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Table 1 Socio-demographic Characteristics of Immigrant Parents and their Children in Spain, 2010. Characteristic Parents Children.

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Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 1

Socio-demographic Characteristics of Immigrant Parents and their

Children in Spain, 2010

Characteristic Parents Children

Age, Average 43.21 41.98 42.62 14.36 13.5 13.91

Gender (Female), % 69.25 66.02 67.72 51.46 45.98 48.66

Parent Has Spanish 41.10 34.34 37.87 45.66 51.68 48.71

Nationality, %

Years in Spain, Mean 11.9 10.7 11.4 6.8 6.2 6.5

Language Spoken

at Home:

Spanish % 77.50 71.71 74.77 73.87 65.46 69.54

Catalan, % 0.0 2.10 0.99 0.0 2.6 1.34

Other, % 22.50 26.19 24.24 26.13 31.90 29.01

Knowledge of Spanish, 1

Mean 3.56 3.41 3.49 3.64 3.46 3.55

Family Structure:

Both Biological Parents % 67.95 73.83 70.77 66.86 65.91 66.37

Other, % 32.05 26.17 29.23 33.14 34.09 33.63

34


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 1, continued

Characteristic Parent Children

Parental Education2:

Less than Secondary % 42.19 48.95 45.5917.3415.8016.55

Secondary, % 40.07 34.72 37.4634.2225.8129.94

Some University, % 8.80 9.559.1610.37 9.22 9.78

University graduate, % 8.94 6.787.8911.53 9.8010.65

Does not know, % -- -- --26.5439.37 33.08

Parental Employment

Situation3:

Employed, % 60.66 57.19 58.9787.6980.8084.17

Unemployed, % 23.69 22.46 230910.2317.30 13.84

Disabled, other, % 15.65 20.35 17.94 2.08 1.90 1.99

Parental Occupation4:

Average Prestige Score 85.13 86.43 85.7587.9688.5588.26

Educational Aspirations for

Child:

Secondary or less, % 4.98 5.57 5.2625.6428.0526.86

Technical degree, % 17.20 12.72 15.0721.6415.1418.35

Some University, % 1.97 3.642.7614.2115.6714.96

University degree, % 59.68 62.84 61.1929.1331.1430.13

Post-graduate, % 16.17 15.23 15.72 9.3810.03 9.70

35


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 1, continued

Characteristic Parents Children

Educational Expectations for

Child:

Secondary or less, % 12.98 17.0614.9345.0743.5744.32

Technical degree, % 32.60 25.4929.2122.3318.1220.20

Some university, % 5.83 13.20 9.3911.8913.5112.70

University degree, % 39.25 33.4536.4815.6118.6917.17

Post-graduate degree, % 9.25 10.80 9.99 5.10 6.11 5.61

Future Life Plans for Child5:

Live in Spain, % 84.69 85.3585.0027.2424.5425.90

Move Elsewhere, % 15.31 14.6515.0072.7675.4574.10

  • Scores in the Knowledge of Spanish Index (KSI). Range: 1 (lowest) to 4.

  • Parental figures refer to the parent answering the survey; children’s figures are a weighted average of reported education for father and mother.

  • Parental figures refer to the parent answering the survey; children’s figures are a weighted average of reported employment situation for father and mother.

  • Scores in the PRESCA-2 Spanish occupational prestige scale (Carabańa and Gomez Bueno, 1997).

  • Item in the parental survey asks whether the parent wishes child to stay and live in Spain; item in the children’s survey asks for preferred country to live as an adult.

Source: Longitudinal Study of the Second Generation (ILSEG).

36


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

37


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 3-A Determinants of Educational Aspirations among Second Generation Youths in Spain, 2010

Predictors1 I II IIIIV

Coeff.2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio

Parent:

-Age -.005 -0.67 -.001 -0.18 .001 0.16 .003 0.27

-Gender (Female) .067 0.66 .068 0.63 -.051 -0.46 -.016 -0.14

-Years of Spanish .013 1.66 .010 1.32 -.002 -0.20 -.006 -0.57

Residence

-Nationality (Spanish) -.041 -0.40 -.082 -0.80 -.091 -0.87 .015 0.13

-Both Parents Present -.120 -1.13 -.150 -1.38 -.213 -1.89# -.233 -1.99*

-Socio-economic Status .631 9.06*** .473 6.43*** .444 5.69*** .373 4.40***

(PSES)

-Knowledge of Spanish .207 2.75** .091 1.09 .020 0.22 .162 1.51

(PKSI)

-School Involvement .011 0.12 -.015 -0.16 .016 0.17

(PSII)

