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AP World History Chapter 32. Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 20 th Century. Mexico and the 20 th Century. Mexican Dictator who almost allowed free democratic elections. Cast his political opponent into jail. . Porfirio Diaz. Pancho Villa Leader of the Northern Resistance.

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Ap world history chapter 32

AP World HistoryChapter 32

Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 20th Century


Mexico and the 20 th century
Mexico and the 20th Century

  • Mexican Dictator who almost allowed free democratic elections.

  • Cast his political opponent into jail.

Porfirio Diaz



  • Emiliano Zapata

  • Leader of the Southern Resistance

  • “Tierra y Libertad”

  • “Land and Bread”

    “It is better to die on you feet than to live on your knees” ~ Zapata



Culture politics
Culture & Politics

-Diego Rivera

-Cristeros

-PRI

-NAFTA


Getulio vargas brazil
Getulio Vargas: Brazil

-Admired Mussolini & the Fascist ideas

-Imposed a constitution in 1937

-Eventually sided with the Allies in WWII (1942)

-Gained important industrial, technological and military aid from the US

-Deposed in 1945 but remained in and out of politics till his suicide in 1954


Juan eva peron argentina
Juan & Eva Peron: Argentina

Populist support

Eva (Evita) was popular among the poor and working classes

Authoritarian regime

Openly admired Hitler & Mussolini but did not join WWII

In and out of politics until his death in 1974


-United Fruit Company & other foreign interests clashed with Guatemala’s new mildly socialist government.

-USA backs a rebel force to topple “Communists” 1954


Cuban Revolution Guatemala’s new mildly socialist government.


Fulgencio Batista Guatemala’s new mildly socialist government.

Rebel leaders Che Guevara & Fidel Castro


Liberation Theology- Catholic Theology Combined with socialist principles.

Military Dictatorships- Authoritarian, Pro-USA regimes marked by opposition to Communism but corrupt & oppressive.


Salvador Allende socialist principles.

Augusto Pinochet



Resurgent Democracy 1990s-2000s 1989

Lula: Brasil

Chavez: Venezuela

Morales:

Bolivia



Nafta
NAFTA 1989

  • The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994. It superseded the Canada – United States Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Canada. In terms of combined GDP of its members, as of 2010 the trade bloc is the largest in the world.


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