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David Putnam, Jr., Ph.D. Associate Director, C & I Tigard Tualatin School District. Secondary literacy: Universal Screening and Progress Monitoring. Provide a rationale and framework for literacy intervention at the secondary level Examine the Maze and its relationship to OAKS
Associate Director, C & I
Tigard Tualatin School District
Provide a rationale and framework for literacy intervention at the secondary level
Mark R. Shinn, Ph.D. & Madi Phillips, Ph.D.NASP, 2007
Target = 80% of student
Target = >15%
Universal screening is the process of efficiently assessing ALL students in a timely manner to analyze:
Periodic and universal screening ensures that no students “fall through the cracks”
Office Discipline Referrals (ODRs)What Universal Screeners Are Used with Secondary Students in TTSD?
Allows for screening/assessing ALL students, ALL groups of Students, and School-wide literacy in time for intervention
Can use same test to monitor progress
Frequent progress monitoring increases academic achievement
Maze scores are a predictor of performance on OAKS AND NOW HS graduationWhy Maze?
Critical values corresponding to likelihood of passing 8th grade Minnesota Basic Skills Test – Doug Marston, et al.
Queried ESIS for a demographic file with student name, ID #, ethnicity, program subgroup
Merged demographic file with data file for each measure
Created an Excel template organized by all subgroupsHow Do You Analyze Effectiveness Of Academic Programs?
Example of IPAS School Student listHow do you identify the lowest 20% of students with Maze data?
An on-going, systematic approach to gathering academic and behavioral data to
Progress monitoring has been extensively researched in Special Education (Fuchs & Fuchs, 1986)
50th %ile. Like it!)
(Fuchs, et al., 1994)Effects of Progress Monitoring
Sanford & Putnam (2007)progress monitoring in Secondary Schools
Intensifying (Intervention is not working and should be revised), or
Referring for Special Education Evaluation (Intensive intervention is proving unsuccessful)
Exiting (Intervention no longer needed)Meet Monthly to Consider…
3-4 Data Points Below the Aimline!
Now that’s WORKIN’!
3-4 Data Points Below the Aimline! Consider SPED Referral
Maze scores indicate 4 or more data points above the aimline AND are at or above the 50th percentile; AND
Progress monitoring indicates 4 data points below the aimline (maze).
Slope is flat or decreasing AND scores are below 50th percentile (maze).
Grade+ scores at or below 3rd stanine.Intensify reading interventions when: