length: 10.2 mi.

Lane Structure

  • TEOR operation with a single center bus-lane:

  • Direction of bus travel alternates by sections

  • Station is always in a reserved lane so stopped bus does not block traffic

TEOR Westbound

TEOR Eastbound

TEOR lane

Lane open to general traffic

Traffic and bus signals

Lane Structure

Dedicated corridor 2 protected lanes (5.9 km)

Dedicated corridor 2 reserved lanes (2.4 km)

Dedicated corridor 1 protected lane (1.7 km)

Dedicated corridor 1 alternating lane (3.5 km)

Unmarked lane (9.5 km)

Unequipped lane (6.8 km)


System operation support

Sound systems for stations and buses


Priority traffic lights

Special signage

Ticketing system


Signal priority

Transceiver tower at highest point


Flashing triangle indicates the approaching TEOR has been detected and will have all green lights as soon as unloading/loading is confirmed by the driver

Signal priority

Oversight by the central control system


(located before the intersection)

Optical guidance
Optical guidance

  • Operation:

  • The camera reads coded marks on the ground indicating the required route

  • A computer analyses the vehicle's position relative to the lane and transmits the required corrections to the steering wheel

Man-machine interface


Wheel encoder

Torque motor

IT network

Ground marks

Horizontal gap

Vertical gap


On average, vertical gaps are 4.25 cm high and horizontal gaps are between 4 and 5 cm wide


Design identical to that of tramway stations

Urban integration1
Urban integration



Urban integration2
Urban integration



Rolling stock
Rolling stock

38 Irisbus Crealis Neo vehicles

(37 Diesel + 1 hybride)

28 CITELIS vehicles (Diesel)

  • Length: 17.8 m

  • Capacity: 115 places including 40 seated

  • Optical guidance system

  • Accessible to persons with reduced mobility and pushchairs

  • Air-conditioned

  • Sliding doors

  • Complete low floor

  • Escape through the top

Appendix some details
Appendix:Some Details

  • Financial support

  • Stakeholders

  • Optical guidance alerts

  • Changes in alert rates

Financial support

Subsidies: € 82 million

• European Federation (EU) € 9.4 million

• Central government € 29.8 million

• Regional council € 18.6 million

• Department € 18.6 million

• Municipalities € 5.6 million

(For participation in streetscape work, EDF and utility relocation)

Financial support

Stakeholders in the project

  • Phase 1:

    • Contracting authority: Greater Rouen Urban Authority

    • Contracting Owner Support (COS): Sogeti

    • Project Managers: Systra, Thales, Artefac, Attica, Outside, Bailly

  • End of phase 1:

    • Contracting authority: Greater Rouen Urban Authority

    • COS: Systra

    • Project Managers / City center: Era, Thales, Territoires Sites et Cités

    • Project Managers / Suburbs: Ingetec, Folius, Outside

    • Project Manager / Systems: Setec

Optical guidance1

5 categories of alerts

• Guidance malfunction:failure of the optical guidance system (OGS): system reset.

• Loss of guidance:momentary loss of guidance during operation: system reset.

• Vigilance: markings misread by the OGS.

• Operational: alerts caused by operating conditions and the immediate environment of the vehicle during the guidance: system reset.

• Unclassified

Optical guidance

Alert rate per 10,000 landings in 2011

1.13 per 10,000

0.02 per 10,000

0.01 per 10,000

0.30 per 10,000

0.07 per 10,000

1.53 in total

Change in alert rate
Change in alert rate






1. Out of tolerance

2. Out of service

3. Faulty guidance

4. Loss of guidance

5. False alarm (?)