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Global Regents Review. Mr. Kovalchik. Culture. Definition: Elements. Cultural Diffusion. Definition Examples Causes Effects. Cultural Isolation. Definition Examples Causes Effects. Imperialism. Definition Examples Causes Effects. Ethnocentrism. Definition Examples Causes

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Global regents review

Global Regents Review

Mr. Kovalchik


Culture

Culture

  • Definition:

  • Elements


Cultural diffusion

Cultural Diffusion

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Cultural isolation

Cultural Isolation

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Imperialism

Imperialism

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Trade

Trade

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Economic systems

Economic Systems

  • Definition

  • Examples

  • Causes

  • Effects


Political systems

Political Systems

  • Types

  • Role of Individual

  • Use of force

  • Restrictions upon?

  • Examples of Tyranny/Genocide/HRV


Geography terms

Geography Terms

  • Latitude

  • Longitude

  • West Wind Drift

  • Isthmus

  • Strait

  • Archipelago


Key geographic regions

Key Geographic Regions

  • Continents

  • Regional Names and Identities

  • Distribution of Natural Resources

  • Best Harbors

  • Best Climates

  • Climate Regions


Specific geographic places

Specific Geographic Places

  • Bosporus

  • Himalayas

  • Amazon

  • Nile

  • Cape of Good Hope

  • Cape Horn

  • Strait of Gibraltar

  • Persian Gulf

  • Deccan Plateau


Geographic themes

Geographic Themes

  • Place

  • Movement

  • Topography

  • Interaction

  • Scarcity

  • Navigation


Global regents review

Law

  • Written Law Codes

    • Importance of

    • Examples of

    • Necessity if

    • Current Function

    • What features have endured over the years/Philosophy…What is “law” for?


Early peoples

Early Peoples

  • “Lucy”

  • Evolution

  • Migration

  • Nomads

  • Stone Age Culture


Neolithic agricultural revolution

Neolithic/Agricultural Revolution

  • New Tool Age/New Stone Age

  • Causes of

  • Effects of

  • Where? Why?


Elements of a civilization

Elements of a Civilization

  • Language

  • Borders

  • Culture

  • Institutions


Centralized authority

Centralized Authority

  • Purpose

  • Good Points?

  • Bad Points?


Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy

  • Government by Department

  • Paperwork

  • The “gears” of a Centralized Authority


Dynastic rule

Dynastic Rule

  • Evolution of

  • Quite common is most early civilizations

  • Major Examples

    • Chinese

    • European


Indo european migrations

Indo European Migrations

  • Bringing Language out of EurAsia to Europe and the Middle East


Bantu migrations

Bantu Migrations

  • Bringing language to Africa

  • Relationship with spread of Iron Working


Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

  • “Cradle of Civilization”

  • Geographic Benefits

  • Major Civilizations


Egypt

Egypt

  • Gift of the Nile

  • Relationship with Geography

  • Relationship with Rome


Indus river valley

Indus River Valley

  • “Stuff” Harrappans (sp?)

  • Planned cities


Assyrians

Assyrians

  • Warlike Culture

  • Known for brutality

  • Ashiburnipal/Library at Nineveh


Minoans

Minoans

  • Crete

  • Trade destination

  • Minotaur

  • Sudden Demise


Phoenicians

Phoenicians

  • Purple Dye

  • Carriers of Civilization

  • Phoenician Alphabet

  • Carthage


Shang chinese

Shang Chinese

  • “Yellow River Valley”

  • Loess

  • China’s Sorrow


Qin dynasty

Qin Dynasty

  • Dynastic Rule

  • Human Rights Violations

  • Qin Shi Huang Di

  • Criminal of 10,000 Generations


Dynastic cycle

Dynastic Cycle

  • Ebb and flow

  • Mandate of Heaven


Han dynasty

Han Dynasty

  • When

  • Why

  • Legacy?


Mauryan empire

Mauryan Empire


Asoka

Asoka


Ancient greece

Ancient Greece

  • Geography

  • Art

  • Literature

  • Religion

  • Philosophy

  • Science

  • Government

  • Athens

  • Sparta


Athens

Athens

  • When Powerful

  • Golden Age of Greece

  • Persian Wars/Marathon

  • Council of 500

  • Direct Democracy

  • Education


Sparta

Sparta

  • Militarism

  • Helots

  • Thermopylae


Greek philosophy

Greek Philosophy

  • Science

  • Morality

  • Bravery

  • Law


Aristocracy

Aristocracy

  • Who gets to own the land?


