Chapter 9
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Chapter 9. The Age of Reform. Progressivism. Focused on urban problems, such as the plight of workers, poor sanitation, and corrupt political machines Work place-dangerous conditions Social problems-wanted people to have great control over government Politics-expose corruption.

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Chapter 9

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Chapter 9

Chapter 9

The Age of Reform


Progressivism

Progressivism

  • Focused on urban problems, such as the plight of workers, poor sanitation, and corrupt political machines

  • Work place-dangerous conditions

  • Social problems-wanted people to have great control over government

  • Politics-expose corruption


Industry reform

Industry reform

  • Campaigned for labor laws that would prohibit or limit child labor and improve conditions for female workers

  • Workplace safety-Triangle Shirtwaist Fire


Reforming society

Reforming society

  • Clean up cities

  • Fix the tenement housing issue

  • Safe places for children to play

  • Health care

  • City-planning movement-park construction, building codes, sanitation standards, and zoning


Moral reform

Moral reform

  • Prohibition-a ban on the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcoholic beverages


Racial discrimination

Racial Discrimination

  • Few white progressives devoted much energy to the problems of discrimination and prejudice against African Americans and American Indians

  • NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

  • Society of American Indians


Chapter 10

Chapter 10

  • Progressive Politicians


Section 1 reforming government

Section 1-Reforming Government

  • Election reforms-give the government back to the people

    • Direct primary

    • 17th Amendment-gave voters the power to elect their senators directly


Section 2 roosevelt and the square deal

Section 2 Roosevelt and the Square Deal

  • “bully pulpit”

  • Square Deal-wanted to balance the interests of business, consumers, and labor

  • Limited the power of trusts, promoted public health and safety and improved working conditions


Practices of food and drug companies

Practices of food and drug companies

  • Drug companies, food processors and meat packers were selling dangerous products (churching spoiled butter with skim milk would make it look fresh; chemicals used to take away odor of old eggs)

  • Upton Sinclair The Jungle

  • 1906 Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act


Protecting the environment

Protecting the Environment

  • 150 million acres as forest reserves

  • National Park Service was created in 1916


Women s suffrage

Women’s Suffrage

  • National American Women Suffrage Association

  • Long hard struggle

  • Women threw their support behind WWI and this helped to weaken opposition to women’s suffrage

  • President Wilson supported this cause in 1918

  • 1920 the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified


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