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Reticulated Science Steven C. Hayes, University of Nevada. The Purpose of ACBS. Creating a psychology more adequate to the challenge of the human condition. Where CBS Started: Behavior Analysis. Philosophical clarity Basic principles from the lab

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Reticulated Science Steven C. Hayes, University of Nevada

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Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Reticulated Science

Steven C. Hayes, University of Nevada


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

The Purpose of ACBS

Creating a psychology more adequate to the challenge of the human condition


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Where CBS Started:

Behavior Analysis

Philosophical clarity

Basic principles from the lab

Inductive extensions using functional analysis

Time series designs evaluating extensions


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Why That is Not Enough

GU

AGE

LAN

N

LAN

GU

AGE

What do you do when you hit a wall?

NI

N

TION

COG

NI

TION

COG

NI

E

LAN

GU

AGE

LAN

GU

AGE

COG

G

NI

TION

COG

NI

TION

U

AGE

LAN

GU

AGE

LAN

GU

N

COG

NI

TION

COG

NI

TION

LAN

GU

AGE

LAN

LAN

GU

AGE


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

The CBS Strategy

Rearrange the relation between applied and basic psychology


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

You Cannot Turn This Over to

Someone Else

The CBS approach: Applied and basic psychologists need to take responsibility for each other and for the field as a whole


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

ACT in Silence

RCTs on ACT by Year


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Its Not Bottom Up

vs Top Down

It’s reticulated development versus silos


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Context Theory of

Cognition

1. Mutual

Entailment

Manipulable variables linked to actions of importance

This is controlled by history and context

Limoo

Betrang

2. Combinatorial

Entailment


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Betrang

salivation

salivation

sour

sour

bumpy

bumpy

yellow

yellow

lemonade

lemonade

citrus

citrus

Functions

Manipulable variables linked to actions of importance

This is controlled by history and context

3. Transformation

of Functions


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

10

10

10

5

5

5

And thus that a dime

is “bigger than” a nickel

& is worth more

Good

good

If

then

A Classic Example all Parents Know

A child learns that a nickel is “smaller than” a dime


Our fence post dumb behavioral idea

Maybe it is operant behavior

View it as a contextual controlled relational response, based originally on multiple exemplar training

Our Fence-Post DumbBehavioral Idea


It can be trained berens and hayes jaba 2008

It Can Be Trained Berens and Hayes, JABA, 2008


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

It Makes a Difference

Given A < B < C; Shocks to B

Dougher et al., JEAB, 2007


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

The Applied  Basic Gambit

Found a New Way Forward

Expand Behavioral Principles to Account for Human Language and Cognition: Relational Frame Theory


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Liberalized Language

Practitioners need middle level terms. These needs to be linked to basic principles and integrated into models and theories.


Probability of avoidance

Probability of Avoidance

“Don’t Think “Bear” Earlier

Remove “Bear”

100%

100%

UNRELATED

UNRELATED

50%

50%

GEEDER (C)

GEEDER (C)

BEAR

BEAR


Expectations of depressives liv kosness louise a mchugh jo saunders robert whelan

Expectations of DepressivesLiv Kosness, Louise A. McHugh, Jo Saunders & Robert Whelan


Iat versus irap sarah roddy ian stewart dermot barnes holmes

IAT versus IRAPSarah Roddy, Ian Stewart & Dermot Barnes-Holmes

Relation to behavioral intentions

R2 Above Explicit

Anti-Fat Attitudes

R2 Above Feelings toward Fat People

.1

.1

IRAP

IRAP

.05

.05

IAT

IAT


Example jared chase dissertation

ExampleJared Chase dissertation

3 Group RCT: Wait list, Goal-Setting,

Values plus Goal-Setting

Adjusted Cumulative GPA

3.2

Now add:

Values plus Goal Setting

3.15

Values plus

Goal Setting (N = 51)

Goal Setting

Alone (N = 48)

3.1

Wait list (N = 33)

Psych Majors Not in Study (N = 447)

3.05

Beginning

Spring 2009

End

Spring 2009

End

Fall 2009


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

YOU

HERE

NOW

I

THEN

THERE

Deictic Frames


Perspective taking self

Perspective Taking Self

Self-as-context


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Figure 6. Within subject analysis for Abu. Multiple baseline across levels of Complexity includes data series for each deictic relational frame. The lower panel represents Theory of Mind probe percentages.


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Relation of Deictic Framing to Theory of Mind Performance


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Roger Vilardaga, Ana Estévez, Michael E. Levin and Steven C. Hayes

For Example:

Caring About Being

With Others

Perspective

Taking

Experiential Avoidance

Empathy

Now/Then

I/You

Sadness

Joy

Here/There

Repertoire Narrowing

-

-

-

+

Social Anhedonia


Reticulated science steven c hayes university of nevada

Its Not Bottom Up

vs Top Down

It’s reticulated development versus silos


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