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IMPERIALISM INTRO. 1870-1914. DEFINITION. The domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country/territory. WHY DID EUROPEANS THINK IT WAS IMPORTANT TO CONQUER OTHER COUNTRIES?.

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definition
DEFINITION

The domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country/territory

why did europeans think it was important to conquer other countries
WHY DID EUROPEANS THINK IT WAS IMPORTANT TO CONQUER OTHER COUNTRIES?
  • 1400-1600: European nations sponsor missions of exploration (Gold, Glory & God)
  • Establish colonies in the Americas & trade outposts in Asia & Africa (wealth & trade)
  • Christian missionary efforts (knowledge of people & geography  maps)
what did french revolution industrial revolution have to do with it
WHAT DID FRENCH REVOLUTION & INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION HAVE TO DO WITH IT?
  • French Revolution  nationalism & political competition
  • Industrial Revolution  greater wealth, economic strength & technological advancements  demand for natural resources & new markets
  • Attitude of superiority begins
what were europeans looking for from these countries
WHAT WERE EUROPEANS LOOKING FOR FROM THESE COUNTRIES?
  • Industrial needs (rubber, petroleum, manganese, timber)
  • Expand markets (buyers for products)
  • Invest in undeveloped regions b/c cheap labor
  • Outlet for growing European population
what was happening as a result of imperialism
WHAT WAS HAPPENING AS A RESULT OF IMPERIALISM?
  • BALANCE OF POWER– if one country seizes control of land, then another country rushes in to gain control nearby
  • Humanitarian goals - share God’s word & spread industry to improve the lives of non-Europeans (Social Darwinism)
why was europe successful in this quest
WHY WAS EUROPE SUCCESSFUL IN THIS QUEST?
  • Technology – Maxim machine gun, repeating rifles, steam-driven ships (military, communication & travel)
  • Advancements in medical knowledge (quinine for malaria)
  • Economic & political strength added to ability to hold control over land & people in other parts of the world
  • Diversity of African languages, tribal customs, loyalty, & ethnic groups & traditional warfare over land, water & trade rights  disunity among African people (similar to indigenous American tribes)
causes and outcomes
CAUSES AND OUTCOMES

CAUSES

  • Industrial Revolution/French Revolution
  • New markets to sell goods
  • Search for raw materials/natural resources
  • Racism/Superiority

OUTCOMES

  • Decreased local warfare/breakdown of traditional cultures
  • Boundaries dividing people
  • Loss of population from disease & unsuccessful resistances
  • 2 positive  increased literacy & improved infrastructure
colony
COLONY
  • Group of people who leave their native country to form a settlement in a new land, still in connection to their mother country
  • DIRECT RULE  officials sent from “mother country” to rule people directly & impose culture, language, politics, & economics
  • France, Germany, Belgium
protectorate
PROTECTORATE
  • Local rulers are left in place, but accept advice regarding trade, industry, politics, & missionaries
  • INDIRECT RULE  use of local sultans, chiefs, & rulers to administer laws & codes of “mother country”; encouraged education & cooperation to prepare for future of independence
  • Britain and US
sphere of influence
SPHERE OF INFLUENCE
  • Area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment & trading/economic privilege
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