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England and France Develop. England absorbs Waves of Invaders Early invasions from the Vikings Alfred the Great united Anglos into England Danish king, Edward, united Anglo-Saxons and Vikings William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy Williams rival, Harold Godwinson, Anglo Saxon throne

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england and france develop
England and France Develop
  • England absorbs Waves of Invaders
    • Early invasions from the Vikings
    • Alfred the Great united Anglos into England
    • Danish king, Edward, united Anglo-Saxons and Vikings
    • William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy
    • Williams rival, Harold Godwinson, Anglo Saxon throne
    • Battle of Hastings
    • William took control of England, established foundation of centralized government
slide2
England\'s Evolving Government
    • Hold and add French lands
    • Strengthen noble powers on the church
    • Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine and so acquired a large French territory
slide3
Juries and Common Law
    • Henry ruled from 1154 to 1189
    • Introduced juries into English courts
    • Common law
  • The Magna Carta
    • Richard the Lion Hearted
    • John Softsword, poor military leader
    • Lost lands to Phillip Augustus of France
    • Cruel to his people, alienated church, raised taxes
    • Nobles revolted and forced him to sign the Magna Carta
    • Basic legal rights
slide4
The Model Parliament
    • Edward established parliament
    • Knights, burgesses, bishops, and lords met at Westminster in London
    • Knights and burgesses formed the House of Commons and the nobles and bishops formed the House of Lords
slide5
Capetian Dynasty Rules France
    • Hugh Capet began the Dynasty
    • Location of France was key
    • Philip II (Philip Augustus) powerful Capetian
    • Wanted to weaken power of English kings
    • Failed against Henry II and Richard the Lion Hearted but seized Normandy from King John
    • Stronger centralized government
slide6
Phillips Heirs
    • Louis IX ruled from 1226 to 1270
    • Louis was very pious and saintly
    • Established appeal courts
    • Philip IV ruled from 1285 to 1314 quarrel with pope regarding taxes for priests; included commoners in meetings
    • Church leaders-1st Estate; Great Lords 2nd Estate; commoners/wealthy landowners/merchants 3rd Estate
    • Estates General
  • Beginnings of Democracy
    • Common law, court systems, including commoners
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