Hellenism

Hellenism

  • “Hellas”

  • Causes

  • Effects


Alexander the great

Alexander the Great

  • Schooling

  • Military Prowess

  • Hellenism


Ancient roman republic

Ancient Roman Republic

  • Development

  • 12 Tables

  • Senate

  • Plebeians

  • Patricians

  • Caesar


Ancient roman empire

Ancient Roman Empire

  • Mare Nostrum

  • Dynasties

  • Dictatorship

  • Ruination/Fall of Rome in West


Roman trade

Roman Trade

  • Mare Nostrum

  • Silk Road

  • Trans Saharan trade

  • Egypt

  • Spice Trade


Roman imperialism

Roman Imperialism

  • Theft is not self-sustaining

  • Resistance? (Jews)


Roman decline

Roman Decline

  • Taxes

  • Mercenaries

  • Public Apathy

  • Weak Borders

  • Amorality

  • Lack of new revenue


Judaism

Judaism

  • Thorn in Roman’s Side

  • Birth of Jesus of Nazareth.

  • Culture/Religion/Race


Christianity

Christianity

  • How born

  • Troubled Start

  • Edict of Milan

  • Development of Roman Catholic Church

  • Eventual Spread

  • Schisms


Byzantine empire

Byzantine Empire

  • Bosporus

  • Constantine

  • Religion

  • Justinian’s Code

  • Influence on Russia


Byzantine trade

Byzantine Trade

  • Bosporus

  • Greek Fire


Byzantine religion

Byzantine Religion

  • Orthodox Christianity

  • Iconoclast Movement

  • Regional Influence


Development of russia

Development of Russia

  • Viking Influence

  • Byzantine Influence


Animism

Animism

  • Polytheism

  • “Pagan”

  • All natural things have a spiritual presence


Islam

Islam

  • Monotheism

  • 5 Pillars

  • Mohammed

  • Gabriel

  • Allah

  • Sunni/Shiite

  • Ramadan


Confucianism

Confucianism

  • Filial Piety

  • Attempted extermination of:

  • Emphasis on family


Taoism daoism

Taoism/Daoism

  • Laozi

  • Dao de Jing


Shintoism

Shintoism

  • Animistic

  • Japan

  • Shrines to nature

  • Running Water

  • Bushido - 5 Ways of Gentlemen


Hinduism

Hinduism

  • Dharma

  • Karma

  • Reincarnations

  • Caste System

  • Suttee

  • Rigid Social Order

  • Polytheistic/Animistic


Buddhism

Buddhism

  • Siddhartha

  • Birth in India

  • Cultural Diffusion - China/Korea/Japan

  • Dali Lama


Protestant reformation

Protestant Reformation

  • Causes

  • Effects

  • Martin Luther

  • 95 Theses

  • Printing Press

  • Intentions of Nobles

  • RCC’s reaction

  • Henry VIII

  • Calvinism


Martin luther

Martin Luther

  • “Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise.”


Henry viii

Henry VIII


Calvinism forms

Calvinism (forms)


Golden age of islam

Golden Age of Islam


Islamic spain

Islamic Spain


Franks merovingians

Franks (Merovingians)


