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Global Regents Review. Mr. Kovalchik. Culture. Definition: Elements. Cultural Diffusion. Definition Examples Causes Effects. Cultural Isolation. Definition Examples Causes Effects. Imperialism. Definition Examples Causes Effects. Ethnocentrism. Definition Examples Causes

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Global Regents Review

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Global Regents Review

Mr. Kovalchik


Culture

  • Definition:

  • Elements


Cultural Diffusion

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Cultural Isolation

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Imperialism

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Ethnocentrism

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Trade

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Economic Systems

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Political Systems

  • Types

  • Role of Individual

  • Use of force

  • Restrictions upon?

  • Examples of Tyranny/Genocide/HRV


Geography Terms

  • Latitude

  • Longitude

  • West Wind Drift

  • Isthmus

  • Strait

  • Archipelago


Key Geographic Regions

  • Continents

  • Regional Names and Identities

  • Distribution of Natural Resources

  • Best Harbors

  • Best Climates

  • Climate Regions


Specific Geographic Places

  • Bosporus

  • Himalayas

  • Amazon

  • Nile

  • Cape of Good Hope

  • Cape Horn

  • Strait of Gibraltar

  • Persian Gulf

  • Deccan Plateau


Geographic Themes

  • Place

  • Movement

  • Topography

  • Interaction

  • Scarcity

  • Navigation


Law

  • Written Law Codes

    • Importance of

    • Examples of

    • Necessity if

    • Current Function

    • What features have endured over the years/Philosophy…What is “law” for?


Early Peoples

  • “Lucy”

  • Evolution

  • Migration

  • Nomads

  • Stone Age Culture


Neolithic/Agricultural Revolution

  • New Tool Age/New Stone Age

  • Causes of

  • Effects of

  • Where? Why?


Elements of a Civilization

  • Language

  • Borders

  • Culture

  • Institutions


Centralized Authority

  • Purpose

  • Good Points?

  • Bad Points?


Bureaucracy

  • Government by Department

  • Paperwork

  • The “gears” of a Centralized Authority


Dynastic Rule

  • Evolution of

  • Quite common is most early civilizations

  • Major Examples

    • Chinese

    • European


Indo European Migrations

  • Bringing Language out of EurAsia to Europe and the Middle East


Bantu Migrations

  • Bringing language to Africa

  • Relationship with spread of Iron Working


Mesopotamia

  • “Cradle of Civilization”

  • Geographic Benefits

  • Major Civilizations


Egypt

  • Gift of the Nile

  • Relationship with Geography

  • Relationship with Rome


Indus River Valley

  • “Stuff” Harrappans (sp?)

  • Planned cities


Assyrians

  • Warlike Culture

  • Known for brutality

  • Ashiburnipal/Library at Nineveh


Minoans

  • Crete

  • Trade destination

  • Minotaur

  • Sudden Demise


Phoenicians

  • Purple Dye

  • Carriers of Civilization

  • Phoenician Alphabet

  • Carthage


Shang Chinese

  • “Yellow River Valley”

  • Loess

  • China’s Sorrow


Qin Dynasty

  • Dynastic Rule

  • Human Rights Violations

  • Qin Shi Huang Di

  • Criminal of 10,000 Generations


Dynastic Cycle

  • Ebb and flow

  • Mandate of Heaven


Han Dynasty

  • When

  • Why

  • Legacy?


Mauryan Empire


Asoka


Ancient Greece

  • Geography

  • Art

  • Literature

  • Religion

  • Philosophy

  • Science

  • Government

  • Athens

  • Sparta


Athens

  • When Powerful

  • Golden Age of Greece

  • Persian Wars/Marathon

  • Council of 500

  • Direct Democracy

  • Education


Sparta

  • Militarism

  • Helots

  • Thermopylae


Greek Philosophy

  • Science

  • Morality

  • Bravery

  • Law


Aristocracy

  • Who gets to own the land?


Hellenism

  • “Hellas”

  • Causes

  • Effects


Alexander the Great

  • Schooling

  • Military Prowess

  • Hellenism


Ancient Roman Republic

  • Development

  • 12 Tables

  • Senate

  • Plebeians

  • Patricians

  • Caesar


Ancient Roman Empire

  • Mare Nostrum

  • Dynasties

  • Dictatorship

  • Ruination/Fall of Rome in West


Roman Trade

  • Mare Nostrum

  • Silk Road

  • Trans Saharan trade

  • Egypt

  • Spice Trade


Roman Imperialism

  • Theft is not self-sustaining

  • Resistance? (Jews)


Roman Decline

  • Taxes

  • Mercenaries

  • Public Apathy

  • Weak Borders

  • Amorality

  • Lack of new revenue


Judaism

  • Thorn in Roman’s Side

  • Birth of Jesus of Nazareth.

