AP World History Chapter 32. Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 20 th Century. Mexico and the 20 th Century. Mexican Dictator who almost allowed free democratic elections. Cast his political opponent into jail. . Porfirio Diaz. Pancho Villa Leader of the Northern Resistance.
Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 20th Century
“It is better to die on you feet than to live on your knees” ~ Zapata
-Admired Mussolini & the Fascist ideas
-Imposed a constitution in 1937
-Eventually sided with the Allies in WWII (1942)
-Gained important industrial, technological and military aid from the US
-Deposed in 1945 but remained in and out of politics till his suicide in 1954
Eva (Evita) was popular among the poor and working classes
Openly admired Hitler & Mussolini but did not join WWII
In and out of politics until his death in 1974
-United Fruit Company & other foreign interests clashed with Guatemala’s new mildly socialist government.
-USA backs a rebel force to topple “Communists” 1954
Cuban Revolution Guatemala’s new mildly socialist government.
Fulgencio Batista Guatemala’s new mildly socialist government.
Rebel leaders Che Guevara & Fidel Castro
Liberation Theology- Catholic Theology Combined with socialist principles.
Military Dictatorships- Authoritarian, Pro-USA regimes marked by opposition to Communism but corrupt & oppressive.
Salvador Allende socialist principles.