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CHAPTER 8 . UNFICATION OF CHINA. WARRING STATES PERIOD. Recall 401-256 B.C. ZHOU PHILOSPHY . LEGALISM. Warring states Pragmatic approach Peace=united, strong state Conscription, war Human nature: Selfish Rewards and punishment. CONFUCIANISM. China 5h century B.C.

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chapter 8

CHAPTER 8

UNFICATION OF CHINA

warring states period
WARRING STATES PERIOD
  • Recall
  • 401-256 B.C.
legalism
LEGALISM
  • Warring states
  • Pragmatic approach
  • Peace=united, strong state
  • Conscription, war
  • Human nature:
    • Selfish
    • Rewards and punishment
confucianism
CONFUCIANISM
  • China
  • 5h century B.C.
  • Kong Fuzi, Analects
  • comprehensive
beliefs
BELIEFS
  • Junzi=gentleman
  • Ren: kindness
  • Li: appropriate behavior
  • Xiao: filial piety
daoism
DAOISM
  • Laozi
  • Reflection and contemplation
  • Intuition=knowledge
  • Health, physical
  • Virtuous, kind
slide10
QIN
  • Unified China
  • Legalism
    • Book burning
  • Walled borders
  • Central govt.
  • Roads, weights
  • Eventually rebellions
    • Commoners, nobles
qin emperor
QIN EMPEROR
  • Tomb
  • Workers
  • Terracotta warriors
slide13
QIN
  • Compass
  • 15 years
  • Legacy: empire
  • 20th century
slide14
HAN
  • Silk roads
  • Relay race
  • 6 months
  • Camel caravans
  • Exports, imports
  • Romans and Chinese
economy
ECONOMY
  • Most people: farms, countryside
  • Textile production:
    • Silk
    • Lucrative, high demand
society
SOCIETY
  • Population growth
    • Qin to Han dynasty: 20 to 60 million
family
FAMILY
  • Male head
    • official representative
  • Inheritance to all males
  • Marriage
    • Arranged
    • Divorce, men
  • Women
    • Subordination to men
    • Humility, obedience, devotion
technology
TECHNOLOGY
  • Gunpowder
    • Daoist alchemists
    • Elixir for long life
    • Sulpher+potassium nitrate
    • Fires, noise
  • Paper
    • Before: bamboo strips, bones, silks
    • Tree bark + textile fibers
    • Less $$, efficient
history
HISTORY
  • Greatest historians of Pre-modern world
  • More history, more accurate
  • SimaQian
    • Use of actual documents
    • Firsthand accounts
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