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The Stanford Declaration. June 30, 2010. Timely efforts could make Bhubaneswar the Knowledge Hub of the country: the time is NOW. Chitta Baral, Arizona State University (helped by Nihar Nayak, Stanford University). Preparing for and Getting the Innovation University in Bhubaneswar.

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Timely efforts could make bhubaneswar the knowledge hub of the country the time is now

Timely efforts could make Bhubaneswar the Knowledge Hub of the country: the time is NOW

Chitta Baral, Arizona State University

(helped by Nihar Nayak, Stanford University)


Preparing for and Getting the the country:

Innovation University in Bhubaneswar


Current status
Current Status the country:

  • Two concept papers are made available in MHRD web page

  • Mr. KapilSibal has gone around various countries (US, Singapore, UK, Australia) asking for their help in setting up these universities.

  • No one-on-one mentoring help has been offered.

  • Yale has offered to provide training to the administrators (VC, Deans etc.) of these universities

  • The innovation university bill may come up in the upcoming parliament – draft not available yet


How an innovation university may come to odisha quickly
How an innovation university may come to the country: Odisha quickly

  • Create a small campus (say the size of XIMB – 20 acres and with all amenities for student size of 1000 and faculty size of 150) immediately.

    • This can house the Innovation university for first 3-4 years; i.e. until its own campus comes up

    • After that it can be used as an initial plans for new institutes/universities that will be established in Odisha

      • One every 3-4 years.

  • Some Odisha connected academics may propose a plan to MHRD

    • Nihar and I have some plan in mind for which we may be able to rope in Stanford and Arizona State as mentors.

    • A key question for me is:

      • Will the Innovation University have resources to offer faculty salary that will attract non-Indian Ph.Ds from western countries (say USA)

      • If not, then I don’t see how it will become a top university quickly (in 10-15 years)

      • Model example to follow: Hong Kong Univ of Sc and Tech.


Timely effort needed the time is now

Making Bhubaneswar THE Knowledge Hub of India (by 2015-20), Asia (2020) and the World (2030).

Timely effort needed. The time is NOW.


What to pursue besides vedanta univ 1
What to pursue (besides Vedanta Univ.) -1 Asia (2020) and the World (2030).


What to pursue besides vedanta 2
What to pursue (besides Vedanta) -2 Asia (2020) and the World (2030).


Vedanta u and xavier u will play very important role
Vedanta U and Xavier U will play very important role Asia (2020) and the World (2030).


Ranking of arts colleges none in odisha
Ranking of Arts Colleges: None in Odisha Asia (2020) and the World (2030).


Ranking of commerce colleges none in odisha
Ranking of Commerce Colleges: None in Odisha Asia (2020) and the World (2030).



Ranking of business schools ximb at 13
Ranking of Business Schools: XIMB at 13 Asia (2020) and the World (2030).


Ranking of engineering colleges nit rkl at 21
Ranking of Engineering Colleges: NIT RKL at 21 Asia (2020) and the World (2030).



Top 25 research universities none in odisha
Top 25 Research Universities: None in Odisha Asia (2020) and the World (2030).


Why xavier university will play an important role
Why Xavier University will play an important role? Asia (2020) and the World (2030).

  • Only institute from Odisha ranked in top 15 (some times top 10) in any field in all rankings.

  • Its sister institution XLRI is ranked in top 5.

  • Arts: 4 out of top 5 are Jesuit Institutions (1. Loyola Chennai; 3. St Stephens Delhi; 4. St Xaviers Mumbai; 5. St Xaviers Kolkata)

  • Commerce: 3 out of top 5 are Christian Institutions (2. St. Xaviers Kolkata; 3. Loyola Chennai; 5. Christ College Bangalore)

  • Science: Top 4 are Jesuit Institutions (1. Loyola Chennai; 2. St Stephens Delhi; 3. St Xaviers Kolkata; 4. St Xaviers Mumbai)

  • Xavier University can leap over all these in Arts & Commerce.

