WWII Vocabulary Terms. 1. Inflation. An economic condition when money loses its value and prices rise. Ex: This happened to the German money due to the high war reparations of the Versailles Treaty. Germany printed more money; making their currency worthless. 2. Dictator.
An economic condition when money loses its value and prices rise.
A leader who rules with total authority in a cruel or brutal manner.
Individual human rights and freedoms are restricted.
A political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied.
Ex: Hitler took away the right to protest or speak out against the government, eliminated the “free press,” and took the lives of over 6 million men, women, and children thought to be “inferior” in his eyes.
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflicts.
Ex: Britain and France thought that they could avoid war by accepting Germany’s demands. In 1936, they signed a treaty allowing Hitler to take Austria & part of Czechoslovakia.
A government in which all economic and social activity is controlled by totalitarian leaders and one powerful political party.
Great Britain, the USA, the USSR, and France.
Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Site of Japanese surprise attack on December7, 1941
Consumers could buy only certain number of goods so that the majority of these goods could be sent abroad to aid in the war effort.
i.e. shoes, gasoline, tires, sugar, and meat.
A fictional character appearing on government posters encouraging women to help in the war effort.
Fearful of Japanese spies, more than 100,000 West Coast Japanese - Americans were sent to detention centers.
An often negative preconceived opinion or feeling towards someone due to race, gender, religion, or anything else.
Hitler’s “Final Solution.”
Genocide* (systematic killing) of European Jews and others by the Nazis during World War II.
Prison and work camps for civilians.
Hatred, hostility, and discrimination toward and against Jews.
The belief that a “pure” blood German with blonde-hair and blue eyes was superior to all other races.
This country borders the Soviet Union and Germany.
June 6, 1944: the largest combined land-sea-air invasion in history to begin the liberation of France from German occupation.
The turning point on the western front and the beginning of the end war in Europe.
Two Japanese cities where the U.S. dropped atomic bombs ending WWII.
February 1943, Soviet victory (ousting Germans) marked a major turning point in the war for the Allies on the eastern front.
This was the first major Japanese defeat and the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
August – October 1940: Germans bombed British shipyards, industries, & cities, destroying entire neighborhoods, killing many civilians.
For all the world leaders (#27-33) just write what is in light blue print
He used the anger over the Treaty of Versailles and the depression in Germany to grab power in the 1920s. He wanted an all-powerful German Empire, believed in Aryan supremacy, and blamed the Jewish people for the loss of WWI. His evil reign of power lasted 12 years.
He used unrest and economic instability in Italy to grab power in the 1920s. Opposed to democracy, because he felt it “divided” the nation, this fascist dictator allowed no criticism of his government and controlled the army and the schools.
He was military general and Prime Minister of Japan from 1941 – 1944. In order to secure new territories and natural resources for Japan, the country invaded Nanking, China and killed around one million unarmed citizens.
Great Britain – urged Britain to re-arm after Hitler’s election in 1933. In 1939 said Britain and France should form a military alliance with the Soviet Union. Was appointed Prime Minister in 1940 and led Britain with great courage.
President of the U.S. during WW II. He pushed for economic support of the Allies with the Lend Lease program, while trying to keep his campaign promise to neutral. After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, he urged Congress to declare war on Japan.
President FDR was elected to serve a 4th term and chose this man as his vice president. After Roosevelt’s sudden death, he became President and the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan fell to him.
The tyrannical dictator of the Soviet Union (USSR) who first supported the Axis Powers. His country joined the Allies in 1941 after a non-aggression pact with Germany was violated by a German invasion.