ITU Activities on Digital  Migration
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ITU Activities on Digital Migration. Digital Migration & Spectrum Policy Summit 29 November 2011, Nairobi, Kenya. Kim Kikwon Senior Engineer/BDT, ITU. Table of Contents. Ⅰ. Why the Migration Issues?. Ⅱ. ITU Activities. Ⅲ. Projects on Digital Migration. Ⅳ. ITU Future Plan.

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Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

ITU Activities on Digital Migration

Digital Migration & Spectrum Policy Summit

29 November 2011, Nairobi, Kenya

Kim Kikwon

Senior Engineer/BDT, ITU


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Table of Contents

Ⅰ. Why the Migration Issues?

Ⅱ. ITU Activities

Ⅲ. Projects on Digital Migration

Ⅳ. ITU Future Plan

Ⅴ. Conclusions

2


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Why the migration raise issues?


Why digital migration issues

Why Digital Migration Issues?

  • High Cost and Long Term

  • Over the last 10 years, broadcasting has been experiencing a revolution through the influence of digitization

  • Transition from A to D takes at least a few years, costs so much and has the immense influence on society, economy and industries

  • It is essential for each country to make a project plan (roadmap) of the migration

  • However, there is a big difference in the digital broadcasting transition process among countries


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

  • Digital Dividend

  • The released spectrum after the analogue services switch-off

  • Digital Dividend could be used for:

    - Digital Terrestrial TV and MTV

    - Improving the coverage of digital TV

    transmissions, - Wireless broadband services

    - Enhancing sound and picture qualify,

    in particular HDTV

  • Immense economic potential : 150-200 Billion Euro (European Commission estimation)


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Key issues to Digital Transition

Policy and Regulatory :

- Licensing, Network Operators

- Public TV services, Commercial TVs

- Analogue Switch off (ASO), etc.

Economical :

- Introduction of new business model

- Transition costs, subsidizing vulnerable people

Technical :

- Standards ( DVB, ISDB, ATSC )

- Compression technique (MPEC2/MPEG4)

- Spectrum availability ,Coverage areas

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Ge 06 agreement for 120 countries in europe africa

GE-06 Agreement : for 120 countries in Europe + Africa

  • The Geneva plan(GE-06)

    is an all-digital plan for

    use of the band 3 and

    4,5 after the Analogue

    TV Switch-off.

  • GE-06 makes clear that

    analogue TV services in UHF Band 4,5 will not be

    protected against interference after 17 June 2015.


Transition map

Transition map


World overview dttv adoption

World overview: DTTV adoption


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

ITU Activities & Outputs for Digital Migration


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

  • ITU Activities

  • Assist developing countries in transiting to digital broadcasting

    - provide consulting of broadcasting

    infrastructure development

    - develop reports and guidelines

    - Provide training

  • Close cooperation with international and regional broadcasting organizations (WBU, ABU, AIBD, EBU)

    - regular workshops and seminars


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

  • ITU Outputs

  • Spectrum allocation (WRC/RRC)

  • Wave Propagation recommendation

  • REPORT ITU-R BT.2140 :Transition from analogue to digital Terrestrial broadcasting

  • ITU-D Question 11-2/2

    “Examination of terrestrial digital broadcasting technologies…”

  • ITU-D SG 2’s Report on question 9-2/2

    “Identification of study topics in the ITU-T and ITU-D study groups which are of particular interest to developing countries


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

  • Spectrum Management Guideline

  • Handbook and recommendation : Spectrum management, Computer Aided Techniques for Spectrum Management, Spectrum Monitoring

  • SMS4DC

  • Purpose: to assist developing countries in efficiently managing their radio spectrum

  • Features: Engineering and administrative applications, Results on Google Earth, linkage with monitoring system

  • Annual License fee: CHF 4,630(1 Workstation)

    Member State Admin & Sector Member : -15%

    Admin of Least Developing Countries : -80%

    The Number of license country : over 50


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Digital Broadcasting

Roadmap Project in Africa


Introduction of the project in africa

Introduction of the Project in Africa

  • The objective of the project

  • To assist the African countries in making their own roadmap to shift smoothly from analogue to DTTB and to introduce MTV

  • 1st Phase of the project

  • Period : January – July 2008

  • Survey on broadcasting & transition situation in Africa

  • 2nd Phase of the project

  • Period : November 2008 - October 2009

  • Guidelines were developed for assisting the transition

    - Questionnaires has been sent to all African countries,

    23 countries responded, 3 beneficiary countries(Mali,

    Ethiopia and Angola) have been selected


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

  • 3rd Phase of the roadmap project

  • Period : January 2010 – February 2012

  • Roadmaps were customized for selected countries based on developed guidelines

    - Roadmaps of Digital Broadcasting for Angola,

    Ethiopia and Mali were completed

  • Launched Integrated Workshop

    - Deliver and share the three countries cases and the

    roadmaps to the other countries in Africa

  • Feed back the process and results of migration in 3 pilot countries


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Survey conducted to assess the current

situation on digital broadcasting

- Questionnaires has been sent to 38 countries,

22 responded, 5 beneficiary countries (Cambodia,

Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Tonga) selected

Adaptation of the guidelines : Guidelines

customized for Asia Pacific

Development of roadmap for the selected

beneficiary countries : December 2011

Integrated workshop : Sharing the roadmaps

and Case studies, training the local experts

(March 2012)

Roadmap project in ASP

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Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Guidelines designed to provide Information and recommendations on policy, regulation, technologies, network planning, customer awareness and business planning

For free download at

http://www.itu.int/publ/D-HDBGUIDELINES.01-2010/en

Guideline

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Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Functional layer of the Guideline

A. Policy and regulation

B. Analogue switch-off (ASO)

C. Market and business development

D. DTTB & MTV networks

E. Roadmap development

⇒ Each layer has 3 to 13 functional

building blocks.

Guideline

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Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Guideline

  • Functional

    Building Blocks

    under each layer

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Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

ITU Future Plan

for Assistance of the Migration


Future plan

Future plan

  • Survey regularly on digital broadcasting migration

  • Develop broadcasting policy toolkit

  • Develop training material and provide on-line training

  • Develop portal site to provide all relevant information on the migration

  • Cooperate actively with other international and regional organizations for assisting the Digital Migration


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

…and

  • At first, this roadmap project focus on the African region, the outputs, knowledge and experience of it will be used in other regions widely e.g. in ASP

  • Especially the guidelines are a good reference for all countries which need to develop their own roadmaps

  • ITU is also making its efforts to develop this kind of roadmap project in other regions


Kim kikwon senior engineer bdt itu

Digital Migration is a complex process

•Every country should be ready to handle the complicity

Successful Migration requires

• Strong leadership of government

• Firm decision of analogue TV switch-off date

• Close cooperation of Regulator and market parties

• Clear and timely regulatory framework

• Adequate information and assistance to viewers

Explore the potential of the Digital

Dividend

Conclusion

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Thank you for your attention kikwon kim@itu int

THANK YOU FOR [email protected]

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