Science and Politics. Part II. Climate Controversies. Session 4. 1. The discovery of climate change. Discovery of the greenhouse effect by Joseph Fourier (1824-1827)
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Joseph Fourier (1824-1827)
geometric progression, the resulting rise in temperature
will follow an arithmetic progression.
The establishment of concentration in the 1950s. He shows that climate change is linked to human activity(1956).
a scientific consensus
Dr. Robert Watson, the highly respected leader of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change, was blackballed in a memo to the White House from the nation's largest oil company. The memo had its effect last Friday, when Dr. Watson lost his bid for re-election after the administration threw its weight behind the ''let's drag our feet'' candidate, Dr. Rajendra Pachauri of New Delhi, who is known for his virulent anti-American statements.
Why is this happening?
Because the largest polluters know their only hope for escaping restrictions lies in promoting confusion about global warming.
Just as Enron needed auditors who wouldn't blow the whistle when the company lied about the magnitude of its future liabilities, the administration needs scientific reviews that won't sound the alarm on the destruction of the earth's climate balance.
And yet, five years later… disappointment at my election as chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, with 76 votes for me against 49 for his protégé, Dr. Robert T. Watson.
Key assumption: collective neutrality emerges from the addition of individual subjectivities.
The scientific debate
remains open. Voters
believe that there is
no consensus about
global warming within
the scientific community.
(…) You need to
continue to make the
lack of scientific
certainty a primary
issue in the debate…
From: Phil Jones <firstname.lastname@example.org> disappointment at my election as chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, with 76 votes for me against 49 for his protégé, Dr. Robert T. Watson.
Subject: Fwd: CCNet: PRESSURE GROWING ON CONTROVERSIAL RESEARCHER TO DISCLOSE SECRET DATA
Date: Mon Feb 21 16:28:32 2005
Cc: "raymond s. bradley" <email@example.com>, "Malcolm Hughes" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Mike, Ray and Malcolm, The skeptics seem to be building up a head of steam here ! Maybe we can use this to our advantage to get the series updated !... …The IPCC comes in for a lot of stick. Leave it to you to delete as appropriate !
PS I'm getting hassled by a couple of people to release the CRU station temperature data. Don't any of you three tell anybody that the UK has a Freedom of Information Act !
P. Jones: disappointment at my election as chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, with 76 votes for me against 49 for his protégé, Dr. Robert T. Watson.
“I’ve just completed Mike’s Nature trick of adding in the real temps to each series for the last 20 years (i.e from 1981 onwards) and from 1961 for Keith’s to hide the decline.”
> Wrongly and over-interpreted by the media and climate sceptics
> Are these divergent repertoires an asset or a problem?
but not because of human activities
in part because of human activities, but this will
create greater benefits than costs
because of human activities, but the impacts are
not sufficient to require any policy response