  • Other areas that Xavier can be pushed: Law, Social Sciences/Social Work, some day may be even Medical (remember CMC Vellore)

  • Xavier has an international brand name (VERY important)

  • There are 30+ Jesuit Universities in the US and many more in other countries in the world


Odisha government partnering with xavier university
Odisha Asia (2020) and the World (2030). government partnering with Xavier University

  • Make sure they start programs in Arts and Commerce

  • Push them to start programs in Law, Social Sciences/Social Work, Government and possibly Medicine (remember CMC Vellore)

  • Help build a Xavier International Center

    • Visit and Invite Jesuit Universities and Institutions across the world to set up their academic units in that center

    • Similar to multi-university campuses in China and the Middle East


Comparing indian and foreign universities institutions
Comparing Indian and Foreign Universities/Institutions Asia (2020) and the World (2030).

  • Annual expenditure

    • Arizona State University

      1.785 Billion USD.8211 crores INR at One USD=46 INR rate.

      3000 crores INR using the purchasing power parity (PPP)

    • Harvard with 20,000 students

      3.756 Billion USD

      6385 crores INR using PPP.

    • Stanford with 18,500 students

      3.65 Billion USD  

    • IISc Bangalore in 2010-11 budget: 221 Crores INR

    • Total 2010-2011 budget for the seven older IITs is 1600 crores.

    • Vedanta University (5000 crore INR from Anil A; 15000 crore total)

      • Could afford an annual budget 1000-1500 crores


Initiation cost for indian and foreign universities institutions
Initiation cost for Indian and Foreign Universities/Institutions

  • A new IIT: 760 crores

  • A new IIM: 210 crores

  • A central university: 300 crores

  • A central university with medical school: 720 crores

  • An IISER: 500 crores; NISER:

  • An AIIMS: 850 crores.

  • Vedanta University: 5,000 crores from AA and 15,000 crores total

    • IIT + IIM + CU + CU-MS + IISER + AIIMS = 3340 crores


Salary comparison of indian and foreign universities institutions
Salary comparison of Indian and Foreign Universities/Institutions

  • IIM-Ahmedabad Assistant Professor: 5.5 lakhs/year

  • Indian School of Business (ISB) Assistant Professor: 20 lakhs/year.

  • Harvard University Assistant Professor: $130K/year = 60 lakhs INR/year == 22 lakhs INR in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP)

  • ISB pays close to Harvard if we take PPP into account.

  • So ISB pays much higher than IIMs, close to what Harvard pays in PPP terms. How is it ranked?


Comparing foreign indian universities institutes
Comparing Foreign & Indian Universities (Institutes) Universities/Institutions

  • The budgets and salary for Indian Institutes (IITs, IIMs etc.) is normally much smaller than foreign ones, even when one takes into account PPP

  • But when they are close (as in case of ISB) even taking into account PPP, the Indian institutes do pretty good globally.

  • Vedanta’s budget is more in line with budgets of foreign universities and institutes

  • Vedanta can pay salary at the level of ISB

  • The innovation universities need to gather funds to be able to pay at the level of ISB; Otherwise they would be hard pressed to achieve their goal of being world class.


Vedanta university
Vedanta University Universities/Institutions

  • Vedanta University School of Engineering

  • Vedanta University School of Medicine

  • Vedanta University School of Business

  • Vedanta University College of Science

  • Vedanta University College of Liberal Arts

  • Vedanta University College of Design

  • Vedanta University College of Architecture


What should odisha urgently do vis vis vedanta university
What should Universities/InstitutionsOdisha urgently do vis-à-vis Vedanta University

  • Unfreeze the current deadlock

    • CM must meet PM and HR Minister and talk about the importance of Vedanta University and solicit his help

    • CM (and PM) must ask Anil Agarwal to

      • Establish 2-3 graduate schools temporarily in Bhubaneswar immediately so as to address people’s skepticism. Some possible areas of need

        • Mathematics (India produces too few PhDs; A lot of demand; easy to hire top PhDs from abroad; PhDs from Stanford/Berkeley join 4 year colleges and sometimes 2 yr community colleges)

        • Computing (India produces too few PhDs; A lot of demand; Not clear how easy it will be to recruit from abroad; will be a test case)

      • Take some additional steps as outlined in the bill

        • Hire a Pro-vice Chancellor or Chief Operating Officer etc.


