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IMPERIALISM INTRO. 1870-1914. DEFINITION. The domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country/territory. WHY DID EUROPEANS THINK IT WAS IMPORTANT TO CONQUER OTHER COUNTRIES?.

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Definition
DEFINITION

The domination by one country of the political, economic or cultural life of another country/territory


Why did europeans think it was important to conquer other countries
WHY DID EUROPEANS THINK IT WAS IMPORTANT TO CONQUER OTHER COUNTRIES?

  • 1400-1600: European nations sponsor missions of exploration (Gold, Glory & God)

  • Establish colonies in the Americas & trade outposts in Asia & Africa (wealth & trade)

  • Christian missionary efforts (knowledge of people & geography  maps)


What did french revolution industrial revolution have to do with it
WHAT DID FRENCH REVOLUTION & INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION HAVE TO DO WITH IT?

  • French Revolution  nationalism & political competition

  • Industrial Revolution  greater wealth, economic strength & technological advancements  demand for natural resources & new markets

  • Attitude of superiority begins


What were europeans looking for from these countries
WHAT WERE EUROPEANS LOOKING FOR FROM THESE COUNTRIES? DO WITH IT?

  • Industrial needs (rubber, petroleum, manganese, timber)

  • Expand markets (buyers for products)

  • Invest in undeveloped regions b/c cheap labor

  • Outlet for growing European population


What was happening as a result of imperialism
WHAT WAS HAPPENING AS A RESULT OF IMPERIALISM? DO WITH IT?

  • BALANCE OF POWER– if one country seizes control of land, then another country rushes in to gain control nearby

  • Humanitarian goals - share God’s word & spread industry to improve the lives of non-Europeans (Social Darwinism)


Why was europe successful in this quest
WHY WAS EUROPE SUCCESSFUL IN THIS QUEST? DO WITH IT?

  • Technology – Maxim machine gun, repeating rifles, steam-driven ships (military, communication & travel)

  • Advancements in medical knowledge (quinine for malaria)

  • Economic & political strength added to ability to hold control over land & people in other parts of the world

  • Diversity of African languages, tribal customs, loyalty, & ethnic groups & traditional warfare over land, water & trade rights  disunity among African people (similar to indigenous American tribes)


Causes and outcomes
CAUSES AND OUTCOMES DO WITH IT?

CAUSES

  • Industrial Revolution/French Revolution

  • New markets to sell goods

  • Search for raw materials/natural resources

  • Racism/Superiority

OUTCOMES

  • Decreased local warfare/breakdown of traditional cultures

  • Boundaries dividing people

  • Loss of population from disease & unsuccessful resistances

  • 2 positive  increased literacy & improved infrastructure


Colony
COLONY DO WITH IT?

  • Group of people who leave their native country to form a settlement in a new land, still in connection to their mother country

  • DIRECT RULE  officials sent from “mother country” to rule people directly & impose culture, language, politics, & economics

  • France, Germany, Belgium


Protectorate
PROTECTORATE DO WITH IT?

  • Local rulers are left in place, but accept advice regarding trade, industry, politics, & missionaries

  • INDIRECT RULE  use of local sultans, chiefs, & rulers to administer laws & codes of “mother country”; encouraged education & cooperation to prepare for future of independence

  • Britain and US


Sphere of influence
SPHERE OF INFLUENCE DO WITH IT?

  • Area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment & trading/economic privilege


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