-Educational Aspirations .205 2.63** .121 1.47 .145 1.72#

-Educational Expectations .607 9.93*** .491 7.51*** .479 7.18***

Child:

-Age -.467 -7.20*** -.505 -7.21***

-Gender (Female) .427 4.26*** .390 3.82***

-Birthplace (Spain) .223 1.17 .071 0.35

-School Type (Private) .147 1.17 .154 1.20

-Year in School .300 3.03** .310 3.11**

-Knowledge of Spanish .537 5.38*** .608 5.93***

(KSI)

-City of Residence -.156 -1.33

(Barcelona)

National Origin3 :

-Ecuador -.442 -2.35*

38


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 3-A (Cont.)

PredictorsIIIIIIIV

Coeff. 1 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio

  • / Cut 1 -1.367 .092 -4.683 -4.572

  • / Cut 2 -0.304 1.225 -3.480 -3.361

  • / Cut 3 0.861 2.478 -2.095 -1.959

  • Wald Chi Sq. 123.43*** 263.80*** 366.24*** 391.07***

  • Pseudo R2 .028 .065 .100 .106

  • N 1665 1636 1577 1576

  • See Appendix for variable measurement.

  • Ordered logistic regression coefficients.

  • Dummy variables for 17 different nationalities are included in Step IV; only significant coefficients are presented.

  • # p < .10

  • * P < .05

  • ** p < . 01

  • *** p < .001

  • Source: Longitudinal Study of the Spanish Second Generation (ILSEG)

39


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 3-B Determinants of Educational Expectations among Second Generation Youths in Spain, 2010

Predictors1IIIIIIIV

Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio

Parent:

-Age -.005 -0.69 -.002 -0.22 .000 0.08 .003 0.38

-Gender (Female) -.019 -0.19 - .001 -0.01 -.097 -0.88 -.050 -0.45

-Years of Spanish .015 2.32* .012 1.80# -.001 -0.13 -.006 -0.70

Residence

-Nationality (Spanish) -.087 -0.89 -.104 -1.03 -.124 -1.21 -.045 -0.41

-Both Parents Present .022 0.22 .005 0.05 -.033 -0.31 -.058 -0.53

-Socio-economic Status .504 7.47*** .333 4.70*** .279 3.82*** .259 3.23**

(PSES)

-Knowledge of Spanish .162 2.25* .041 0.50 .019 0.22 .161 1.52

(PKSI)

-School Involvement -.028 - 0.32 -.050 -0.56 .008 0.09

(PSII)

-Educational Aspirations .208 2.54* -.128 1.49 .139 1.58

-Educational Expectations .611 9.93*** .505 7.81*** .506 7.58***

Child:

-Age -.448 -7.09*** -.438 -6.39***

-Gender (Female) .166 1.74# .134 1.39

-Birthplace (Spain) .319 1.74# .112 0.58

-School Type (Private) .115 0.93 .135 1.06

-Year in School .312 3.16** .311 3.08**

-Knowledge of Spanish .524 5.12*** .603 5.97***

(KSI)

-City of Residence .095 0.85

(Barcelona)

National Origin 3 :

-Argentina -.710 -2.09*

-Ecuador -.522 -2.91**

-Peru -.527 -2.38*

40


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 3-B (Cont.)

PredictorsIIIIIIIV

Coeff. 1 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio

  • / Cut 1 -.860 .544 -3.817 -2.869

  • / Cut 2 .474 1.972 -2.294 -1.336

  • / Cut 3 1.535 3.099 1.092 -0.112

  • Wald Chi Sq. 78.80*** 222.92*** 320.86*** 348.52***

  • Pseudo R2 .018 .053 .082 .089

  • N 1651 1622 1564 1563

  • See Appendix for variable measurement.

  • Ordered logistic regression coefficients.

  • Dummy variables for 17 different nationalities are included in Step IV; only significant coefficients are presented.

  • # p < .10

  • * P < .05

  • ** p < . 01

  • *** p < .001

  • Source: Longitudinal Study of the Spanish Second Generation (ILSEG)

41


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 4-A Determinants of Occupational Aspirations among Second Generation Youths in Spain, 2010

Predictors1 I IIIIIIV

Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio

Parent:

-Age -.002 -0.23 .001 0.18 .005 0.58 .004 0.49

-Gender (Female) .033 0.29 .039 0.33 -.084 -0.68 -.062 -049

-Years of Spanish -.000 -0.01 -.003 -0.38 -.011 -1.06 -.015 -1.26

Residence

-Nationality (Spanish) .011 0.10 -.003 -0.03 -.001 -0.01 .079 0.61

-Both Parents Present .288 2.38* .312 2.54* .253 1.98# .246 1.88#

-Socio-economic Status .054 0.75 -.052 -0.67 -.104 -1.24 -.074 -0.81

(PSES)

