Opportunity and the Detroit Metropolitan Region
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Opportunity and the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Mapping Trends and Existing Conditions in Detroit and the Surrounding Region to Catalyze Opportunity Initiatives. David Norris, Director of Opportunity Mapping Kip Holley, Research Associate. Overview. Maps and Indexes

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Opportunity and the Detroit Metropolitan Region

Mapping Trends and Existing Conditions in Detroit and the Surrounding Region to Catalyze Opportunity Initiatives

David Norris, Director of Opportunity Mapping

Kip Holley, Research Associate


Overview

  • Maps and Indexes

    • Opportunity across the Region

    • Opportunity within Detroit

    • Assets and Opportunity within Detroit

    • Regional Trends

  • Analysis

    • Race and Opportunity

    • Demographics of Change

    • Dynamics of Change

    • Diversity, Opportunity, and Achievement


Maps and Indexes


Regional Opportunity Index

This process resulted in a set of opportunity indicators representing three key elements of neighborhood opportunity: Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood.


Neighborhood Opportunity Index (relative to Regional averages)

This map shows opportunity relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing: Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood were compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity.

The dark color represents highest opportunity while the lightest color represents lowest opportunity.


Neighborhood Opportunity Index (relative to City averages)


Detroit: Assets and Opportunities

In response from advisory committee feedback, this map:

  • Highlights the opportunity landscape in Detroit

    • Detroit is not monolithic

  • Contains indicators that correspond with crucial programs

    • Where are investments working?

    • Where does new investment need to occur?


  • Detroit Assets &

    Opportunity Index

    This process resulted in a set of opportunity indicators representing three key elements of neighborhood opportunity: Workforce Development & Job creation, Early Child Development, and City systems & Opportunity


    Detroit Assets & Opportunity Index (relative to City averages)

    This map shows assets and opportunity relative to the census tracts within City of Detroit. Data representing Workforce Development & Job creation, Early Child Development, and City systems & Opportunity was compiled into an index to represent access to asset and opportunity. The dark color represents the highest opportunity while the light color represents the lowest opportunity.


    Regional Trends Index

    This process resulted in a set of opportunity indicators representing how three key elements of neighborhood opportunity have been changed: Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood.


    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Spotting Trends: Where are the “Hotspots”?


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index - 2000

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index - 2010

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index Scores- 2000

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index Scores- 2010

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index Change – 2000 to 2010

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index Change – Patterns?

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Detroit Region Opportunity Index Change – Clusters

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Statistically Significant Change, 2000 to 2010

    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Neighborhood Trends Index (relative to Regional averages)

    This map shows opportunity change relative to the census tracts within the 5 counties of the Detroit Metropolitan Region. Data representing Education, Economy & Employment, and Neighborhood was compiled into an index to represent access to opportunity from 2000 to 2010. Blue represents the positive change while red represents the negative change.


    Where have investments been made relative to neighborhood trends?


    Analysis


    What about Race relative to Opportunity?


    Who lives in areas that are improving or declining?


    What’s changing in improving or declining areas?


    What's changing in improving and declining areas? Education


    What's changing in improving and declining areas? Economy & Employment


    What's changing in improving and declining areas? Neighborhood


    Are there diverse areas of opportunity?


    Where do schools out-perform their surrounding neighborhood(s)?

    Methodology Note: Each tract was assigned a value based on the School District whose centroids are within the tract’s boundaries.


    Yet to do:

    • More detailed “deep dive” into the data for individual hot spot areas

    • Food access in the Detroit area: food deserts, food swamps


    Key Lessons


    Key Lessons

    • Detroit is not “monolithic” in terms of opportunity

    • Shared fates writ large: Disinvestment is not just a “Detroit problem”

    • Shared fates writ small: Evidence in trend data of neighborhood effects, linked to investment


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