Why urgently
Why urgently? Universities/Institutions

  • Internal sources in Vedanta have conveyed that they have now stopped focusing on the university

  • They will focus on their mining and industry goals

  • So unless we take the earlier mentioned steps urgently, this once in a century opportunity for Bhubaneswar/Puri and Odisha may be lost.


What next
What next? Universities/Institutions

  • To achieve the goal of: Making Bhubaneswar THE Knowledge Hub of India (by 2015-20), Asia (2020) and the World (2030).

  • We need to think out of the box and be extremely creative and proactive

  • Like What?


Two big ideas
Two big ideas Universities/Institutions

  • Pursue SPICMACAY University

    • SPICMACAY: Society for promotion of Indian Culture, Music and …

    • CM should approach SPICMACAY, offer them free land and an initial start up of say 10-15 crores for establishing a university with similar aims as SPICMACY

    • This has a high chance of becoming the top Music/Culture University in India.

  • Lord Jagannath World University


Lord jagannath world university
Lord Jagannath World University Universities/Institutions

  • Why

    • Brand Name: Jagannath and Odissi are most well known globally

    • Like the Jesuit Universities; like the Venkateswara University (in Tirupati) the best way to propagate Jagannath culture is through a university

    • Lord Jagannath has a lot of assets (lands, etc.) all over India.

    • A university will put the assets in good use

    • Because of the association with Lord Jagannath huge funds can be raised for the university

  • How

    • Hire someone globally known; say LalitMansingh and put him in charge to raise 500-1000 crores for this university

    • Goal would be to establish a university that would have all branches (engineering, medicine, management, Culture, Liberal arts, music etc.)

    • Initially at some location near Puri (say Satyavadi); later branches can be established across Odisha and even outside Odisha.

    • Create hype from Day 1 (similar to the hype created for Nalanda University in Bihar); have well known people from all over the world in the executive board of this university.

      • The hype is needed to attract top faculty.


Other proactive steps Universities/Institutions


Pursuing indian billionaires
Pursuing Indian Billionaires Universities/Institutions

  • BITS Piliani campus (currently they have campuses in Pilani, Goal, Hyderabad, Dubai), perhaps near Bhubaneswar

    • BITS Management School (Late Sir Birla had talked about his goal to establish an IIM type school)

  • BIT Mesra type institute in Jharsuguda (they also have a BIT Patna) - from a different Birla family

  • Reliance University (Mukesh and Nita Ambani; Approach them and offer 2000 acres as opposed to 100-200 acres that they can get in Mumbai/Delhi)

    • Should Rabi Bastia be approached; Perhaps direct CM letter would be best

  • AjimPremji University: He has established one in Bangalore

  • Jindal University: He has one in Haryana

  • Pursue with Tatas: After their Kalinganagar plant is commissioned


From mineral resources to human resources
From Mineral Resources to Human Resources Universities/Institutions

  • Mineral resources will be eventually gone

  • Saudi Arabia realized it and has focused on

    • Infrastructure

    • Universities and higher education

      • KAUST (King Abdullah Univ of Sc and Tech) - $8 Billion

      • Branches of many foreign universities

  • Odisha must link mineral use by companies with HRD at all levels


Pursuing industries from mineral resources to human resources private ones
Pursuing Industries (from mineral resources to human resources): Private Ones

  • Birla, Jindal, Tata, Mukesh Ambani already mentioned.

  • POSCO – an institute like POSTECH in South Korea

    • Postech is among the top 2 universities in South Korea


Pursuing industries from mineral resources to human resources public sector ones
Pursuing Industries (from mineral resources to human resources): Public Sector ones

  • NALCO: Medical, Engineering and Management colleges

  • NTPC: Medical, Engineering and Management colleges

  • SAIL: Medical, Engineering and Management colleges

  • MCL: Already promised medical college. Should also establish Engineering and Management colleges


Pursuing successful indian societies
Pursuing successful Indian Societies resources): Public Sector ones

  • Amrita University (already being pursued)

  • Pursue Sai Baba

  • DAV Society

    • DAV College Chandigarh and Hans Raj College Delhi are top DAV colleges

    • DAV Business school in Bhubaneswar offers BBA (their students get top ranks) and has applied to AICTE to offer MBA.

