A PROJECT REPORT
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A PROJECT REPORT ON. DIGITAL LOOP CARRIER (DLC). Under the Guidance of MR. A.B. SINGH. SUBMITTED BY: ASHISH TIWARI CHANCHAL KOMAL TIWARI PARUL GUPTA RAJAT CHANDRA. contents. INTRODUCTION REASONS FOR USING DLC CONFIGURATION MORE ABOUT DLC EARLY MOTIVATIONS FOR DLC TECHNOLOGY

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A PROJECT REPORT ON

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A project report on

A PROJECT REPORT ON

DIGITALLOOPCARRIER (DLC)

Under the Guidance of

MR. A.B. SINGH

SUBMITTED BY:

ASHISH TIWARI

CHANCHAL

KOMAL TIWARI

PARUL GUPTA

RAJAT CHANDRA


Contents

contents

  • INTRODUCTION

  • REASONS FOR USING DLC

  • CONFIGURATION

  • MORE ABOUT DLC

  • EARLY MOTIVATIONS FOR DLC TECHNOLOGY

  • TYPES OF DLC

  • UNIVERSAL DLC

  • INTEGRATED DLC

  • DLC ARCHITECTURE

  • ADVANTAGES OF DLC

  • DISADVANTAGES OF DLC

  • CONCLUSION


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

A digital loop carrier (DLC) is a system which

usesdigital transmission to extend the range of thelocal

loop farther than would be possible using onlytwisted

pair copper wires. A DLC digitizes and multiplexes the individual signals carried by the local loops onto a single data stream on the DLC segment.


Reasons for using dlc

Reasons for using dlc

Subscriber Loop Carrier systems address a number of problems:-

  • Electrical constraints on long loops

  • Insufficient available cable pairs

  • Cable route congestion (inability to add cable due to lack of space, particularly in urban street, bridge and building conduit)

  • Construction challenges (in areas of difficult terrain) when limited cable pairs are already available

  • Expenses due to cable cost and the associated labor intensive installation work (especially to solve the specific problems listed

  • above )


Configuration

Configuration

  • DLC remote terminals are installed in new neighborhoods or buildings as a means of reducing the labor and complexity of installing individual local loops from the customer to the central office (CO).

  • DLC remote terminals are typically stored in Serving Area Interfaces- metal cabinets alongside or near roadways that overlie communications rights- of -ways.

  • With the growth in popularity of digital subscriber line (DSL) and the benefits provided by shorter metallic loops used with DLC systems, digital loop carriers are sometimes integrated with digital subscriber line access multiplexers (DSLAM).

  • Fiber in the loop systems (FITL) accomplishes the same two primary functions DLC was intended for: pair gain and the elimination of electrical constraints due to long metallic loops.


More about dlc

More about DLC

  • Typically up to 24 analog voice calls are combined into a single signal and transmitted over a single copper T-carrier system or E-carrier system.

  • In a home, business, or other installations using DLC, the analog phone lines of individual users are connected to a local DLC box which then converts the analog signals into digital and combines them into one signal that is sent to the phone company’s CO on the single line. At the CO, the combined signal is separated back to the original signals.


Early motivations for dlc technology

Early motivations for DLC technology

  • Loop carrier systems were ordained to solve two problems:

  • To reduce copper cable pair requirements

  • And to overcome electrical constraints on long loops.


A project report on

DLC


Types of dlc

Types of dlc

  • There are two types of DLC:-

  • UNIVERSAL DIGITAL LOOP CARRIER (UDLC)

  • INTEGRATED DIGITAL LOOP CARRIER (IDLC)


A project report on

UDLC

  • The UDLC is a system that consists of RDTs and central office terminals (COTs).

  • Optical systems such as synchronous optical network (SONET) can transfer signals transparently through the COT to the RDT.

  • The RDT provides an interface between the digital transmission line and the customer’s access lines.


A project report on

idlc

  • Integrated digital loop carrier (IDLC) is a digital line interface that has been re-engineered to integrate within a switch and shares the internal bus structure of the switch. This function is called an integrated digital terminal (IDT).

  • Using IDT, the switch can directly communicate with a remote digital terminal (RDT) that is closer to the end customer using an efficient multi channel communication line.


Dlc architecture

Dlc architecture


Advantages of dlc

Advantages of dlc

  • DLC systems also offer the ability to extend the range of access lines from the central office to the end customer as RDT effectively operates as a repeater.

  • The DLC system offers improved efficiency through the use of existing distribution cabling systems.

  • The cost effective transmission

  • The ability to rapidly add, delete, or change customer services without having to dispatch an installation technician.


Disadvantages of dlc

Disadvantages of dlc

  • Unfortunately, DLC systems are not transparent to other systems such as DSL systems.

  • Although it is possible to install digital subscriber line network equipment (co-locate) along with RDT equipment, the RDT equipment housings and power supplies were not originally designed to hold additional equipment.


Conclusion

conclusion

DLC systems also offer the ability to extend the range of access lines from the central office to the end customer as the RDT effectively operates as a repeater. The DLC system offers improved efficiency through the use of existing distribution cabling systems.The cost effective transmission and the ability to rapidly add, delete, or change customer services without having to dispatch an installation technician.


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