Poetry
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POETRY. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE. SIMILE. A comparison of two things using “like or as” “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”. METAPHOR. A direct comparison of two unlike things “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.” - William Shakespeare. Hyperbole.

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POETRY

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Poetry

POETRY


Figurative language

FIGURATIVELANGUAGE


Simile

SIMILE

  • A comparison of two things using “like or as”

    • “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”


Metaphor

METAPHOR

  • A direct comparison of two unlike things

    • “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.”

      - William Shakespeare


Hyperbole

Hyperbole

  • Exaggeration often used for emphasis.

    • "I nearly died laughing"

    • "I was hopping mad“

    • "I tried a thousand times“


Idiom

Idiom

  • An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says.

    • Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.


Personification

A nonhuman thing given human qualities.

PERSONIFICATION


Symbolism

When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else.

= Innocence

= America

= Peace

SYMBOLISM


Allusion

Allusion comes from the verb “allude” which means “to refer to”

An allusion is a reference to something famous.

Little Johnny told his parents a cheesy story about why he was home so long after curfew. His mother finally stopped him and asked, “Are you crying wolf?”

Allusion


Imagery

IMAGERY

  • Language that appeals to the senses.

  • Most images are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or smell.

The sweet taste of Ambrosia,

the roses perfuming the air,

never again would there be a time so fair.


Poetry form

FORM - the appearance of the words on the page

VERSE- a group of words together on one line of the poem

STANZA - a group of lines arranged together

Verse -A word is dead

When it is said,

Some say.

I say it just

Begins to live

That day.

POETRY FORM


Sound effects

SOUND EFFECTS


Free verse poetry

Does NOT rhyme.

Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.

Running through a field of clover,Stop to pick a daffodilI play he loves me, loves me not,The daffy lies, it says he does not love me!Well, what use a daffy When Jimmy gives me roses?-- Flora Launa

FREE VERSE POETRY


Rhyme

Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.

(A word always rhymes with itself.)

LAMP

STAMP

DOOR

SNORE

JIMMY

GIMME

RHYME


End rhyme

END RHYME

  • A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

  • Hector the Collector

  • Collected bits of string.

  • Collected dolls with broken heads

  • And rusty bells that would not ring.


Rhyme scheme

RHYME SCHEME

  • A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).

  • Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)


Sample rhyme scheme

SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME

  • The Germ by Ogden Nash

  • A mighty creature is the germ,

  • Though smaller than the pachyderm.

  • His customary dwelling place

  • Is deep within the human race.

  • His childish pride he often pleases

  • By giving people strange diseases.

  • Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?

  • You probably contain a germ.

a

a

b

b

c

c

a

a


Onomatopoeia

ONOMATOPOEIA

  • Words that imitate the sound they are naming

  • BUZZ

    • TLOT-TLOT


Alliteration

ALLITERATION

  • Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

  • If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?


Consonance

CONSONANCE

  • Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . .

  • The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words

  • “silken,sad, uncertain, rustling . . “


Assonance

ASSONANCE

  • Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry.

  • (Often creates near rhyme.)

  • LakeFateBaseFade

  • (All share the long “a” sound.)


Assonance cont

ASSONANCE cont.

Examples of ASSONANCE:

“Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.”

  • John Masefield

    “Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.”

    - William Shakespeare


Refrain

A sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem.

“Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore.’”

REFRAIN


Quiz 1

QUIZ 1


Check your answers

Check your answers


Quiz 2

QUIZ 2


Check your answers1

Check Your Answers


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