    • Get in touch with the DAV society and help them make a good college and then grow into a university

  • Loyola – They have a school; Encourage them to make a college with the help of Loyola College Chennai

  • St. Josephs - They have a school; Encourage them to make a college with the help of St. Josephs College in Bangalore

  • ISB Hyderabad – they are making a campus in Chandigarh

  • IIM Kolkata – IIM Ahmedabad is making a campus in Hyderabad


Pursuing the central government
Pursuing the Central Government resources): Public Sector ones

  • TIFR east: Original one in Mumbai; Recently a branch in Hyderabad at the cost of Rs 2500 crores (over 12-15 years) has been approved.

  • IIM

  • Upgrade VSSUT Burla to an IIEST

  • National Institute of Design

  • SPA: School of Planning & Architecture

  • National School of Drama

  • Rural engineering institute: Like SLIET (Punjab), ABA Gani Khan Choudhury IET (West Bengal)

  • Upgrade one of the medical college to AIIMS level (besides the new AIIMs-like institute in Bhubaneswar)

  • Regional/National Institute of Paramedical Sciences

  • ESI Medical College in Rourkela (in addition to one in Bhubaneswar)

  • Medical College as part of CUO Koraput

  • ECOR Medical College

  • NIPER (National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research)


Pursuing central government 2
Pursuing Central Government-2 resources): Public Sector ones

  • Upgrade Regional Institute of Education to National Institute of Education

  • Upgrade IIMC Dhenkanal

  • Upgrade IITTM Bhubaneswar

  • Upgrade ERLC in Bhubaneswar (part of CIIL Mysore)

  • Upgrade RashtriyaSanskri t Sansthan campus in Puri

  • Upgrade BPNSI Puri

  • A Sports institute like NSI Patiala

  • CDAC Center

  • Branch of Indian Statistical Institute

  • Branch of Workers technological university

  • Branch of Maritime University

  • Branch of National Academy of Construction

  • National Library

  • National Archive


Attracting foreign universities to odisha
Attracting Foreign Universities to resources): Public Sector onesOdisha

  • Jesuit Universities Complex adjacent to Xavier University

    • Specifically pursue Georgetown University

  • University of Nebraska Medical School

    • Already connected to Asian Institute of Public Health and through them to Ravenshaw University

  • Stanford/Arizona-State-University mentorship of the Innovation University

  • POSTECH South Korea

    • Through POSCO pursue other Korean Universities to set up campus

  • Be in the lookout for opportunities

    • Have facilities ready and available

    • Have private/industrial partners ready


Additional state efforts beyond the hetf report
Additional State efforts: resources): Public Sector onesbeyond the HETF report

  • Comprehensive Universities

    • Utkal: Add CET and Capital Medical College to create a comprehensive university

    • Ravenshaw: Add SCB and an engineering college (upgrade BOSE to an engineering college)

    • Berhampur: Add MKCG and ParlaMaharaj Engineering College

    • Sambalpur: Add VSS Medical College

  • Upgrading the research in the state universities

    • Ask each department to compare itself with the top 10 in India and aim to be in the top 20. (see the ranking based on publications in quality venues)

  • Metropolitan University

    • Bhubaneswar: Combine government colleges in Bhubaneswar, Cuttack area.

      • Aim to be like Delhi University

    • Rourkela (mentioned in HETF report)


Some state private universities
Some state private universities resources): Public Sector ones

  • NIST Berhampur (Among top 2 private colleges; caters to backward south Orissa)

  • GIET Gunupur (Among top 10 private colleges; largest engineering college in Eastern India; caters to backward Rayagada district)

  • Silicon Bhubaneswar (Top private college of the state)

  • CV Raman Bhubaneswar (if they make a medical college)

  • Hi-Tech (Because they made medical college)

  • KISS

  • CEB/Koustuv (If they make medical college)

  • Krupajal (if they make medical college)

  • See “notes” below on how to decide on private universities.


Conclusion
Conclusion resources): Public Sector ones