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Chapter One. Challenges and Choices in Public Speaking. Chapter One. Why Public Speaking? Benefits of Public Speaking Public Speaking and the Communication Process Public Speech and Pluralistic Voices Challenges and Choices of Public Speaking*. Why Public Speaking?. An Enduring Legacy

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Chapter One

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Chapter one

Chapter One

Challenges and Choices in Public Speaking


Chapter one1

Chapter One

  • Why Public Speaking?

  • Benefits of Public Speaking

  • Public Speaking and the Communication Process

  • Public Speech and Pluralistic Voices

  • Challenges and Choices of Public Speaking*


Why public speaking

Why Public Speaking?

  • An Enduring Legacy

  • Reasons for Public Speech

  • Public Speaking as a Form of Communication*


Why public speaking an enduring legacy

Why Public Speaking:An Enduring Legacy

  • 476 B.C.- Corax, Sicilian teacher offered lessons in rhetoric.

  • 427-347 B.C.- Plato, Greek philosopher, viewed rhetoric as a means of seeking truth.

  • 384-322 B.C.- Aristotle, philosopher and student of Plato, viewed rhetoric as the art of persuasion. Wrote the textbook, Rhetoric.*


Why public speaking an enduring legacy1

Why Public Speaking:An Enduring Legacy

  • 18th-19th Centuries- colonists delivered speeches in the quest for independence.

  • 21st Century

    • public speaking remains an indispensable vehicle for expressing ideas.*


Why public speaking reasons for public speech

Why Public Speaking:Reasons for Public Speech

  • 3 Main Functions:

    • to inform

    • to persuade

    • to celebrate or commemorate special occasions*


Why public speaking public speaking as a form of communication

Why Public Speaking:Public Speaking as a Form of Communication

  • Dyadic Communication

    • communication between two people, as in conversation.

  • Small Group Communication

    • a small number of people who can see and speak directly with each other, as in a business meeting.

  • Mass Communication

    • communication between a speaker and a large audience of unknown people, as in television.

  • Public Speaking

    • a speaker delivers a message with a specific purpose to an audience of people who are present at the delivery of a speech.*


Why public speaking public speaking as a form of communication1

Similarities between Public Speaking and Other Forms of Communication

sensitivity to the listeners

Differences between Public Speaking and Other Forms of Communication

listener feedback

level of preparation

degree of formality*

Why Public Speaking:Public Speaking as a Form of Communication


Benefits of public speaking

Benefits of Public Speaking

  • Becoming a more knowledgeable person

  • Honing critical thinking and listening skills

  • Enhancing your career as a student

  • Accomplishing professional and personal goals

  • Exploring and sharing values*


Benefits of public speaking becoming a more knowledgeable person

Benefits of Public Speaking:Becoming a More Knowledgeable Person

  • A good speech is a blend of form and content

    • Basic speech form

      • introduction

      • body

      • conclusion

    • content

      • topic of the speech*


Benefits of public speaking honing critical thinking and listening skills

Benefits of Public Speaking:Honing Critical Thinking and Listening Skills

  • Public Speaking training sharpens your ability to reason or think critically

    • learning to make claims and then presenting evidence and reasoning that logically support them*


Benefits of public speaking enhancing your career as a student

Benefits of Public Speaking:Enhancing Your Career as a Student

  • Preparing speeches involves numerous skills that you can use in other courses

    • research

    • organization

    • creative thinking*


Benefits of public speaking accomplishing professional and personal goals

Benefits of Public Speaking:Accomplishing Professional and Personal Goals

  • Professional Goals

    • people at work use public speaking to convey information, to persuade and motivate others, and even to celebrate their special skills.

    • skill in public speaking tops the list of sought after skills by many organizations.

  • Personal Goals

    • public speaking offers a way to communicate your personal concerns to others.*


What skills employers want in college graduates

What Skills Employers Want in College Graduates:

  • Oral Communication

  • Interpersonal

  • Analytical

  • Teamwork

  • Flexibility

  • Computer

  • Proficiency in Field of Study

  • Written Communication

  • Leadership

  • Work Experience*


Benefits of public speaking exploring and sharing values

Benefits of Public Speaking:Exploring and Sharing Values

  • Public speaking enables you to express values and explore those of others in a civil dialog, regardless of whether or not the audience shares your viewpoint.*


Public speaking and the communication process

Public Speaking and the Communication Process

  • Communication is an interactive process in which people exchange and interpret messages with one another.

    • Elements of Communication

    • Special Speaker Considerations*


Public speaking and the communication process elements of communication

Public Speaking and the Communication Process:Elements of Communication

  • Source - person who creates a message

    • encoding - physical process of delivering a message

Message - content of the communication process; thoughts and ideas

  • Receiver - recipient of the source’s message

    • decoding - the process of interpreting the speaker’s message

  • Channel - the medium through which the speaker sends a message

    • noise - the interference that serves as a barrier to communication*


Public speaking and the communication process elements of communication1

Public Speaking and the Communication Process:Elements of Communication

  • Shared Meaning

    • mutual understanding of a message between speaker and audience*


Public speaking and the communication process special speaker considerations

Public Speaking and the Communication Process:Special Speaker Considerations

  • Other Factors:

    • Self-concept - strengths and limitations

    • Audience - taking audience perspective

    • Context - influences on the speaker

    • Speech Goals - clear focus

    • Outcome - accomplishing what you set out to do*


Public speech and pluralistic voices

Public Speech and Pluralistic Voices

  • Public Speaking offers an opportunity to recognize and appreciate diversity in all its forms.

  • Pluralistic character is reflected in people of various ethnic groups, age groups, persons of different sexual orientations, persons with disabilities, and in religious diversity*


Public speech and pluralistic voices1

Public Speech and Pluralistic Voices

  • Ethnocentrism

    • the belief that the ways of one’s own culture are superior to those of other cultures*


Challenges and choices of public speaking

Challenges and Choices of Public Speaking

  • Challenges - simulating tasks or problems

  • Choices - options or alternatives for solving tasks or problems

    • Challenges and Choices of Speech in Democracy

    • Making a Difference*


Challenges and choices of public speaking speech in a democracy

Challenges and Choices of Public Speaking:Speech in a Democracy

  • As members of a democratic society, we have the right to speak freely

  • We have the equally important responsibility to speak responsibly*


Challenges and choices of public speaking making a difference

Challenges and Choices of Public Speaking:Making a Difference

  • Ordinary citizens can and do accomplish a great deal through the power of public speaking*


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