Ireland Religion. Emily Odom. FYE 1410. Prehistoric Religion . 3500 B.C. –The Irish made large stone tombs on mountains and hilltops 2000 BC- Stone circles were built and were temples 1159 BC -Weather was bad and the gods of the waters were made important
3500 B.C. –The Irish made large stone tombs on mountains and hilltops
2000 BC- Stone circles were built and were temples
1159 BC -Weather was bad and the gods of the waters were made important
5thcentury AD- Celtic religion , with Druids and the Celtic World
Christian missionaries arrived in Ireland
Conversion to Christianity was very gradual and nonviolent
Kept some of their pagan practices, and made it easier for people to accept them
Middle of 6th century
7th and 8thcenturies
Two different types of religion:
431 AD- The first recorded missionary in Ireland was made by Palladius
The next and most famous missionary: St. Patrick.
At 16 kidnapped by an Irish raiding party and sold into slavery
Patrick concentrated his work in north-east Ireland
3-leaved Shamrock to explain the concept of the Trinity: God as the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Armaghfounded by him began to dominate the Irish church
Late 400 AD- hundreds of churches were set upby Patrick and other missionaries
In these, monks lived and practiced
They attracted several people including Kings and the rich
Throughout the 12th century these monasteries were built throughout Ireland by the Cistercians, Franciscans, Dominicans, and Augustinians.
In the 17th century a lot were destroyed but some of their ruins remain to this day.
Another monasteryfounded in 1195, CorcomroeAbbey.
The first monastery founded in Ireland, in 1142 in MellifontAbbey.
Reformation and Religious Oppression
Penal laws were passed by the Protestant Parliament and aimed to deprive Catholics of their faith.
By the time the Cromwelliansettlement was carried out, many Catholics were outlawed. And all other religions were ordered to leave Ireland or they were put to death.
Thousands of priests were exiled
In 1665- The Act of Explanation enacted by the Cromwellians, denied Catholics justice of a trial.
In 1678- The Proclamation by Ormond ordered that all priests should leave the country, and for all Catholic churches to close.
After a long period of a lack of control and power for the Catholics they finally started to regain control.
At first the Penal Laws stopped being enforced so rigorously.
In 1778- Gardiner's Act allowed them to take leases of land for 999 years, and allowed Catholic landlords to leave their estates to one son, instead of having to divide it among all of their children.
In 1782- another act enabled Catholics to set up schools, and own horses in the same way Protestants could. It also permitted bishops and priests to live in Ireland again.
In 1823 Daniel O'Connell established the Catholic Association. All Irish citizens were encouraged to join.
They paid a 'Catholic rent' of 1d per month, collected after Mass on Sunday, that financed the Association's activities .
Churches became propaganda for the Association and many joined the Association as a religious crusade.
Later, he was elected to the Westminster Parliament.
In the 1831 thesis of the majority of the population around 80.3%, were Catholic; 10.7% belonged to the Church of Ireland; and 8.1% were Presbyterian. Denominational membership was not evenly distributed around the island.
In the 1861 census there was a change: it recorded the population as 77.7% Catholic, 12% Anglican and 9% Presbyterian. Class and geography are important factors looking at these numbers. Catholics were largely concentrated in the west and south of the country, and made up the majority of the lower classes in society.
The population of Ireland was dramatically affected by the famine, and Catholics suffered greater losses than Protestants
''There tends to be an assumption on the part of people that priests are lonely, and that it is impossible to live happily if you are not engaged in a sexual relationship,'' said Father Kevin Doran, Ireland's national coordinator for vocations. ''It's part of the way the culture has developed. We have become a highly sexualized culture.''