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Five-Minute Check (over Lesson 13–2)

CCSS

Then/Now

New Vocabulary

Key Concept: Length Probability Ratio

Example 1: Use Lengths to Find Geometric Probability

Example 2: Real-World Example: Model Real-World Probabilities

Key Concept: Area Probability Ratio

Example 3: Real-World Example: Use Area to Find Geometric Probability

Example 4: Use Angle Measures to Find Geometric Probability

Lesson MenuB.

C.

D.

From the 15 members of the prom committee, two will be chosen as chairman and treasurer. What is the probability that Julia and her friend Marco will be randomly selected as chairman and treasurer in that order?

5-Minute Check 1B.

C.

D.

A gym class is separated into teams of 8 students. Each team then randomly assigns the positions of captain and scorekeeper. What is the probability that Tina and Frank are selected for either position on their team?

5-Minute Check 2B.

C.

D.

Rico is choosing a password for his bank account from the letters of his last name: H-E-R-R-E-R-A. If he selects from the letters at random, what is the probability that the password will be his last name (Herrera)?

5-Minute Check 3B.

C.

D.

Mrs. Henderson is choosing groups of 3 students from her math class of 24 students. If the groups are randomly chosen, what is the probability that Jacob, Terrence, and Todd are in a group?

5-Minute Check 4S.MD.7 (+) Analyze decisions and strategies using probability concepts (e.g., product testing, medical testing, pulling a hockey goalie at the end of a game).

Mathematical Practices

1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively.

CCSSYou found probabilities of simple events.

- Find probabilities by using length.

- Find probabilities by using area.

Vocabulary

Point Z is chosen at random on AD.Find the probability that Z is on AB.

Answer:The probability that Z is on AB is , approximately 0.18, or approximately 18%.

Use Lengths to Find Geometric Probability

Length probability ratio

Substitution

Example 1We can use a number line to model this situation. Since the comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled by EF.

Model Real-World Probabilities

ORBITS Halley’s Comet orbits the earth every 76 years. What is the probability that Halley’s Comet will complete an orbit within the next decade?

Example 2Answer: comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled , approximately 0.13, or approximately 13%

Model Real-World Probabilities

Find the probability of this event.

Length probability ratio

EF = 10 and EG = 76

Simplify.

Example 2A. comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled B.

C.D.

SUBWAY You are in the underground station waiting for the next subway car, and are unsure how long ago the last one left. You do know that the subway comes every sixteen minutes. What is the probability that you will get picked up in the next 12 minutes?

Example 2Concept comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled

Use Area to Find Geometric Probability comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled

DARTS The targets of a dartboard are formed by 3 concentric circles. If the diameter of the center circle is 4 inches and the circles are spread 3 inches apart, what is the probability that a player will throw a dart into the center circle?

You need to find the ratio of the area of the center circle to the area of the entire dartboard. The radius of the center circle is 4 ÷ 2 or 2 inches, while the radius of the dartboard is 2 + 3 + 3 or 8 inches.

Example 3Answer: comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled The probability that the dart hits in the center circle is or about 6%.

Use Area to Find Geometric Probability

Area probability ratio

A = πr2

Simplify.

Example 3RING TOSS comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled If at a carnival, you toss a ring and it lands in the red circle shown below, then you win a prize. The diameter of the circle is 4 feet. If the dimensions of the blue table are 8 feet by 5 feet, what is the probability if the ring is thrown at random that you will win a prize?

A. about 31%

B. about 33%

C. about 35%

D. about 37%

Example 3P comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled (pointer landing on section 3) =

Use Angle Measures to Find Geometric Probability

A.Use the spinner to find P(pointer landing on section 3).

The angle measure of section 3 is 122°.

Answer:The probability of landing on section 3 is approximately 34%.

Example 4P(pointer landing on section 1) = comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled

Use Angle Measures to Find Geometric Probability

B.Use the spinner to find P(pointer landing on section 1).

The angle measure of section 1 is 26°.

Answer:The probability of landing on section 1 is approximately 7%.

Example 4A. comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled Use the spinner to find P(pointer landing on section C).

A. about 17%

B. about 16%

C. about 18%

D. about 27%

Example 4B. comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled Use the spinner to find P(pointer landing on section E).

A. about 24%

B. about 26%

C. about 27%

D. about 38%

Example 4End of the Lesson comet orbits every 76 years, it will orbit again in 76 years or less. On the number line below, the event of an orbit in the next 10 years is modeled

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