England and france develop
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England and France Develop. England absorbs Waves of Invaders Early invasions from the Vikings Alfred the Great united Anglos into England Danish king, Edward, united Anglo-Saxons and Vikings William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy Williams rival, Harold Godwinson, Anglo Saxon throne

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England and France Develop

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England and france develop

England and France Develop

  • England absorbs Waves of Invaders

    • Early invasions from the Vikings

    • Alfred the Great united Anglos into England

    • Danish king, Edward, united Anglo-Saxons and Vikings

    • William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy

    • Williams rival, Harold Godwinson, Anglo Saxon throne

    • Battle of Hastings

    • William took control of England, established foundation of centralized government


England and france develop

  • England's Evolving Government

    • Hold and add French lands

    • Strengthen noble powers on the church

    • Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine and so acquired a large French territory


England and france develop

  • Juries and Common Law

    • Henry ruled from 1154 to 1189

    • Introduced juries into English courts

    • Common law

  • The Magna Carta

    • Richard the Lion Hearted

    • John Softsword, poor military leader

    • Lost lands to Phillip Augustus of France

    • Cruel to his people, alienated church, raised taxes

    • Nobles revolted and forced him to sign the Magna Carta

    • Basic legal rights


England and france develop

  • The Model Parliament

    • Edward established parliament

    • Knights, burgesses, bishops, and lords met at Westminster in London

    • Knights and burgesses formed the House of Commons and the nobles and bishops formed the House of Lords


England and france develop

  • Capetian Dynasty Rules France

    • Hugh Capet began the Dynasty

    • Location of France was key

    • Philip II (Philip Augustus) powerful Capetian

    • Wanted to weaken power of English kings

    • Failed against Henry II and Richard the Lion Hearted but seized Normandy from King John

    • Stronger centralized government


England and france develop

  • Phillips Heirs

    • Louis IX ruled from 1226 to 1270

    • Louis was very pious and saintly

    • Established appeal courts

    • Philip IV ruled from 1285 to 1314 quarrel with pope regarding taxes for priests; included commoners in meetings

    • Church leaders-1st Estate; Great Lords 2nd Estate; commoners/wealthy landowners/merchants 3rd Estate

    • Estates General

  • Beginnings of Democracy

    • Common law, court systems, including commoners


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