-Knowledge of Spanish .302 3.45*** .226 2.42* .210 2.03* .307 2.47*

(PKSI)

-School Involvement .037 0.38 .006 0.06 - .023 -0.22

(PSII)

-Educational Aspirations .092 0.98 .049 0.50 .065 0.65

-Educational Expectations .324 4.58*** .202 2.74** .173 2.31*

Child:

-Age -.283 -3.97*** -.344 -4.46***

-Gender (Female) .725 6.49*** .715 6.32***

-Birthplace (Spain) .146 0.72 .097 0.45

-School Type (Private) .257 1.77# .298 2.03*

-Year in School .284 2.57* .318 2.82**

-Knowledge of Spanish .245 2.14* .220 1.81#

(KSI)

-City of Residence -.239 -1.87#

(Barcelona)

National Origin 3 :

-Argentina -1.049 -2.33*

42


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 4-A (Cont.)

PredictorsIIIIIIIV

Coeff. 1 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio Coeff. 2 Z-ratio

  • Constant -1.571 -3.13 -2.495 -4.31 .079 0.07 .956 0.74

  • Wald Chi Sq. 19.69** 50.46*** 105.94*** 123.38***

  • Pseudo R2 .010 .025 .059 .069

  • N 1592 1563 1508 1507

  • See Appendix for variable measurement.

  • Binomial logistic regression coefficients.

  • Dummy variables for 17 different nationalities are included in Step IV; only significant coefficients are presented.

  • # p < .10

  • * P < .05

  • ** p < . 01

  • *** p < .001

  • Source: Longitudinal Study of the Spanish Second Generation (ILSEG)

43


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 4-B Determinants of Occupational Expectations among Second Generation Youths in Spain, 2010

Predictors 1 I II III IV

Coeff. 2 t Coeff. 2 t Coeff. 2 t Coeff. 2 t

Parent:

-Age -.016 -0.05 .116 0.37 .075 0.24 .110 0.38

-Gender (Female) -2.529 -0.53 2.773 -0.56 -8.033 -1.56 -7.681 -1.45

-Years of Spanish -.002 -0.01 -.058 -0.20 -.706 -2.11* -.403 -1.33

Residence

-Nationality (Spanish) -3.252 -0.82 -3.561 -0.91 -4.214 -1.03 -3.475 0.80

-Both Parents Present -5.826 -1.24 -5.953 -1.26 -7.625 -1.56 -7.126 -1.62#

-Socio-economic Status 7.711 4.16*** 4.650 2.25* 2.643 1.25 3.259 1.47

(PSES)

-Knowledge of Spanish 5.249 2.09* 2.750 1.15 .735 0.25 .219 0.07

(PKSI)

-School Involvement .447 0.14 .453 0.15 -.573 -0.16

(PSII)

-Educational Aspirations 2.762 0.49 .410 0.07 -.703 -0.11

-Educational Expectations 8.601 2.54* 5.366 1.60# 4.828 1.44

Child:

-Age -7.111 -3.20*** -6.765 -2.91**

-Gender (Female) 11.920 2.88** 12.472 3.01**

-Birthplace (Spain) 13.848 1.42 16.620 1.45

-School Type (Private) 1.773 0.48 2.414 0.66

-Year in School 10.551 3.85*** 11.273 3.82***

-Knowledge of Spanish 12.776 3.02** 11.888 2.92**

(KSI)

-City of Residence 4.065 1.19

(Barcelona)

National Origin 3 :

-Argentina -22.562 -1.85#

44


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

Table 4-B (Cont.)

PredictorsIIIIIIIV

Coeff. t Coeff. 2 t Coeff. 2 t Coeff. 2 t

  • Constant 142.824 9.07 119.664 7.14 176.369 5.38 183.694 3.89

  • F 5.17*** 6.63*** 8.78*** 4.96***

  • R2 .010 .020 .043 .056

  • N 1615 1588 1530 1529

  • See Appendix for variable measurement.

  • Ordinary least squares unstandardized coefficients with robust standard errors.

  • Dummy variables for 17 different nationalities are included in Step IV; only significant coefficients are presented.

  • # p < .10

  • * P < .05

  • ** p < . 01

  • *** p < .001

  • Source: Longitudinal Study of the Spanish Second Generation (ILSEG)

45


Table 1 socio demographic characteristics of immigrant parents and their children in spain 2010

46


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