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Vietnam Timeline - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Vietnam Timeline. 1874. France takes control of Vietnam. President and US Military Presence: 1941 . Roosevelt. 1941 . Ho Chi Minh founded the Viet Minh To fight the Japanese Popular leader Not anti-American Nationalist/land reform. President and US Military Presence: 1945. Truman.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
1874
  • Francetakes control of Vietnam
slide4
1941
  • Ho Chi Minh founded the Viet Minh
      • To fight the Japanese
      • Popular leader
      • Not anti-American
      • Nationalist/land reform
slide6
1945
  • Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam Independent
      • US and Vietnamese fought against Japanese
      • Quotes US Declaration of Independence
      • Asks the US for aid five times
slide7
1950
  • United States gives direct economic and military aid to the French
      • War begins between Vietminh and France
      • Domino Theory/Keep Alliance with French
      • In total $4 billion to the French
slide9
1954
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    • Last Battle of French/Vietminh War
    • Vietminh won
slide10
1954
  • Geneva Conference
      • Vietnam divided at the 17th parallel. Elections in two years
      • Cease fire
          • Neither side would form alliances with other countries
slide11
1954
  • US Support Ngo Dinh Diem as leader of South Vietnam
      • Western Educated. Diem was Catholic. Vietnam a country of Buddhists.
      • Corrupt
      • Two US advisors worked closely with Diem.
      • Strongly Anti-Communist.
slide12
1956
  • Diem cancels elections
      • He knew that Ho Chi Minh would win.
      • He broke the Geneva Conventions.
slide14
1960
  • National Liberation Front a.k.a. Viet Cong
      • South Vietnamese who hate Diem
      • Supported by peasants
      • Civil War breaks out
      • Use Guerilla/terror tactics

Viet Cong Solider

slide16
1963
  • Buddhists Riots in Hue
      • Diem outlawed Buddhists flags
      • Buddhists protested this and were shot
      • A few monks lit themselves on fire- Made Diem look bad
slide18
1963
  • Diem Overthrown and Assassinated
      • Diem received millions in aid, yet his country was bankrupt
      • Unpopular and corrupt
      • US supported a military coup
      • Diem & brother killed. Unwilling/able to change conditions that led to popularity communism/NLF
slide19
1963
  • Kennedy Assassinated
      • Johnson swears he will not “lose” Vietnam
      • Viet Cong are already assassinating US advisors
slide21
1964
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
      • Johnson claimed that two ships were attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin
      • Congress gave Johnson a “blank check” in Vietnam

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

slide23
1965
  • Operation Rolling Thunder
      • Viet Cong attacked a US airfield in South Vietnam
      • US begins bombing N. Vietnam. Continued for three years.
      • Bomb bases, roads, railroads & Ho Chi Minh trail
      • Start sending ground troops
slide25
1968
  • Tet Offensive (Vietnamese New Year)
      • The VC/NVA took control of major cities in S. Vietnam
      • The US mainstream started questioning the war
      • The US retook major cities but damage was done
slide27
1969
  • Secret Bombing of Cambodia
      • Bombed communist strongholds
      • Continued to bomb the Ho Chi Minh Trail

Secret bombing

Of Cambodia:

Sites indicated

In Red

slide29
1969
  • My Lai Massacre
      • March 16, 1968
      • Search and destroy mission
      • 350 civilians killed by US army division
      • Became public knowledge in 1969

My Lai Massacre

Monument

slide30
1969
  • Anti-War Demonstrations
    • After Tet, mainstream US against war
    • College campuses center of protest movement- biggest at Columbia U where students occupied President’s office
    • Marches, teach-ins, burning draft cards, jail, leaving country…
slide31
1970
  • Vietnamization
  • Advisors said it would take 8 yrs to win the war
  • Trained and fund S. Vietnamese troops to take over
  • Allowed US troops to begin to come home
slide33
1970
  • Kent State
      • A protest against the invasion of Cambodia
      • Burned down ROTC building
      • National Guard fired on crowd
      • Four students killed, one paralyzed for life
slide35
1971
  • Pentagon Papers
      • Defense Dept. employee Daniel Ellsburg leaked top secret document to the NY Times and Wash. Post
      • Revealed Government was lying about war
slide36
1973
  • Last Troops Leave Vietnam
      • After a massive bombing campaign in the North US turned the war over to South. (Paris Peace Accords)
      • Symbolized our inability to defeat the Communists
slide38
1975
  • Last Americans leave Saigon during the early morning
      • The North took over Saigon
      • The Civil War was over
      • The Communist won
slide39
More than 58,000 US soldiers died
  • $150 billion
  • Over 2 million Southeast Asians died
  • Equivalent of 650 Hiroshimas dropped
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