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An Introduction to maritime transport in Latin America and the Caribbean . Panama, 13-15 November [email protected] . Outline of the presentation. Introduction. Track A Shipping. Track B Ports. Track C Intermodal. Challenges to research. Outline of the presentation. Introduction.

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An Introduction to maritime transport in Latin America and the Caribbean

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An Introduction to maritime transportin Latin America and the Caribbean

Panama, 13-15 November

[email protected]


Outline of the presentation

Introduction

Track A

Shipping

Track B

Ports

Track C

Intermodal

Challenges to research


Outline of the presentation

Introduction

Specialization

Track A

Shipping

Track B

Ports

Track C

Intermodal

Challenges to research


Panama

World Market Share

Flag


Honduras

World Market Share

Seafarers


Chile

World Market Share

MEEZ

Coast

Carriers


South American Operators 2002, TEU

Fuente: cepal/ Fairplay

foreign flag

national flag


Open registries

Source: UNCTAD


Example

  • Moves 6.9% of Chilean trade

  • Obtains 83% of its turnover abroad

  • Owns 5% of the ships it operates

Source: directemar, csav, dynaliner


“Clustering” of countries


“Clustering” of sectors


Maritime Transport in LAC

Introduction

Privatization

Track A

Shipping

Track B

Ports

Track C

Intermodal

Challenges to research


Privatization

Concessioned public (common user) ports

  • Argentina

  • Brazil

  • Colombia

  • Chile

  • Mexico

  • Panama

  • Uruguay

… 24 other Latin American and Caribbean countries still pending

W h y ?


Opposition of national private sector

  • Venezuela

  • Ecuador

  • Peru


Unemployment, poverty, political difficulties

  • Guatemala

  • El Salvador

  • Honduras

  • Nicaragua

  • Costa Rica


Monopolistic ports


C

L

Labour reform

Capital / labour


Customs, ...


New ports?

First: use more efficiently what you have

TEU/ ship-hour-port

Benchmark,

Central American ports (excl. Panama):


Maritime Transport in LAC

Introduction

natural

and

home made

obstacles

Track A

Shipping

Track B

Ports

Track C

Intermodal

Challenges to research


A natural barrier to intermodal transport….


Another natural barrier

to intermodal transport….


Telematics

Danger to miss the train - again…

Today:Telematics

30 years ago:Containerization


Global networksAPL


Global networksMaersk-Sealand


Intra-block trade

Cargo reservation

for cabotage

Not allowed


Maritime Transport in LAC

Introduction

Track A

Shipping

Track B

Ports

Track C

Intermodal

Challenges to research


Thank you!

An Introduction to maritime transportin Latin America and the Caribbean

Panama, 13-15 November

[email protected]


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