  • Culture/Religion/Race


Christianity

  • How born

  • Troubled Start

  • Edict of Milan

  • Development of Roman Catholic Church

  • Eventual Spread

  • Schisms


Byzantine Empire

  • Bosporus

  • Constantine

  • Religion

  • Justinian’s Code

  • Influence on Russia


Byzantine Trade

  • Bosporus

  • Greek Fire


Byzantine Religion

  • Orthodox Christianity

  • Iconoclast Movement

  • Regional Influence


Development of Russia

  • Viking Influence

  • Byzantine Influence


Animism

  • Polytheism

  • “Pagan”

  • All natural things have a spiritual presence


Islam

  • Monotheism

  • 5 Pillars

  • Mohammed

  • Gabriel

  • Allah

  • Sunni/Shiite

  • Ramadan


Confucianism

  • Filial Piety

  • Attempted extermination of:

  • Emphasis on family


Taoism/Daoism

  • Laozi

  • Dao de Jing


Shintoism

  • Animistic

  • Japan

  • Shrines to nature

  • Running Water

  • Bushido - 5 Ways of Gentlemen


Hinduism

  • Dharma

  • Karma

  • Reincarnations

  • Caste System

  • Suttee

  • Rigid Social Order

  • Polytheistic/Animistic


Buddhism

  • Siddhartha

  • Birth in India

  • Cultural Diffusion - China/Korea/Japan

  • Dali Lama


Protestant Reformation

  • Causes

  • Effects

  • Martin Luther

  • 95 Theses

  • Printing Press

  • Intentions of Nobles

  • RCC’s reaction

  • Henry VIII

  • Calvinism


Martin Luther

  • “Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise.”


Henry VIII


Calvinism (forms)


Golden Age of Islam


Islamic Spain


Franks (Merovingians)


Roman Catholic Church

  • Pope Gregory’s Rules


Vikings


Gupta Dynasty


Tang and Song Dynasties


Manorialism


European Feudalism


Monasticism


Roman Catholic Church as Secular Influence


Jewish Presence Medieval Europe


Crusades


Impact of Crusades


Norman Conquest


Venice


Early Japan

  • Geography - Archipelago

  • Bushido - Family Honor

  • Shinto

  • Warrior Culture

  • Zen


Mongol Domination


Genghis Khan


Kublai Khan


Marco Polo


Mughals


Global Trade/Exploration

  • Zeng He

  • Eric the Red

  • Leif Ericson

  • Canton/Mogadishu/Cairo


Trade Fairs/Growth of Towns

  • Gorods


Guild System


Hundred Years War


Plague/Black Death

  • Causes

  • Effects

    • Short Term

    • Long Term


Commercial Revolution


Capitalism

  • Market Economics

  • Banking

  • Insurance


Humanism


Renaissance

  • Beginnings in Italy 1350

  • Byzantine Connection

  • Emergent Middle Class

  • Patronage


Renaissance Era Artists


Renaissance Era Writers


Gutenbergs Press


Precursors to Protestant Reformation


Protestant Reformation


Martin Luther

  • 95 Theses

  • “Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise”.


