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Depression in Norway. By Humza Saleem and Aslak Torgersen. Depression . Mood Disorder Not necessarily a pshyciatric disorder – a result of certain life events Negative perspective to life Most common mental disorder. Statistics.

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Depression in norway

Depression in Norway

By HumzaSaleem and Aslak Torgersen


Depression
Depression

  • Mood Disorder

    • Not necessarily a pshyciatric disorder – a resultofcertainlife events

  • Negative perspectivetolife

  • Most common mental disorder


Statistics
Statistics

  • Upto 50% of population depressed at onepoint

  • Cost NOK 70billion (everyyear)

  • Approx. 500 suicides a year in Norway.


Classification of depression
Classificationof depression

  • Endogenousdepression

    • No discernible cause

    • GeneticFactors

  • Reactivedepression

    • Physicalscausessuch as stress, drugsor medicaltreatments.


Causes
Causes

  • Lowlevelofsunlight

  • Smoking

  • Thyroiddisease

  • Unstablecircadian rhythm

  • Diet

  • Birthcontrol pill

  • Medications

  • Stressfull health

  • Genetic

  • Alcohol and drugs

  • Toomanychoises

  • Nothingtostrive for

  • Excessivework


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Feeling empty, sad, anxious and hopeless

  • Insomnia

  • Excessivesleeping

  • Fatigue

  • Loss ofenergy

  • Loss ofappetite

  • Overeating

  • Troubleconcentrating, remberdetails.

  • Makingdecisions

  • Aches, pains or digestive problem

  • Loss ofinterest in funactivities

  • Lack of libido


Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology

  • Neurotransmitters:

    • Serotonin

    • Noradrenaline

    • Lowlevels

  • Not fullyunderstood


Treatment
Treatment

  • Mild:

    • Wait and see / get over it

    • Excercise

    • Self helpgroups

    • UV lamp (lack ofsunlight)

  • Moderate

    • Cognitivetherapy

  • Severe

    • Antidepressants

    • Combination therapy

    • Mental health teams


Thank you for listening
Thankyou for listening


Sources
Sources

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depression_(mood)#Depression_in_young_adults

  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2950973/

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_suicide_rate

  • http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/depression/classification_000001.htm

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide

  • http://www.newsinenglish.no/2009/10/06/depression-hits-half-the-population/

  • http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Depression/Pages/Causes.aspx

  • http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Depression/Pages/Treatment.aspx


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