FASD. Indiana FASD Prevention Taskforce. Working to Prevent Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Through High School and Middle School Curricula This presentation was designed for use in Middle School and High School Introductory Biology, Health, Family and Consumer Science Classes. FASD.
Working to Prevent Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersThrough High School and Middle School CurriculaThis presentation was designed for use in Middle School and High School Introductory Biology, Health, Family and Consumer Science Classes
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersWhy a person should NOT drink alcohol if she COULD get pregnant!
FAE (fetal alcohol effects) is an older term used to describe the last three listed above.
From the Executive Summary of the IOM Report. FAS Community Resource Center. http://www.come-over.to/FASCRC
Eustace LW 2003; Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration;
and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
been proven ‘safe’ to
consume during pregnancy
A Binge is four or more drinks on one occasion for a woman; five or more for a man
A Drink is 12 ounces of beer, five ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of hard liquor
Brain and nervous system
Lips and palate
The Effect of Alcohol on a Baby’s Development
Development of the brain is occurring throughout the pregnancy, which means that alcohol exposure at any point may cause brain damage.
Figure from http://www.fda.gov/cber/gdlns/rvrpreg_fig1.gif
Defined by four criteria:
(little to no groove
above upper lip)
Thin upper lip
NOTE: Although these features are associated with fetal alcohol syndrome,
they may also be seen in people who do not have a FASD.
FAS Facial Features: Short Palpebral Fissures (Eye Openings)
Eyes are measured from the outer corner to the inner corner
Day and Richardson, 2004, AJMG 127C:28-34.
Brain of a
Brain of a baby
exposed to alcohol
Photo by Sterling Clarren, MD
Malbin D. 2002
Concepts of money and time
Skill Developmental Age Equivalent
Adapted from: www.efsmanitoba.com/html/Final%20Paper%20Defining%20Needs%20of%20women%20with%20FAS_E2.htm
Mental health issues
Disrupted school experiences
Inappropriate sexual behavior
Trouble with the law
Confinement in jail or treatment facilities
Alcohol and drug problems
www.fasdcenter.samhsa.gov; Streissguth AP, et al. 2004
Streissguth et al. 1991
Referrals and early intervention for substance-using pregnant
women. Training for professionals.
Phone: 800-622-4845 or 317-722-5555 Fax: 317-722-5564Statewide agency for persons with developmental disabilities.www.in.gov/ipas
Slides developed by:Lisa J. Spock, Ph.D., C.G.C.
Gordon Mendenhall, Ed.D.
Assisted by:David D. Weaver, M.D.
Becky Kennedy, M.Ed.
James M. Ignaut, M.A., M.P.H., C.H.E.S.
Supported by: Indiana University School of Medicine
Indiana State Department of Health
Indiana Department of Education
University of Indianapolis