Thirty Years War


English Limited Monarchy


Africa

  • Geographic Diversity

  • Cultural Diversity

  • Natural Resources

  • Limitations on Trade


Ghana


Mali


Mansa Musa


Timbuktu


Mesoamerica


Maya


Aztec


Inca


The Ottoman Empire


Explorers


Colonial Powers


Spanis Atrocities

  • Las Casas

  • Encomienda

  • African Solution


Triangular Trade


African Diaspora

  • Middle Passage


Columbian Exchange


Triangular Trade


Mercantilism


Absolutism


Louis XIV


Charles I England


Ivan Terrible


Peter the Great


Frederick the Great


Westernization


English Civil War

  • Roundheads

  • Oliver Cromwell

  • Glorious Revolution


Theocracy


Scientific Revolution

  • Greek Roots

  • Scientific Method


Enlightenment Scientists

  • Copernicus

  • Galileo

  • Newton


Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Locke

  • Montesquieu

  • Voltaire

  • Rousseau


Enlightened Despots


Nationalism


Revolutions


French Revolution


French Imperialism

  • Napoleon


Latin American Independence

  • L’Overture

  • Simon Bolivar


Congress of Vienna


Early European Revolutions


Czarist Russia


Latin American Instability

  • Geography

  • Social Injustice

  • Power of Roman Catholic Church


Mexican Revolution


European Unification/Nationalism

  • Italy

  • Germany

  • Zionism

  • India

  • Turkey

  • Austria-Hungary


Agrarian Revolution


Industrial Revolution


Factory System/Mass Production


Economic Theories

  • Laissez Faire

  • Social Darwinism

  • Socialism

  • Marxism

  • Labor Union Movement


Global Impact of Industrialization


Global Migrations


Japan/Meji Restoration


Imperial Japan


Imperial Britian


Imperial France


Scramble for Africa

  • Boer War


Imperialism in China/East Asia


Rebellions in East Asia


20th Century (1900-1950)

  • Pasteur

  • Koch

  • Improved Standard of Living


New Inventions

  • Elecricity

  • Telephone

  • Radio

  • Automobile

  • Airplane


World War I


End of Czarist Rule - Rise of Lenin


Russo Japanese War 1905


Bolshevik Revolution


Stalin’s Russia


Command Economy


Treaty of Versailles


The League of Nations


Nationalist Movements


Women’s Sufferage


Global Economic Depression


Fascism


Mussolini


Hitler


Japanese Militarism


German Militarism


World War II


Key Battles

  • North Africa

  • Sicily

  • Midway

  • Coral Sea

  • Battle of Stalingrad

  • Battle of Normandy


War Atrocities

  • Holocaust

  • Rape of Nanking

  • Bataan Death March


Effects of World War II

  • Entry into Atomic Age

  • Nuremburg Trials


Cold War


Iron Curtain Powers


NATO Powers


Truman Doctrine


Marshall Plan


Containment in East Asia


Unrest in Middle East


Unrest in Africa


Divergent Economic Theories

  • Command Economics

  • Market Economics


Economic Interdependence


Pacific Rim Economic Powers

  • Japan

  • Taiwan

  • Hong Kong

  • Singapore

  • South Korea


Opec


Two Chinas

  • Why?

  • People Responsible


Communist China (Red China)


Mao Zedong


Deng Xiaoping


Tiananmen Square Rebellion


Indian Independence


Ghandi


Partition of India

  • India

  • Pakistan

  • Sikh Separatists


African Independence Movements


Important African Leaders


Nelson Mandela


Apartheid


Power Struggles in South East Asia


Independence movements in Middle East


The Nation of Israel


The Mid-East Peace?


The Iranian Revolution


Theocracy


Islamic Fundamentalism


Global Terrorism

  • Islamic Fundamentalists

  • IRA


Cold War


Collapse of Communism


Gorbachev


Breakup of the Soviet Union


Eastern Europe after the fall of the Iron Curtain


Afghanistan

  • Soviet Involvement

  • American Involvement


Latin American Power Struggles


US Involvement in Latin America


Modern Issues

  • Wealth Disparity

  • Unfavorable Geography left to develop

  • Population Growth

  • World Water availability

  • Political Instability

  • Nuclear Proliferation

  • Terrorism


Modern Issues (continued)

  • Emergence of new economic powers

    • China

    • Brazil


Modern Issues

  • Growth of Social Media - Cultural Diffusion

  • Price of Oil

  • Global Climate Change

  • Global Trade Events/Concerns

  • International Drug Trade

    • Designer Drugs


Global Financial Crisis

  • European Union (Euro)

  • IMF

  • G-20


Global War on Terrorism

  • al Qaeda

  • Islamic Fundamentalism

  • State Sponsors of Terror

  • Nuclear Iran and North Korea


Modern Ethnic Tensions

  • Northern Ireland

  • Balkans and Ukraine

  • The Kurds

  • Tibet


Modern Global “Hot Spots”

  • Iraq

  • Pakistan

  • North Korea


United Nations


Conflict between Modernization and Tradition

  • Westernization

  • Fundamentalism

  • Orthodoxy

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Iran

  • Egypt

  • Muslim Brotherhood


Womens’ Developing Historical Role

  • Struggle against Patriarchies

  • Maternal Societies

  • Current treatment of women

    • First World

    • Third World

    • Islam


Nascent Revolutions

  • Green Revolution

  • Digital Revolution

  • Literacy

  • Space Age Benefits/Concerns

  • Privacy Concerns


Global Environmental Concerns


Developing

  • World Monetary Crises

  • Potential for Viral Outbreak/Trade Rts

  • Normalizing alternate lifestyles


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