Roman catholic church

Roman Catholic Church

  • Pope Gregory’s Rules


Vikings

Vikings


Gupta dynasty

Gupta Dynasty


Tang and song dynasties

Tang and Song Dynasties


Manorialism

Manorialism


European feudalism

European Feudalism


Monasticism

Monasticism


Roman catholic church as secular influence

Roman Catholic Church as Secular Influence


Jewish presence medieval europe

Jewish Presence Medieval Europe


Crusades

Crusades


Impact of crusades

Impact of Crusades


Norman conquest

Norman Conquest


Venice

Venice


Early japan

Early Japan

  • Geography - Archipelago

  • Bushido - Family Honor

  • Shinto

  • Warrior Culture

  • Zen


Mongol domination

Mongol Domination


Genghis khan

Genghis Khan


Kublai khan

Kublai Khan


Marco polo

Marco Polo


Mughals

Mughals


Global trade exploration

Global Trade/Exploration

  • Zeng He

  • Eric the Red

  • Leif Ericson

  • Canton/Mogadishu/Cairo


Trade fairs growth of towns

Trade Fairs/Growth of Towns

  • Gorods


Guild system

Guild System


Hundred years war

Hundred Years War


Plague black death

Plague/Black Death

  • Causes

  • Effects

    • Short Term

    • Long Term


Commercial revolution

Commercial Revolution


Capitalism

Capitalism

  • Market Economics

  • Banking

  • Insurance


Humanism

Humanism


Renaissance

Renaissance

  • Beginnings in Italy 1350

  • Byzantine Connection

  • Emergent Middle Class

  • Patronage


Renaissance era artists

Renaissance Era Artists


Renaissance era writers

Renaissance Era Writers


Gutenbergs press

Gutenbergs Press


Precursors to protestant reformation

Precursors to Protestant Reformation


Protestant reformation1

Protestant Reformation


Martin luther1

Martin Luther

  • 95 Theses

  • “Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise”.


Thirty years war

Thirty Years War


English limited monarchy

English Limited Monarchy


Africa

Africa

  • Geographic Diversity

  • Cultural Diversity

  • Natural Resources

  • Limitations on Trade


Ghana

Ghana


Global regents review

Mali


Mansa musa

Mansa Musa


Timbuktu

Timbuktu


Mesoamerica

Mesoamerica


Global regents review

Maya


Aztec

Aztec


Global regents review

Inca


The ottoman empire

The Ottoman Empire


Explorers

Explorers


Colonial powers

Colonial Powers


Spanis atrocities

Spanis Atrocities

  • Las Casas

  • Encomienda

  • African Solution


Triangular trade

Triangular Trade


African diaspora

African Diaspora

  • Middle Passage


Columbian exchange

Columbian Exchange


Triangular trade1

Triangular Trade


Mercantilism

Mercantilism


Absolutism

Absolutism


Louis xiv

Louis XIV


Charles i england

Charles I England


Ivan terrible

Ivan Terrible


Peter the great

Peter the Great


Frederick the great

Frederick the Great


Westernization

Westernization


English civil war

English Civil War

  • Roundheads

  • Oliver Cromwell

  • Glorious Revolution


Theocracy

Theocracy


Scientific revolution

Scientific Revolution

  • Greek Roots

  • Scientific Method


Enlightenment scientists

Enlightenment Scientists

  • Copernicus

  • Galileo

  • Newton


Enlightenment thinkers

Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Locke

  • Montesquieu

  • Voltaire

  • Rousseau


Enlightened despots

Enlightened Despots


Nationalism

Nationalism


Revolutions

Revolutions


French revolution

French Revolution


French imperialism

French Imperialism

  • Napoleon


Latin american independence

Latin American Independence

  • L’Overture

  • Simon Bolivar


Congress of vienna

Congress of Vienna


Early european revolutions

Early European Revolutions


Czarist russia

Czarist Russia


Latin american instability

Latin American Instability

  • Geography

  • Social Injustice

  • Power of Roman Catholic Church


Mexican revolution

Mexican Revolution


European unification nationalism

European Unification/Nationalism

  • Italy

  • Germany

  • Zionism

  • India

  • Turkey

  • Austria-Hungary


Agrarian revolution

Agrarian Revolution


Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution


Factory system mass production

Factory System/Mass Production


Economic theories

Economic Theories

  • Laissez Faire

  • Social Darwinism

  • Socialism

  • Marxism

  • Labor Union Movement


Global impact of industrialization

Global Impact of Industrialization


Global migrations

Global Migrations


Japan meji restoration

Japan/Meji Restoration


Imperial japan

Imperial Japan


Imperial britian

Imperial Britian


Imperial france

Imperial France


Scramble for africa

Scramble for Africa

  • Boer War


Imperialism in china east asia

Imperialism in China/East Asia


Rebellions in east asia

Rebellions in East Asia


20th century 1900 1950

20th Century (1900-1950)

