Medical Terminology
Download
1 / 29

Medical Terminology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on

Medical Terminology. Lecture 2:. Pronunciation. Pronunciation. Pronunciations may vary from country to country, even in different regions of the same country . The general rule is to include the most common pronunciation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Medical Terminology' - naoko


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Medical Terminology

Lecture 2:

Pronunciation


Pronunciation
Pronunciation

  • Pronunciations may vary from country to country, even in different regions of the same country.

  • The general rule is to include the most common pronunciation.


  • A vowel (a, e, i, o, u) gets a short pronunciation if it has no pronunciation mark over it, such as:

    • a as in hat

    • e as in met

    • i as in bin

    • o as in some

    • u as in run



Soft and hard c and g
Soft and Hard c and g

  • A soft c, as in racer, will be written as s (RĀ-ser).

  • A hard c, as in candy, will be written as k (KAN-d ē)

  • A soft g, as in page, will be written as j (pāj).

  • A hard g, as in grow, will be written as g (grō)


Silent letters
silent letters

  • A silent letter or unusual pronunciation can be a problem, especially if it appears at the start of a word that you are trying to look up in the dictionary.

  • The combinations in may be pronounced differently when they appear within a word, as in

    • apnea(AP-nē-a), meaning cessation of breathing;

    • nephroptosis (nef-rop-TŌsis), meaning dropping of the kidney;

    • prognosis (prog-NŌ-sis), meaning prediction of the outcome of disease.


Symbols
Symbols

  • Symbols are commonly used in case histories as a form of shorthand.

  • Some examples are L and R for

  • left and right; ↑ and ↓ for increase and decrease.


Abbreviations
Abbreviations

  • Like symbols, abbreviations can save time, but they can also cause confusion if they are not universally understood.

  • Usage varies in different institutions, and the same abbreviation may have different meanings in different fields.

  • An acronym is an abbreviation formed from the first letter of each word in a phrase


Words ending in x
Words Ending In x

  • When a word ending in x has a suffix added, the x is changed to a g or a c.

  • For example,

    • pharynx(throat) becomes pharyngeal (fa-RIN-jē-al), to mean “pertaining to the throat”

    • coccyx (terminal portion of the vertebral column) becomes coccygeal (kok-SIJ-ē-al), to mean “pertaining to the coccyx”

    • thorax(chest) becomes thoracotomy(thor-a-KOT-ō-mē) to mean “an incision into the chest.”


Suffixes beginning with rh
Suffixes Beginning With rh

  • When a suffix beginning with rh is added to a root, the r is doubled:

    • hem/o (blood) + -rhage (bursting forth) = hemorrhage (a bursting forth of blood)

    • men/o (menses) + -rhea (flow, discharge) = menorrhea (menstrual flow)


Exercise
Exercise

  • Pronounce the following words:

    • Dysfunction dis-FUNK-shun

    • Rheumatoid RŪ-ma-toyd

    • Chronologic krōn-o-LOJ-ik

    • Pharynx FAR-inks


Pronounce the following phonetic forms
Pronounce the following phonetic forms

  • NĪ-trō-jennitrogen

  • SūR-fassurface

  • VAS-ku-larvascular

  • thō-RAS-ikthoracic

    • nar-KOT-iknarcotic




Exercise

Write the suffix in each of the following words that means “study of,”“medical specialty,” or “specialist in a field of study”












ad