Industrial Models. Industrial Models. Primary industries have to be located near the source of materials Secondary industries are becoming less dependent on resource location Location theory: predicts where businesses will or should be located
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-Truck is the least expensive mode of transport over short distances
-Air is most effective for high value, or perishable goods
-Shipping is the cheapest form of transportation over long distances
Triangle A represents a situation where M is the market, and S represents primary sources
Triangle B represents a situation where M is the market, S represents primary sources, and P represents a manufacturing center
Area is completely uniform (physically, politically, culturally and technologically) - This is known as the isotropic plain assumption.
Manufacturing involves a single product to be shipped to a single market whose location is known.
Inputs involve raw materials from more than one known source location.
Labor is infinitely available but immobile in location.
Transportation routes are not fixed but connect origin and destination by the shortest path; and transportation costs directly reflect the weight of items shipped and the distance they are moved.
***Even if you think Weber leaves much to be desired, he did set in motion a debate on SPATIAL aspects of economic activitiesAssumptions of Least Cost TheoryKnow all six assumptions