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CHAPTER 8 . UNFICATION OF CHINA. WARRING STATES PERIOD. Recall 401-256 B.C. ZHOU PHILOSPHY . LEGALISM. Warring states Pragmatic approach Peace=united, strong state Conscription, war Human nature: Selfish Rewards and punishment. CONFUCIANISM. China 5h century B.C.

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Chapter 8

CHAPTER 8

UNFICATION OF CHINA


Warring states period
WARRING STATES PERIOD

  • Recall

  • 401-256 B.C.



Legalism
LEGALISM

  • Warring states

  • Pragmatic approach

  • Peace=united, strong state

  • Conscription, war

  • Human nature:

    • Selfish

    • Rewards and punishment


Confucianism
CONFUCIANISM

  • China

  • 5h century B.C.

  • Kong Fuzi, Analects

  • comprehensive


Beliefs
BELIEFS

  • Junzi=gentleman

  • Ren: kindness

  • Li: appropriate behavior

  • Xiao: filial piety


Daoism
DAOISM

  • Laozi

  • Reflection and contemplation

  • Intuition=knowledge

  • Health, physical

  • Virtuous, kind


QIN

  • Unified China

  • Legalism

    • Book burning

  • Walled borders

  • Central govt.

  • Roads, weights

  • Eventually rebellions

    • Commoners, nobles


Qin emperor
QIN EMPEROR

  • Tomb

  • Workers

  • Terracotta warriors


QIN

  • Compass

  • 15 years

  • Legacy: empire

  • 20th century


HAN

  • Silk roads

  • Relay race

  • 6 months

  • Camel caravans

  • Exports, imports

  • Romans and Chinese


Economy
ECONOMY

  • Most people: farms, countryside

  • Textile production:

    • Silk

    • Lucrative, high demand


Society
SOCIETY

  • Population growth

    • Qin to Han dynasty: 20 to 60 million


Family
FAMILY

  • Male head

    • official representative

  • Inheritance to all males

  • Marriage

    • Arranged

    • Divorce, men

  • Women

    • Subordination to men

    • Humility, obedience, devotion


Technology
TECHNOLOGY

  • Gunpowder

    • Daoist alchemists

    • Elixir for long life

    • Sulpher+potassium nitrate

    • Fires, noise

  • Paper

    • Before: bamboo strips, bones, silks

    • Tree bark + textile fibers

    • Less $$, efficient


History
HISTORY

  • Greatest historians of Pre-modern world

  • More history, more accurate

  • SimaQian

    • Use of actual documents

    • Firsthand accounts


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