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Portable High Efficiency Air Filtration (PHEAF) Device Field Testing and Validation Standard. ANSI/IESO Standard 4310-2009. WHERE ARE HEPA FILTERS USED?. Whenever we need to move contaminated air - without the contamination coming along for the ride.

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Portable High Efficiency Air Filtration (PHEAF) DeviceField Testing and Validation Standard

ANSI/IESO Standard 4310-2009


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WHERE ARE HEPA FILTERSUSED?

Whenever we need to move contaminated air - without the contamination coming along for the ride


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ASBESTOS, LEAD AND MICROBIAL REMEDIATION . . .

AFDs & HEPA Vacuums


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MERCURY SPILL CLEAN UP, RADIOACTIVE PARTICLES

AFDs & HEPA Vacuums


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HEPA FILTERS

HEPA filters are designed to be 99.97 efficient

at 0.3 micron size particles

But what happens to that efficiency when you

place that filter into a portable filtration device?


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They are no longer HEPA efficient !1. They leak at the edges2. They leak at the seals 3. They loose their seal during movement4. They get micro holes5. They grow stuff


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RESEARCHSHOWING ACTUAL PARTICLE LEAKAGE






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HISTORY

The first call for a “in field” testing and

certification standard for portable HEPA filtered devices appeared in an article in Outlook magazine in 1990.

That was almost 20 years ago.


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HISTORY

Since 1990, the cost and portability of the

particle counting equipment required for “in field” testing and certification has significantly decreased.

This equipment is now within the price range for

large contractors or for consultants to test equipment as part of their oversight of an abatement

or remediation project.


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HAND-HELD PARTICLE COUNTERS

LIGHTHOUSE

MET ONE

FLUKE

KANOMAX

IQAir


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HOW CRITICAL IS PHEAF DEVICE TESTING?

• Only the HEPA filters are “certified”

•Testing is done by a 3rd party

• PHEAF device manufacturers do not test or certify the complete device

• There is no standard that requires testing or certification of the complete device

WHY SHOULD WE TEST THEM ?


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CURRENT DOE EXPERIENCE

Replacement HEPA filter testing

prior to installation into the HEPA device

by the Dept. of Energy showed a

20% failure rate of the filters alone

1 IN 5 NEW FILTERS

WAS NOT HEPA EFFICIENT !


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ACTUAL TESTING EXPERIENCE

HEPA filtered equipment contamination

of a mold remediation

2. HEPA filtered equipment leaked on an

asbestos abatement

3. Testing of numerous pieces of

contractor equipment showed significant

leakage (shown in std. appendix)


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SECONDARY ISSUE

Inability to adequately clean a

PHEAF device when installing

a new HEPA filter

(The Kick Test)


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DOE performs in field certification ofall HEPA filtered devicesbecause of their experience of significant failure rates and leakage problemsevery time the equipment is moved(USING AEROSOL GENERATION)


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Portable High Efficiency Air Filtration (PHEAF) DeviceField Testing and Certification Interim Standard

ANSI/IESO Standard 4310-2009


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This standard applies to Portable High Efficiency Air Filtration Devices. (PHEAF Devices)This would include vertical and horizontal portable air filter devices, movable vacuums, hand held vacuums, and other filtered suction devices used for cleaning surfaces for the purposes of removing dust, dirt, mold, asbestos, lead and other undesired particulate environmental contaminants.

2. Scope



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1. HEPA devices?ASTM F1471 - 09 Standard Test Method for Air Cleaning Performance of a High-Efficiency Particulate Air- Filter System.2. ASHRAE Standard 52.2-2007 : Method of Testing General Ventilation Air-Cleaning Devices for Removal Efficiency by Particle Size3. DOE-STD-3020-97 : Dept. of Energy, Specification for HEPA filters used by DOE Contractors4. EN 1822-1:1998 : High efficiency air filters (HEPA and ULPA). Classification, performance testing, marking.5. JIS Z 8909-1 Test method of filter media for dust collection.

3. Filter Testing and Certification Standards



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ASHRAE 52.2 HEPA devices? - Method of Testing General Ventilation Air-Cleaning Devices for Removal Efficiency by Particle SizeTHIS IS THE STANDARD THATESTABLISHES MERV RATINGS FOR AIR FILTERS


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MERV RATINGS HEPA devices?Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value(range from 1-16 and aremeasured in microns)


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The PHEAF Device Standard uses HEPA devices?these ASHRAE MERV efficiencies to establish the in field testing and validation criteria


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Class 5 device HEPA devices? - A portable high efficiency air filtration device that operates as a fully effective and functional air filter, meeting all the filter efficiency requirements of a HEPA filter. (MERV 17)This class of PHEAF device shall be required for all work in hospitals, in other environments where the PHEAF device discharges into the general air space of the building (and for vacuums used outside containment for contaminants such as mercury?)

4. Terminology


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Class 4 device HEPA devices? - A portable high efficiency air filtration device that operates at a level equivalent to a 99% efficient filter. This class of PHEAF device shall be required for all work in commercial buildings or in other environments where the unit discharges into the air space of the building (and for vacuums used outside containment for contaminants such as mold and asbestos?)


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Class 3 device HEPA devices? - A portable high efficiency air filtration device that operates at a level equivalent to a MERV 16 filter. (Approx 95% efficient)This class of PHEAF device can be used for environmental contaminant filtering and/or air scrubbing within a containment, provided the containment is under negative pressure and discharges to the outside air.


