French and Indian War. Prelude and Causes. British/French Rivalry. Wars in Europe. Wars in America. King William’s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) King George’s War (1744-1748). War of the League of Augsburg (1689-1697) War of the Spanish Secession (1702-1713)
Prelude and Causes
Wars in Europe
Wars in America
King William’s War (1689-1697)
Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)
King George’s War (1744-1748)
King William’s: No territorial changes.
Queen Anne’s: Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Hudson Bay become British.
King George’s: Louisbourg captured, but later returned.
In the early 1750’s both side eye the Ohio River country.
1751: Official French policy is to drive British from the Ohio Country. They begin to build a string of forts.
In 1753 Ohio Land Company is formed. They are given 200,000 acres of land.
Company is formed by wealthy Virginians. Robert Dinwiddie and Lawrence Washington are just two.
Dinwiddie sends Lawrence Washington’s brother, George, into the Ohio Country with a message to: GET OUT! The French reject.
April 17, 1754: French sieze control of British fort at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahila rivers.
Re-name captured fort, Fort Duquesne
May 28, 1754: Washington encounters a small French force. Half King kills Jumonville after he has surrendered. Surviving French escape to warn of the British.
700 French with Indians allies attack Washington. Outnumbered, his forces surrender.
The surrender document is written in French. Washington signs not knowing that the surrender terms accuse him of murdering a French Diplomat, Jumonville.