  • Pasteur

  • Koch

  • Improved Standard of Living


New inventions

New Inventions

  • Elecricity

  • Telephone

  • Radio

  • Automobile

  • Airplane


World war i

World War I


End of czarist rule rise of lenin

End of Czarist Rule - Rise of Lenin


Russo japanese war 1905

Russo Japanese War 1905


Bolshevik revolution

Bolshevik Revolution


Stalin s russia

Stalin’s Russia


Command economy

Command Economy


Treaty of versailles

Treaty of Versailles


The league of nations

The League of Nations


Nationalist movements

Nationalist Movements


Women s sufferage

Women’s Sufferage


Global economic depression

Global Economic Depression


Fascism

Fascism


Mussolini

Mussolini


Hitler

Hitler


Japanese militarism

Japanese Militarism


German militarism

German Militarism


World war ii

World War II


Key battles

Key Battles

  • North Africa

  • Sicily

  • Midway

  • Coral Sea

  • Battle of Stalingrad

  • Battle of Normandy


War atrocities

War Atrocities

  • Holocaust

  • Rape of Nanking

  • Bataan Death March


Effects of world war ii

Effects of World War II

  • Entry into Atomic Age

  • Nuremburg Trials


Cold war

Cold War


Iron curtain powers

Iron Curtain Powers


Nato powers

NATO Powers


Truman doctrine

Truman Doctrine


Marshall plan

Marshall Plan


Containment in east asia

Containment in East Asia


Unrest in middle east

Unrest in Middle East


Unrest in africa

Unrest in Africa


Divergent economic theories

Divergent Economic Theories

  • Command Economics

  • Market Economics


Economic interdependence

Economic Interdependence


Pacific rim economic powers

Pacific Rim Economic Powers

  • Japan

  • Taiwan

  • Hong Kong

  • Singapore

  • South Korea


Global regents review

Opec


Two chinas

Two Chinas

  • Why?

  • People Responsible


Communist china red china

Communist China (Red China)


Mao zedong

Mao Zedong


Deng xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping


Tiananmen square rebellion

Tiananmen Square Rebellion


Indian independence

Indian Independence


Ghandi

Ghandi


Partition of india

Partition of India

  • India

  • Pakistan

  • Sikh Separatists


African independence movements

African Independence Movements


Important african leaders

Important African Leaders


Nelson mandela

Nelson Mandela


Apartheid

Apartheid


Power struggles in south east asia

Power Struggles in South East Asia


Independence movements in middle east

Independence movements in Middle East


The nation of israel

The Nation of Israel


The mid east peace

The Mid-East Peace?


The iranian revolution

The Iranian Revolution


Theocracy1

Theocracy


Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic Fundamentalism


Global terrorism

Global Terrorism

  • Islamic Fundamentalists

  • IRA


Cold war1

Cold War


Collapse of communism

Collapse of Communism


Gorbachev

Gorbachev


Breakup of the soviet union

Breakup of the Soviet Union


Eastern europe after the fall of the iron curtain

Eastern Europe after the fall of the Iron Curtain


Afghanistan

Afghanistan

  • Soviet Involvement

  • American Involvement


Latin american power struggles

Latin American Power Struggles


Us involvement in latin america

US Involvement in Latin America


Modern issues

Modern Issues

  • Wealth Disparity

  • Unfavorable Geography left to develop

  • Population Growth

  • World Water availability

  • Political Instability

  • Nuclear Proliferation

  • Terrorism


Modern issues continued

Modern Issues (continued)

  • Emergence of new economic powers

    • China

    • Brazil


Modern issues1

Modern Issues

  • Growth of Social Media - Cultural Diffusion

  • Price of Oil

  • Global Climate Change

  • Global Trade Events/Concerns

  • International Drug Trade

    • Designer Drugs


Global financial crisis

Global Financial Crisis

  • European Union (Euro)

  • IMF

  • G-20


Global war on terrorism

Global War on Terrorism

  • al Qaeda

  • Islamic Fundamentalism

  • State Sponsors of Terror

  • Nuclear Iran and North Korea


Modern ethnic tensions

Modern Ethnic Tensions

  • Northern Ireland

  • Balkans and Ukraine

  • The Kurds

  • Tibet


Modern global hot spots

Modern Global “Hot Spots”

  • Iraq

  • Pakistan

  • North Korea


United nations

United Nations


Conflict between modernization and tradition

Conflict between Modernization and Tradition

  • Westernization

  • Fundamentalism

  • Orthodoxy

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Iran

  • Egypt

  • Muslim Brotherhood


Womens developing historical role

Womens’ Developing Historical Role

  • Struggle against Patriarchies

  • Maternal Societies

  • Current treatment of women

    • First World

    • Third World

    • Islam


Nascent revolutions

Nascent Revolutions

  • Green Revolution

  • Digital Revolution

  • Literacy

  • Space Age Benefits/Concerns

  • Privacy Concerns


Global environmental concerns

Global Environmental Concerns


Developing

Developing

  • World Monetary Crises

  • Potential for Viral Outbreak/Trade Rts

  • Normalizing alternate lifestyles


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