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Class 2 device HEPA devices? - A portable high efficiency air filtration device that operates at a level equivalent to a MERV 15 filter. (Approx 90% efficient)This class of PHEAF device shall be the minimum class that is required for portable vacuums that can be used to clean up small, uncontained mold or asbestos releases.


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Class 1 device HEPA devices? - A portable high efficiency air filtration device that operates at a level equivalent to a MERV 14 filter. This class of PHEAF device can be used for environmental filtering / air scrubbing, within a containment, provided the containment is under negative pressure and discharges to the outside air.


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Class 0 device HEPA devices? - A portable high efficiency air filtration device that operates at a level equivalent to a MERV 13 filter. This class of PHEAF device can be used to provide general exhaust or negative pressure within a contained area when it discharges to the outside air. This class of portable hand vacuums can discharge into a contained area that is under negative pressure and from which the air is exhausted to outside of the building.


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Classification Class 5 Class 4 Class 3 Class 2 Class 1 Class 0MERV * 17 NA 16 15 14 13Particle sizeMINIMUM MEASURED PERCENT FILTER EFFICIENCY (in microns) 0.3 99.97 99 95 85 75 75 0.5 99.97 99 95 90 80 75 0.7 99.97 99 95 90 85 75 1.0 99.97 99 95 90 90 80 2.0 99.97 99 95 90 90 85 3.0 99.97 99 95 90 90 90 5.0 99.97 99 99 90 90 90 10.0 99.97 99 99 90 90 90

Table # 1 : Device Classification by Percent Reduction ofIncoming versus Discharge Particle Counts by Particle Size

*This table is based on ratings interpolated from ASHRAE 52.2 -2007 MERV for air filters.


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GRAPH 1. 1 Class 0


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The percent efficiency for each particle size range 1 Class 0for the unit shall be compared to the percent removal efficiencies in Table 1 or Graph 1 and recorded on the form in Appendix A. A data point that falls between two classes should be rounded down to the lower class. The lowest class recorded for all the size ranges measured will be the designated efficiency class for the unit.

I. Reporting and Determining Efficiency Class


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Test measurement data shall be recorded on the form 1 Class 0in Appendix A. The percent particle count reduction (percent efficiency) for each particle size range shall be calculated using the equation below and also recorded on this form. Discharge particle concentration1 - __________________________ x 100 = % reduction in particle Incoming particle concentration size concentration

H. Calculation and Interpreting of Results


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APPENDIX A 1 Class 0PHEAF Device Testing Data Collection FormDevice DataDevice Description ___________________________ Mfgr _____________________Unit ID # __________________ Owner ____________________________________Other Info _____________________________________________________________Test Event DataDate _____________________ Test Administrator ___________________________Location of Test ________________________ Temperature _______ RH _______Particle Counter Model # ___________ Particle Counter Mfgr. __________________Date of Calibration ____________________ Method __________________________Background Airborne Particle Data Size range Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Average (Bave) (in microns) (B1) (B2) (B3) (B1 + B2 + B3 / 3) 0.3 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 0.5 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 1.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 2.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 5.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 10.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________


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Test Results at Exhaust of Unit 1 Class 0 Size range Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Average (Tave) (in microns) (T1) (T2) (T3) (T1 + T2 + T3 / 3) 0.3 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 0.5 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 1.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 2.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 5.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 10.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________Unit Evaluation Size range Background Unit Test Efficiency Maximum (in microns) Ave. (Bave) Ave. (Tave) 1-(Tave/Bavex100) Class Rating* 0.3 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 0.5 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 1.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 2.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 5.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ 10.0 ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________* See Table 1 or Graph 1 for Minimum Particle Efficiencies for Different Classes of Portable High Efficiency Air Filtration Devices (Round down to lower class when data is between two classes)Overall Classification of Device (minimum rating above) __________________Comments ______________________________________________________



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Standard Challenge Concentration the aerosol method. Aerosol Equip. 100 µg/l 100 mg/m3ASHRAE 52.2 16.3 x 109 p/ft370 mg/m3ASTM F1471 7.0 x 109 p/ft3 30 mg/m3EU 1822 3.52 x 107 p/ft3 0.15 mg/m3

STANDARDS FOR TESTING HEPA FILTERS


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STANDARDS FOR TESTING HEPA FILTERS the aerosol method.

Standard Acceptable Leakage

(1- 99.97%= 0.03%)

Aerosol Equip. 0.03 µg/m3

ASHRAE 52.2 4.89 x 105 p/ft3 0.021 µg/m3

ASTM F1471 2.1 x 105 p/ft3 0.009 µg/m3

EU 1822 1.05 x 103 p/ft3 0.00045 µg/m3


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Consultants in Northern California the aerosol method. in the San Francisco Bay area have been specifying mandatory testing of PHEAF devices (using aerosol generation) on asbestos abatement projects for the past 3 years.


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TYPICAL TESTING RESULTS the aerosol method.


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• a leak in the seal against the filter housing the aerosol method. (bead of silicone caulk can often fix it)• physically-damaged HEPA filter - small hole (dab of silicone caulk can fill it)• degraded HEPA filter (oil mist suspect) (may have to replace the HEPA filter)• there may be a design flaw in the equipment

IF YOUR EQUIPMENT FAILS


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QUESTIONS ? the aerosol method. And Hands-OnExercise


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