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The Homefront. September 16, 1940 - United States military conscription bill passed. We have the draft!. Your Number Was Called!. Marine Corps Motor Pool. USO Canteen. Betty Grable: Allied Pinup Girl. She Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For.

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The Homefront

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The Homefront

September 16, 1940 - United States military conscription bill passed. We have the draft!

Your Number Was Called!

Marine Corps Motor Pool

USO Canteen

Betty Grable: Allied Pinup Girl

She Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For

Fighting the Enemy on the Battlefield & on the Home Front

November 5, 1940 - Roosevelt re-elected as U.S. president

Working on the Assembly Line

“Rosie, the Riveter”

Fix that Engine!

Women’s Army Air CorpsPilots

Do Your Bit!

Buy, Buy, Buy, Buy a Bond:It Will Lead to VICTORY!

Get Your Ration Cards

S..t..r..e..t..c..h That Food!

Positive changes in the economy due to the war

  • Jobs were plentiful due to mobilization of industry

  • More money to spend and save

  • Women in work force in record number

  • African Americans had more skilled job opportunities

  • GI Bill to pay for education

On the RoadLooking for Work

Problems caused by war

  • Racial tension especially in L.A. and Detroit

  • Japanese Americans in internment camps

  • Returning veterans having difficulty finding jobs

  • More single moms

Japanese-American Boy Scout Troop in an Internment Camp

Hollywood Pitches In

Bob Hope in the South Pacific

Thanks, for the Memories!

Office of Price Administration (OPA) freezes prices, fights


Protest march against discrimination

July 1, 1941

A. Philip Randolph, head of Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters led this protest

What injustice happened to the Nisei (Japanese Americans during WWII?

Internment camps sometimes called relocation camps

What was one positive advance for African Americans as a result of WWII?

They advanced to more skilled jobs

  • More opportunities due to defense mobilization

  • The shipyards in particular hired African Americans

  • The second largest employer of African Americans was the federal government.

The Manhattan Project

  • To disguise this ultra-secret project, the Corps created a Manhattan Engineer District, with a headquarters initially based in New York City.

  • Most work done at Los Alamos, New Mexico

  • “Gadget” (Trinity) on July 16, 1945

“Trinity”July 16, 1945

Robert J. Oppenheimer

When you see something that is technically sweet, you go ahead and do it and you argue about what to do about it only after you have had your technical success. That is the way it was with the atomic bomb.

The atomic bomb made the prospect of future war unendurable. It has led us up those last few steps to the mountain pass; and beyond there is a different country.

The Manhattan Project Success

  • Two atomic bombs were made, “Little Boy” and “Fat Man.”

  • Scientists at Los Alamos were not fully confident in the “Fat Man” bomb.

  • Bombs designed to create an accurate and symmetrical implosion.

Fat Man and Little Boy

“Fat Man”

“Little Boy”

Debate over the Bomb:American Support

  • Americans were suffering many casualties and the Japanese were showing no signs of possible negotiation.

  • A cease fire was non-negotiable.

  • If the United States dropped the atomic bomb, surrender and peace would probably occur.

Why did Truman use the atomic bomb? Give 2 reasons.

He believed it would save American lives

Harry Truman became president on April 12, 1945 when FDR died. He is known for the saying “The buck stops here.”

He believed it would end the war

The Mushroom Cloud

  • 8:15 AM, “The Little Boy” was dropped over the center of Hiroshima

  • It exploded about 2,000 ft. above the city and had a blast the equivalent to 13 kilotons of TNT.

  • Due to radiation, approximately 152,437 additional people have died.

Formal Warning to Japan

  • On August 10, 1945 thousands of leaflets were dropped over the city of Nagasaki

The leaflets called for a petition to the Emperor of Japan to stop the war and agree to thirteen consequences of an honorable surrender.

The leaflets called for a petition to the Emperor of Japan to stop the war and agree to thirteen consequences of an honorable surrender.

Sample Leaflet

WW II Memorial in Washington, DC

Dedicated on April 29, 2004

That’s all folks!

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